Bond Future Option Valuation Introduction

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Presentation Description

A bond future option is an option contract that gives the holder the right but not the obligation to buy or sell a bond future at a predetermined price. The writer/seller receives a premium from the buyer for undertaking this obligation. Options are leveraged instruments that allow the owner to control a large amount of the underlying asset with a smaller amount of money. Bond future options offer significant advantages for reducing costs, enhancing returns and managing risk. They could be European style or American style. This presentation provides an overview of bond future option product and valuation. You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/FiBondFutureOption.html

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Presentation Transcript

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Bond Future Option Valuation Guide David Lee FinPricing http://www.finpricing.com

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Bond Future Option Summary  Bond Future Option Introduction  The Use of Bond Future Options  Valuation – European Style  Valuation – American Style  Practical Guide  A Real World Example

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Bond Future Option Bond Future Option Introduction  A bond future option is an option contract that gives the holder the right but not the obligation to buy or sell a bond future at a predetermined price.  The writer/seller receives a premium from the buyer for undertaking this obligation.  Options are leveraged instruments that allow the owner to control a large amount of the underlying asset with a smaller amount of money.  Bond future options offer significant advantages for reducing costs enhancing returns and managing risk.  Bond future options could be European style or American style.

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Bond Future Option The Use of Bond Future Options  Bond futures options are also exchange traded derivatives on treasury instruments.  Bond future options provide market participants with the ability to adjust their interest rate exposures.  A bond future option is also a good tool for hedging income enhancement duration adjustments interest rate speculation and spread trading.  Investors use bond future options to hedge an existing portfolio against adverse interest rate movements or enhance the long-term performance.  Arbitrageurs profit from the price difference between the spot bonds and the bond futures.  Speculators use bond future option in the hope of making a profit on short-term movements in prices.

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Bond Future Option Valuation: European Style  The present value of a call bond future option is represented as: 0 Φ 1 − Φ 2  The present value of a put bond future option is represented as: 0 Φ− 2 − Φ− 1 where • 12 ± 2 2 • − Σ exp − / the forward clean price of the delivered bond CTD at time 0. • Σ − ≤ the summed present value of all coupons of the underlying bond between 0 and T. • K the strike.

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Bond Future Option Valuation: European Style Cont • N the notional. • T the option maturity date. • the discount factor. • CF the conversion factor for a bond to deliver in a bond futures contract. • A the accrual interest before T. • P the bond dirty price at 0. • the continuously compounded interest rate between t and T. • / the volatility of forward bond price.

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Bond Future Option Valuation Cont • the forward yield volatility of the CTD bond of the underlying futures. We use the swaption volatility • the implied volatility scaling factor. • y the forward yield that can be solved by − Σ − ≤≤ • the maturity of the underlying CTD bond • − ≤≤ − ≤≤ the forward modified duration of the CTD bond of the underlying futures

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Bond Future Option Valuation: American Style  We use the Cox-Ross-Rubinstein CRR binomial tree to price American bond future option.  Build forward bond price tree. 0 − Σ exp − / ∆ with probability 1− − ∆ ∆− − ∆ where ∆ / − ∆ with probability 1-p where j 1…m / is the volatility described above  After constructing the tree valuation is performed backward until the valuation date. The option value at node 0 is the present value of the bond future option.

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Bond Future Option Practical Guide  First compute the CTD forward bond price first.  Then determine the volatility of the forward bond price.  After that call Black formula for pricing European bond future options.  Or build binomial tree to value American bond future options.

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Bond Future Option A Real World Example Option Specification Future Specification Buy Sell Buy Contract Size 33333.33 Call Put Call Conversion Factor 0.8851 Currency USD First Delivery Date 6/1/2017 Option Maturity Date 5/26/2017 Last Delivery Date 6/30/2017 Option Expiry Date 5/26/2017 Future Ticker USM17 Strike 151 Future Ticker Size 32 Option Ticker USM17C 151 Future Ticker Value 31.25 Settlement Amount -173875 Number of Contract 52 Settlement Date 2/9/2017 Quote Price 3.34375 Trade Date 2/9/2017 Future Maturity Date 6/21/2017 Underlying Bond Type UST Underlying Bond Coupon 0.05 Underlying Bond Maturity Date 5/15/2037

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Thank You You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/FiBondFutureOption.html

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