Engage Prior Knowledge: Engage Prior Knowledge Before reading a book to a class, teachers should review any knowledge students have over the topic of the book. For example, when reading a book that is set in the 1960’s, students need to know what was going on historically so they better understand the book.
Visualize Details and Events: Visualize Details and Events Students should picture in their imagination what is going occurring in a story as it happens. By painting a picture in their imagination they will better comprehend the story. Visual learners will automatically do this when reading or hearing another person read.
Vocabulary: Vocabulary If students read a book but don’t know the vocabulary used in the story then the meaning will be lost in translation. Teachers can go over vocabulary they think students may not know before reading the book begins. This will build their background knowledge so they comprehend more of what is being read.
Follow Patterns of the Text: Follow Patterns of the Text Books are set up in a general way where basic information is found in the beginning, middle, and end of the book. When students have this knowledge then they will better understand a book and will know where to find important information. Teacher need to tell students about the text patterns, called story grammars.
Make Inferences: Make Inferences Often times information is left out of stories but by using given information an inference can be made to fill in the gaps. Students need to be taught how to infer and fill in the gaps and piece together given information
Summarize: Summarize After completing a story it is important for students to summarize it because this will show their level of comprehension and what they gained from reading the story.