Understanding Amortizing Bond and Accreting Bond

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An amortizing bond is a bond whose principal (face value) decreases due to repaying part of the principal along with the coupon payments. Each payment to the amortizing bond holder consists of a portion of interest and a portion of principal. While an accreting bond is a bond whose principal increases during the life of the deal. Each payment to the accreting bond holder is just a part of interest. The other part of coupon is added to the principal of the bond. An amortizing bond is used specifically for tax purposes as the amortized principal is treated as part of a company’s interest expense. An accreting bond is used to improve the profit of the existing bond and make it more marketable. Pension funds and insurance companies are major investors in accreting bonds. This presentation gives an overview of amortizing bonds and accreting bonds. You can more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/FiAmortizingBond.html

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Pricing Amortizing Bond and Accreting Bond David Lee FinPricing http://www.finpricing.com

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Amortizing Bond Summary  Amortizing Bond an Accreting Bond Introduction  The Use of Amortizing Bonds and Accreting Bonds  Valuation  Practical Guide  A Real World Example

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Amortizing Bond Amortizing Bond and Accreting Bond Introduction  An amortizing bond is a bond whose principal face value decreases due to repaying part of the principal along with the coupon payments.  Each payment to the amortizing bond holder consists of a portion of interest and a portion of principal.  An accreting bond is a bond whose principal increases during the life of the deal.  Each payment to the accreting bond holder is just a part of interest. The other part of coupon is added to the principal of the bond.

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Amortizing Bond The Use of Amortizing Bonds and Accreting Bonds  An amortizing bond is used specifically for tax purposes as the amortized principal is treated as part of a company’s interest expense.  The issuer credits the amortized principal amount to interest payable i.e. an accrued liability.  An accreting bond is used to improve the profit of the existing bond and make it more marketable.  Pension funds and insurance companies are major investors in accreting bonds.

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Amortizing Bond Valuation  The analytics are similar to a fixed rate bond except the principal amount used for each period may be different.  The present value of an amortizing bond or accreting bond is given by − + + − + 1 where t – the valuation date i – the i th cash flow from 1 to n – the continuous compounded interest rate for period – the coupon payment date of the i th cash flow s – the credit spread P – the principal amount or face value c – the coupon rate

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Amortizing Bond Practical Guide  The present value of a bond computed by any pricing models is the dirty price of the bond. To purchase a bond the buyer pays this dirty price.  Although investors pay dirty prices bonds are typically quoted in terms of clean prices. Dirty Price Clean Price + Accrued Interest  The Yield-To-Maturity Model is a good tool to compute the present value or the fair value of a bond. But it is very difficult to calculate risk such as term structure sensitivities that is more important than the fair value in trading hedging and risk management. Therefore we introduce the Credit Spread Model for computing both risk and fair value.  Intuitively −+ can be regarded as a credit risk adjusted discount factor.

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Amortizing Bond Practical Guide Cont  To use the model one should first calibrate the model price to the market quoted price by solving the credit spread. Comparing to curve construction or calibration for exotic products the solving here is very simple.  After making the model price equal to the market price one can calculate sensitivities by shocking interest rate curve and credit spread.  We use LIBOR curve plus credit spread rather than bond specific curves for discounting because bond specific curves rarely exist in the market especially issued by small entities. Using LIBOR curve plus credit spread not only accounts for credit/issuer risk but also solves the missing data issue.

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Amortizing Bond A Real World Example Bond Definition Principal Schedules Name Value Principal Start Date Buy Sell Buy 100 8/24/2009 Calendar TOR 98.75 5/31/2010 Coupon Type Fixed 97.5 11/30/2010 Currency CAD 95 5/31/2011 First Coupon Date 11/30/2009 92.5 11/30/2011 Interest Accrual Date 8/24/2009 90 5/31/2012 Issue Date 8/24/2009 87.5 11/30/2012 Last Coupon Date 5/31/2019 79 5/31/2013 Maturity Date 11/30/2019 70.5 11/30/2013 Settlement Lag 3 62 5/31/2014 Principal 100 53.5 11/30/2014 Pay Receive Receive 45 5/31/2015 Day Count dcAct365 36.5 11/30/2015 Payment Frequency 6M 28.75 5/31/2016 Coupon 0.0434 21 11/30/2016

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Thank You You can find more information at http://www.finpricing.com/lib/FiAmortizingBond.html

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