Pesticide Exposure

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PESTICIDE use and EXPOSURE:

PESTICIDE use and EXPOSURE Danielle Joyner Global Environmental Health Professor Jack Caravanos 11/21/2016

Purpose:

Purpose This presentation will discuss Global Pesticide use, National Pesticide use and the effects exposure can have due to the use of these pesticides. It will also explore how important it is to monitor, regulate, and enforce rules to prevent exposure and incidents as much as possible. It will display the severity of the health outcomes when contaminated products make it into our population.

Table of Contents :

Table of Contents Summary Global Pesticide Use United States Pesticide Use Residue Tolerance Violations Data (Global and Domestic ) Pesticide Exposure and Incident Data Incident Severity Index Data References

Pesticides?:

Pesticides? P esticides are chemicals that are sprayed on food to destroy insects or other organisms, such as fungi. It is used to destroy them, because they can be harmful to cultivated plants or animals. The use of pesticides globally and domestically can have adverse effects on a population. Those exposed can become acutely, moderately, or severely ill. Exposure can also result in death. Humans are exposed through ingestion of contaminated food. As an occupational hazard, they are also exposed through dermal contact, inhalation and other methods. Pesticides are heavily used in agriculture to preserve food during transport into and within the United States. Humans are exposed to pesticides through food by what is called pesticide residue. T he US Environmental Protection Agency determines how much residue is allowed to stay on food, called the Pesticide Tolerance, which is monitored by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA regularly monitors the tolerance for domestic and internationally imported agricultural commodities and processed foods. The United States Department of Agriculture through the Pesticide Data Program, monitors and regulates tolerances for domestic and internationally imported meat, poultry and some egg products. Exposure to pesticides have been known to cause cancer, neurological problems, and immune system issues when humans or animals are exposed.

Global Pesticide Use Pesticides are used globally and the pesticides as well as their residues can expose humans and animals. Those exposed suffer from acute pesticide- related illnesses. Symptoms can be temporary nervous system damage, gastrointestinal illness, headaches, and physical effects, such as weakness. :

Global Pesticide Use Pesticides are used globally and the pesticides as well as their residues can expose humans and animals. Those exposed suffer from acute pesticide- related illnesses. Symptoms can be temporary nervous system damage, gastrointestinal illness, headaches, and physical effects, such as weakness. EPA

United States Pesticide Use U.S. Percent of Global Usage: 2000: 23% 2001: 24% 2006: 22% 2007: 22%:

United States Pesticide Use U.S. Percent of Global Usage: 2000: 23% 2001: 24% 2006: 22% 2007: 22% EPA

Residue Tolerance Violations In 2013, The FDA released their annual report from the Pesticide Monitoring Program. International imports violate the residue tolerance more than domestic imports, which can increase the likelihood of pesticide poisoning for anyone who ingests it.:

Residue Tolerance Violations In 2013, The FDA released their annual report from the Pesticide Monitoring Program. International imports violate the residue tolerance more than domestic imports, which can increase the likelihood of pesticide poisoning for anyone who ingests it.

Pesticide Exposure and Incident Data The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) creates an annual report with data collected from individuals who reach out to them seeking information or who report incidents or exposures. They also receive information from participating states who report their incidents. Based on their 2015 Annual Report, there were 2,367 reported exposures and 512 reported incidents. :

Pesticide Exposure and Incident Data The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) creates an annual report with data collected from individuals who reach out to them seeking information or who report incidents or exposures. They also receive information from participating states who report their incidents. Based on their 2015 Annual Report, there were 2,367 reported exposures and 512 reported incidents.

Incident Severity Index The severity index is an estimate by the NPIC as to the severity of signs/symptoms reported for incidents. In 2015, of all human incidents based on the severity index; 595 were minor, 172 were moderate, 7 were major, 2 resulted in death, 84 were unknown, and 554 were asymptomatic. :

Incident Severity Index The severity index is an estimate by the NPIC as to the severity of signs/symptoms reported for incidents. In 2015, of all human incidents based on the severity index; 595 were minor, 172 were moderate, 7 were major, 2 resulted in death, 84 were unknown, and 554 were asymptomatic.

References:

References "Acute Pesticide-Related Illnesses Charting Tool." Centers for Disease Control . N.p ., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2016 . Alavanja , Michael C. R. "Introduction: Pesticides Use and Exposure, Extensive Worldwide." Reviews on Environmental Health 24.4 (2009): n. pag . Web . Agriculture, United States Department Of. "Pesticide Data Program 2015 Annual Summary." 2015 Annual Summary (2016): 1-21. United States Department of Agriculture . Pesticide Data Program. Web. 18 Nov. 2016 . EPA, Office Of Pesticide Programs" "2006 and 2007 Market Estimates." Pesticide Industry Sales and Usage Report: 2006 and 2007 Market Estimates ( n.d. ): n. pag . Environmental Protection Agency . Environmental Protection Agency. Web. 18 Nov. 2016. EPA, Office Of Pesticide Programs" "2000 and 2001 Market Estimates." Pesticide Industry Sales and Usage Report: 2000 and 2001 Market Estimates ( n.d. ): n. pag . Environmental Protection Agency . Environmental Protection Agency. Web. 18 Nov. 2016 . National Pesticide Information Center. "NPIC 2015 Annual Report." (2016): n. pag . National Pesticide Information Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016. " 2013 Annual Report." Pesticide Monitoring Program Fiscal Year 2013 Pesticide Report ( n.d. ): n. pag . Food and Drug Administration. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

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