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Della Spearman-Assisting MinisterSmall Group Study Objectives: Small Group Study Objectives Summarize, i.e., tell the story of the chapter(s) or passages Identify themes (main ideas) of passages Using examples or illustrations, apply themes identified above to contemporary life and timesTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR An Explanation Chapters 1 and 2 are not poetry, but a historical prologue to the poem. The poem begins with Chapter 3 and ends at Chapter 42:6. The final eleven verses are not poetry but a historical epilogue to the poem. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR An Explanation Job did not know the divine counsel of God. Between Job’s trials and afflictions, a group of older men were giving advice on “why” these things were happening to Job. They knew nothing of God’s reasoning. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR An Explanation We are to see that when affliction comes, God has a reason. With reasons for his afflictions, there would have been no faith involved on his part. Job was not meant to know the reasons—and in this lies the message of the Book. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Central Message The central message is “Blessing Through Suffering” or, why do the godly suffer? The solution is found in the explanation of the prologue and in the blessing of God upon Job in the epilogue. The Book is a grand illustration of Romans 8:28 and of Hebrews 12:11. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR PROLOGUE— Chapters 1 & 2 DIALOGUE— Chapters 3—42: 6 EPILOGUE— Chapter 42:7-17 Job—devotion in prosperity 1:1-5 Satan—his lie and malignity 1:6-19 Job—his devotion in adveristy —1:20-22 Satan—his further malignity—2:1-8 Job—his devotion in extremity—2:9-13 Job—Opening Lamentation—C-3 FIRST TRIAD Eliphaz vs. Job— Chps . 4-7 Bildad vs. Job— Chps . 8-10 Zophar vs. Job— Chps . 11-14 SECOND TRIAD Eliphaz vs. Job— Chps . 15-17 Bildad vs. Job— Chps . 18-19 Zophar vs. Job— Chps . 20-21 THIRD TRIAD Eliphaz vs. Job— Chps . 22-24 Bildad vs. Job— Chps . 25-31 Elihu speaks— Chps . 32-37 God: Closing Intervention: Chapters 38-41 Job—his proven intergrity —42:7 Friends—their rebuke—42:8 Job—his trial ended 42:10 Family—restored 42:11 Job—his prsperity —42:12-17 Structure of BookTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR Job is Factual Ezekiel 14:14 states that Job is factual. Note also in the same Chapter, verses 16, 8, and 20. Since Noah and Daniel were real people would God use as an example two men who were real and a third who was fiction? Then James refers to Job in James 5:11. “Ye have heard of the patience of Job, etc.” SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Prologue—Chapters 1 and 2 You can see the conversation in these Chapters between God and Satan. This is a divine revelation of what happened just as we find elsewhere in Scripture. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR Things to Remember Satan is accountable to God. Satan is neither omnipresent nor omniscient. Only God has that power of knowing all and is always present. Satan can do nothing with God’s permission—Job 38:11. In every permission there is a limitation—Job 1:12; 2:6 SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue The main body of the Book is in dramatic form in three successive rounds or triads. There are six speakers—Job, Eliphaz , Bildad , Zophar , Elihu , and God. The central theme in the discussion is: “Why does Job suffer?” SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue Eliphaz —the first to come from afar to “console” Job. He delivers three speeches (see structure) and he is the oldest and wisest. He bases his argument on Experience . Notice: Chap. 4:8 and 5:17-27. Note also: Chap. 22:5-9 that Job must be suffering because of sin. (See 22:13). SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue Bildad —This “friend” is more severe in dialogue than Eliphaz . He bases his argument on Tradition —Chapters 8:8; 18:5-20. His theory is focused in Chapter 8:20—”God will not cast away a perfect man; neither will He uphold evil doers.” In Chapter 8:6 he infers that Job is a hypocrite. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue Zophar —He speaks only twice in the debate. In the third round he is replaced by Elihu . He bases his theory and argument on Assumption . He just assumes and pronounces as a dogmatist—he was dogmatic—notice Chapter 11:6 and 20:4. His narrow dogmatic opinion is in 20:5, “The triumphing of the wicked is short.” His theory is found in Chapter 11:6, “Know that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth .” SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue Job’s Response—Job refutes the theory of the three in the first round, that God always prospers the upright and punishes the sinner. Job is upright, yet he is afflicted. In the second triad, all three insist that the wicked always suffer and only the wicked. Job’s response is that the righteous suffer also. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue Job’s Response—In the third round the same theory is restated and Job declares his innocence of being wicked. He declares that the wicked often prosper in this world. Job was broken—Job 16:12-14 Job was melted—Job 23:10 Job was softened—Job 19:21 and 23:16 SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue Elihu —The approach is different and he tries to convince Job that he must become humble and teachable and more patient. He says Job is sinning because of suffering and not vise versa—Chapter 33:8-11 and 35:15-16. But Job needed more than a human voice and it came! SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Dialogue God—The Voice of the Whirlwind! In Chapters 38-41 God speaks. The Lord God speaks to Job about the power of God as compared to the littleness of man. In relation to the earth—Chapter 38:1-18 In relation to the heavens—Chapter 38:19-38 In relation to living beings—Chapter 38:39 through Chapter 39 In relation to special cases—Chapter 40 through 42:6 Clearly, the purpose of God is to bring Job to the end of himself. SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR The Epilogue—42:7-17 God spoke wrath upon the three “friends: because they had done as much damage to Job’s soul as Satan had done. God transforms, vindicates and restores Job: Transformation—”him will I accept”—v-8. Vindication—”my servant”—v-8. Restoration—”the Lord gave Job twice as much”-v-10. Let every godly sufferer “rest in the Lord and patiently wait for Him.” Psalm 37:7 SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR How much do YOU remember?? What are the three main divisions of the Book? Is Satan limited by God? Was the conversation between God and Satan real or fictional? Name the three “friends” of Job who gave him advice. What is the message of Job to you?THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR REFLECTION Have you ever asked God, “why” when you were faced with trials and tribulations? Is it easy to keep faith and hold steadfast in the Lord with negative friends around? SUMMARYTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR CONCLUSIONTHROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR: THROUGH THE BIBLE IN A YEAR References Stringfellow , Alan B. Through the Bible One Year: A 52-Lesson Introduction to the 66 Books of the Bible. United States of America: Virgil W. Hensley, 1988. Pgs. 63-66. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.