Misplaced_and_dangling_Modifiers

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"The most delicious meal I have ever eaten...":

"The most delicious meal I have ever eaten..." Coming home from a long shift at work, my wife greeted me at the front door of our house with a big warm hug and a smile. As we catch up with our day, I smelled the most alluring aroma coming from the kitchen. "I cooked up something special for us today", she announced excitedly. I follow my nose to the kitchen to find a delicious collection of shrimp, rice, clams, slices of beef and vegetables surrounding a big bubbling pot in the center of our table. Eyes wide open and nostrils flaring, my mouth immediately floods with salivation as I gaze at the most appetizing view. We sit at the table already prepped with plates, silverware, napkins and a pair of ladles. The pot in the center of the table is angry with boiling solution. The plump shrimp and slices of savory beef are still cold and fresh in their packages while the mushrooms, onions and carrots have been chopped to pairs of dice. The clams are nestled neatly in a bowl of ice and the rice is steaming from a tall bowl awaiting consumption. Finally, we gently place a few slices of beef and shrimp into the pot with the ladles for our first taste. To my surprise, the food only takes a few minutes to heat in the pot before it is fully cooked. With my ladle, I fish out the shrimp and slices of beef and plant them in my mouth. A delicious fireworks display sets off immediately!

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The beef melts in my mouth without any real effort of chewing, while the shrimp mimics a velvety texture. I load the ladle with vegetables and dunk it in the pot for my next fixing. After a few moments, I am overwhelmed with savory mounds of organic goodness. As I absorb the luscious delicacies I am taken into nirvana, then I take a moment to organize my thoughts as my brain is overloaded with sensory pleasure. I try the clams and the rice next, without disappointment, I get sent off into a roller coaster ride of flavors. The clams are silky in texture as they slide around my throat. The rice is warm and wholesome as the grains it was harvest from. The soup is abounding with spices and herbs that tickle my mouth as they dance with my tongue. My brain gets rocketed into another world as it tries to make sense of all the variety of tastes and smells as I continuously bombard myself uncontrollably with food. After what seemed like an everlasting event, we finished a feast. My brain and the sensory neurons from my tongue have been exhausted as they had never experienced such a sensation. My stomach is at full capacity but humbled as it hugs my hips for the pleasing event. My wife had prepared a master piece symphony. This has been the most delicious meal I have ever eaten. Hugo Villarreal

"The most delicious meal I have ever eaten...":

"The most delicious meal I have ever eaten..." Coming home from a long shift at work, my wife greeted me at the front door of our house with a big warm hug and a smile. As we catch up with our da y, I smelled the most alluring aroma coming from the kitchen. "I cooked up something special for us today", she announced excitedly. I follow my nose to the kitchen to find a delicious collection of shrimp, rice, clams, slices of beef and vegetables surrounding a big bubbling pot in the center of our table. Eyes wide open and nostrils flaring, my mouth immediately floods with salivation as I gaze at the most appetizing view. We sit at the table already prepped with plates, silverware, napkins and a pair of ladles . The pot in the center of the table is angry with boiling solution . The plump shrimp and slices of savory beef are still cold and fresh in their packages while the mushrooms, onions and carrots have been chopped to pairs of dice. The clams are nestled neatly in a bowl of ice and the rice is steaming from a tall bowl awaiting consumption. Finally, we gently place a few slices of beef and shrimp into the pot with the ladles for our first taste. To my surprise, the food only takes a few minutes to heat in the pot before it is fully cooked. With my ladle, I fish out the shrimp and slices of beef and plant them in my mouth. A delicious fireworks display sets off immediately!

PowerPoint Presentation:

The beef melts in my mouth without any real effort of chewing , while the shrimp mimics a velvety texture. I load the ladle with vegetables and dunk it in the pot for my next fixing. After a few moments, I am overwhelmed with savory mounds of organic goodness . As I absorb the luscious delicacies I am taken into nirvana, then I take a moment to organize my thoughts as my brain is overloaded with sensory pleasure . I try the clams and the rice next, without disappointment, I get sent off into a roller coaster ride of flavors. The clams are silky in texture as they slide around my throat . The rice is warm and wholesome as the grains it was harvest from. The soup is abounding with spices and herbs that tickle my mouth as they dance with my tongue. My brain gets rocketed into another world as it tries to make sense of all the variety of tastes and smells as I continuously bombard myself uncontrollably with food . After what seemed like an everlasting event , we finished a feast. My brain and the sensory neurons from my tongue have been exhausted as they had never experienced such a sensation. My stomach is at full capacity. My wife had prepared a master piece symphony. This has been the most delicious meal I have ever eaten. Hugo Villarreal

Modifiers:

Modifiers

What are modifiers?:

What are modifiers? words or word groups that modify or describe something in a sentence can be adjectives (which describe nouns and pronouns), adverbs (which describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs), prepositional phrases , ing or ed word groups, or dependent clauses .

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Examples: The child wanted a red balloon. ( Red is an adjective modifying the noun balloon .) The panther moved swiftly through the grass. ( Swiftly is an adverb modifying the verb moved .) The panther moved swiftly through the grass . ( Through the grass is a prepositional phrase modifying the verb moved .) The man in the yellow sweater is the thief. ( In the yellow sweater is a prepositional phrase modifying the noun man. The phrase also contains an adjective, yellow , which is modifying the noun sweater .)

The woman flying that plane used to do search and rescue work in the Yukon. (Flying that plane is an ing word group modifying the noun woman.) The clothing lines produced by some designers are very expensive. (Produced by some designers is an ed word group modifying the noun lines.) :

The woman flying that plane used to do search and rescue work in the Yukon. ( Flying that plane is an ing word group modifying the noun woman .) The clothing lines produced by some designers are very expensive . ( Produced by some designers is an ed word group modifying the noun lines .)

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Lester B. Pearson, who was Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968 , was the first Canadian to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. ( Who was Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968 is a dependent clause modifying the noun Lester B. Pearson .) When you have finished with that book , may I borrow it? ( When you have finished with that book is a dependent clause modifying the verb may borrow .)

Errors in the Use of Modifiers:

Errors in the Use of Modifiers Misplaced modifiers are modifiers that are in the wrong place in the sentence so that they are modifying the wrong word. Example: Mother gave the cake to the homeless man that she had baked and iced yesterday . Correction : Mother gave the homeless man the cake that she had baked and iced yesterday .

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We watched the tree come crashing down with bated breath . Corrections : With bated breath , we watched the tree come crashing down. OR We watched with bated breath as the tree came crashing down. Scurrying into the hole in the baseboard , Melissa spotted a tiny gray field mouse. Correction : Melissa spotted a tiny gray field mouse scurrying into the hole in the baseboard .

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H ow to Correct Misplaced Modifiers Follow these suggested steps when revising a misplaced modifier: Determine who or what is being described in the modifying phrase. Make sure that there is a word in the sentence to serve as the subject for the modifier. Place the modifier next to the word or phrase that it describes.

Errors in the Use of Modifiers:

Errors in the Use of Modifiers Dangling modifiers are modifiers that have no word to which they can be correctly attached. Very often, they are ing or ed word groups at the beginning of a sentence. Example: Having leaped out of a second-story window , her leg was broken by the fall. (A leg cannot leap out of a second-story window. This ing word group is modifying the subject leg when it should be modifying a noun such as girl or woman , which does not appear in the sentence.)

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Corrections : Having leaped out of a second-story window, the girl suffered a broken leg in the fall. OR When the girl leaped out of a second-story window, she broke her leg in the fall.

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When opened, a snapshot fell out. ( A snapshot cannot be opened. The ed word group is modifying the subject snapshot when it should be modifying a word like envelope or book . In this case, the modifier needs to be reworded.) Corrections : When the book was opened, a snapshot fell out. When I opened the envelope, a snapshot fell out.

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In a red satin gown spangled with sequins, David was captivated by her beauty. (David was probably not wearing a red satin gown spangled with sequins. This word group is modifying the subject David when it was intended to refer to the beautiful woman.) Correction : Catching sight of Maria in a red satin gown spangled with sequins, David was captivated by her beauty.

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Correcting dangling modifiers: 1. Name the appropriate or logical doer of the action as the subject of the main clause: Having arrived late for practice, a written excuse was needed. (Who arrived late? This sentence says that the written excuse arrived late. To revise, decide who actually arrived late. The possible revision might look like this: Having arrived late for practice, the team captain needed a written excuse. The main clause now names the person (the captain) who did the action in the modifying phrase (arrived late).

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2. Change the phrase that dangles into a complete introductory clause by naming the doer of the action in that clause: Without knowing his name, it was difficult to introduce him. Who didn't know his name? This sentence says that "it" didn't know his name. To revise, decide who was trying to introduce him. The revision might look something like this: Because Maria did not know his name, it was difficult to introduce him. The phrase is now a complete introductory clause; it does not modify any other part of the sentence, so is not considered "dangling."

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3. Combine the phrase and main clause into one: To improve his results, the experiment was done again. Who wanted to improve results? This sentence says that the experiment was trying to improve its own results. To revise, combine the phrase and the main clause into one sentence. The revision might look something like this: He improved his results by doing the experiment again.

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