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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1:

Topic :-Types of carpets Prepared by : Dipika Chavla

What is carpet??:

W hat is carpet?? A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of pile? attached to a backing. where, pile is the raised surface of a fabric which is made of upright loops or strands of yarn. e.g. are corduroy, velvet, plush, and towels. The pile is generally either made from wool or fibers such as polyester, nylon etc. and backing means the backside/base of a carpet. The term "carpet" can be applied to a floor covering that covers an entire house.

Use of carpets….:

Use of carpets…. Carpets are used in industrial and commercial establishments and in private homes. Carpets are used for a variety of purposes, including insulating a person's feet from a cold tile or concrete floor, making a room more comfortable as a place to sit on the floor (e.g., when playing with children or praying in Arabic culture) and adding decoration or colour to a room.

Slide 4:

Carpet is most commonly found in two major and several sub types types of construction viz … Cut pile carpets Plush Textured Saxony Cable freeze Loop pile carpets Level loop or berber Patterned multilevel loop Cut and loop Types of Carpets…. Let’s discuss these types in short…..

Difference between the two types….:

Cut pile and loop carpets are the two major styles; every carpet is either a cut pile or a loop pile. So what about the carpets with fancy style names like frieze, Berber, or plush? These are all subcategories of cut or loop carpets Every carpet is cut or looped, but some carpets have other unique construction characteristics, such as twists or fiber height, that give them a special name. Cut pile carpets cut the yarn tips. These carpets gets its durability through the fiber used, the density of the tufts, and the twist of the yarn. Loop pile carpets do not cut the yarn tips, making the loops visible. They are durable in construction, and are considered an “all-purpose” carpet.  There are various styles to choose from including: level loop, patterned multi-level loop, and cut and loop Difference between the two types….

Cut pile carpets…:

Cut pile carpets… Plush: This has a smooth and even finish, providing a more formal look.  Textured: This style uses low density fibers of uneven heights. The resulting look hides dirt with an informal look, but it is not suited for high traffic areas.  Saxony: This has a smooth and even finish, but the fibers are longer than a textured plush, and the fibers have a twist. Though this is the most popular style of carpet on the market, it has a tendency to show footprints and other marks more than other carpets.

Slide 7:

Cable: This style of carpet is made with thicker and longer fibers to provide a more “cozy” feel to the carpet when walked on. freeze: This carpet style features long fibers with more twists, so the resulting texture is informal. It hides foot prints and other marks easier than other carpets, but is generally not suited for high traffic areas. If the piles are longer, it is called “shag.” Friezes often mean a twisty, medium height that creates a less formal but perfect foundation for a variety of settings. Cut pile carpets…

Loop pile carpets….:

Loop pile carpets…. Level Loop or Berber : This carpet style features packed short looped fibers. This provides a durable surface for high trafficked areas with an informal appearance. Some color flecks in the fiber may make it easier to hide dirt, but the height of the fibers may make the seams more visible . Patterned Multi-Level Loop : This carpet style features loops of varying heights to create a texture and or pattern Cut and Loop : This carpet style is a mixture between cut pile and loop pile fibers. The variant makes for a textured appearance that is ideal for highly trafficked areas. As an added bonus, this type of carpet also hides dirt and stains.

Other types……:

O ther types …… Woven : The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or Berber. These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process. These are very famous in India, Pakistan and Arabia. Needle felts: These carpets are more technologically advanced. Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet. These carpets are normally found in commercial settings such as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic. :

Slide 10:

Knotted: On a  knotted pile  carpet the structural weft threads alternate with a supplementary weft that rises at right angles to the surface of the weave. This supplementary weft is attached to the warp by one of three knot types such as shag carpet which was popular in the 1970s, to form the pile or nap of the carpet. Knotting by hand is most prevalent in oriental rugs and carpets. Kashmir carpets are also hand-knotted. Tuffted : These are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. The pile is often sheared in order to achieve different texture s. flat weave  : A  flat weave  carpet is created by interlocking warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads. Types of oriental flat woven carpet include  kilim , soumak , plain weave, and tapestry weave.

Slide 11:

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