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Swine influenza virus (SIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs Slide 3: Swine Flu A Global Concern Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. It's named for a virus that pigs can get. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human. Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Slide 4: Swine flu Current Map Slide 5: Swine flu can begin with with Sudden symptoms of FEVER Aches Chills Tiredness Slide 6: May Preset with more severe symptoms Fever (usually high) Headache Muscle aches Chills Extreme tiredness Dry cough Runny nose may also occur but is more common in children than adults Stomach symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, may also occur but are more common in children than adults Donot self Diagnose Visit a Health Centre Slide 7: Yet no Vaccine available for Swine flu There are antiviral medicines you can take to prevent or treat swine flu. There is no vaccine available right now to protect against swine flu. You can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza Slide 8: CDC on Swine Flu Flu is a serious contagious disease. Each year in the United States, on average, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized and 36,000 people die from seasonal flu complication Slide 9: Prevention is the Best option Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use Slide 10: Hand washing a Top priority Washing your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners. Touching face regions can faster the Spread Avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Virus can spread this way in a faster way Slide 11: Keep safe distance from patients Trying to avoid close contact with sick people. Staying home from work or school if you are sick Slide 12: Avoid crowded placesmore so with young children Presenting with mild cold like symptoms - Take rest Slide 13: If you have flu like symptoms If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.) Keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick. While sick, limit contact with others to keep from infecting them. Slide 14: Using N95 mask reduces the Risk You can cut your risk of contracting the flu or other respiratory viruses by as much as 80 percent by wearing a mask over your nose and mouth, according to a new study. Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) . Donot forget to wash your hands after all these acts Slide 15: If you get seasonal or novel H1N1 flu, antiviral drugs can treat the flu. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaled powder) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. Antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. Anti viral drugs Slide 16: Anti Viral Drugs should be prescribed, Not a self Medication Antiviral drugs are not sold over-the-counter and are different from antibiotics. Antiviral drugs may be especially important for people who are very sick (hospitalized) or people who are sick with the flu and who are at increased risk of serious flu complications, such as pregnant women, young children and those with chronic health condition For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started within the first 2 days of symptoms Slide 17: No reason to panic –effective drugs are available The two antiviral drugs approved by the FDA for treatment and prophylaxis of the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus are Tami flu (oseltamivir phosphate) and Relenza (zanamivir). However, health experts caution against using them routinely for several reasons: the emergence of resistant strains when used in mild flu infections, its ineffectiveness when given more than 48 hours after the onset of flu, the presence of side-effects . Swine flu A great concern in India with > 1 billion population The WHO has raised the Influenza Pandemic Alert to the highest level which is 6. Already India has seen over 40 confirmed cases of Swine Flu and the threat of a full blown epidemic in India is very real. The best we citizens can do is keep ourselves informed about the happenings and the steps we can take to prevent the spread of the flu. Slide 18: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.