CH08_2_Ordinal_numbers

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The ordinal numbers (Los números ordinales) Éste es mi primer viaje a Machu Picchu. La primera vez, ¿eh? Te va a gustar mucho.

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The ordinal numbers Ordinal numbers vs. cardinal numbers Ordinal numbers are those that refer to the order of things, that is, first, second, third, and so on. It may help to remember that ord inal refers to ord er. Cardinal numbers, by contrast, are those that are used for counting: one, two, three, and so on. It may be useful to think c ardinal means c ounting. In Spanish, ordinal numbers beyond tenth are rarely used in everyday speech or writing. The ordinal numbers first through tenth are shown on the following slide.

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primero/a segundo/a tercero/a cuarto/a quinto/a first second third fourth fifth sexto/a séptimo/a octavo/a noveno/a décimo/a sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth The ordinal numbers Plural forms exist as well (primeros, primeras, quintos, quintas, etc.), but are less frequently used.

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primer 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 segundo tercer cuarto quinto sexto séptimo octavo noveno décimo el el el el el el el el el el To simplify our understanding of ordinal numbers, let’s start with a series of ten zeroes and number them from left to right. Ordinal numbers agree in gender and number. Cero is, of course, a masculine noun. Note that primero and tercero shorten to primer and tercer , respectively, before a masculine singular noun. cero cero cero cero cero cero cero cero cero cero

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primer 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 segundo tercer cuarto quinto sexto séptimo octavo noveno décimo el el el el el el el el el el When the noun, in this case cero , is omitted, the ordinal numbers become pronouns. Notice that primer and tercer now revert to their full forms, primero and tercero . In English, we would say “the first, the second,” etc., instead of “the first zero, the second zero,” etc. cero cero cero cero cero cero cero cero cero cero o o

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primer a segund a tercer a cuart a quint a sext a séptim a octav a noven a décim a la la la la la la la la la la Note that none of the feminine forms has a shortened form. equis equis equis equis equis equis equis equis equis equis X X X X X X X X X X For the feminine forms of the ordinal numbers, we’ll use a series of ten of the letter equis , a feminine noun.

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primer a segund a tercer a cuart a quint a sext a séptim a octav a noven a décim a la la la la la la la la la la Note that none of the feminine forms has a shortened form. equis equis equis equis equis equis equis equis equis equis X X X X X X X X X X Thus, all ten of the pronominal forms are the same as the adjectival forms.

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X X X décima equis equis once equis doce la la la . . . (la undécima equis) (la duodécima equis) etcétera . . . From eleventh on, we revert to the use of the cardinal numbers , etcétera . . . Numbers after décimo/décima although ordinal numbers beyond tenth exist .

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Numbers after décimo/décima In everyday speech or writing: Notice the following example La pareja celebró su aniversario veinticinco . In technical, literary, or documentary terms: La pareja celebró su vigésimo quinto aniversario. The couple celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary. In these cases, the cardinal number follows the noun . . . . . . whereas the ordinal number precedes the noun.

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Examples of ordinal number usage Clarita compró el segundo vestido. Éstas son las primeras rebajas del año. La tienda está en el tercer piso. Es el primer mostrador a la izquierda. Clarita bought the second dress. These are the first sales of the year. The store is on the third floor. It’s the first counter to the left.

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Carlos V Ordinal numbers are also used with the names of famous people, such as kings or other leaders. Notice that the ordinal numbers are capitalized in these cases. Carlos Quinto Enrique VIII Enrique Octavo Alfonso XIII Alfonso Trece BUT : Remember, above tenth we revert to cardinal numbers.

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