CH03_1_The_numbers_101-3.000.000

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The numbers 101–3.000.000

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we simply start with the numbers two, three, four, etc. . . . The multiples of one hundred We already know that one hundred is . . . cien To form the multiples of one hundred, dos tres and add cientos cientos cientos cuatro cientos cinco Five hundred, seven hundred and nine hundred are exceptions. We don’t say cincocientos , but rather . . . quinientos * 100 200 300 400 500

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The multiples of one hundred seis ocho cientos cientos siete We don’t say sietecientos , but rather . . . setecientos * nueve We don’t say nuevecientos , but rather . . . novecientos * mil 600 700 800 900 1000 Notice that we simply say “thousand,” not “one thousand.” ( mil , not un mil )

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100 101 cien cien to uno cien = 100 even 110 cien to diez ciento quince , etc. 115 cien > cien to with any number over 100 even Notice that “y” ( and ) is not used between the hundreds’ and tens’ places . The larger numbers

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ciento treinta y uno ciento cincuenta y siete 1 31 1 57 The larger numbers “Y” is used, however, between the tens ’ and ones ’ places when there is a digit other than 0 in the tens’ place.

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248 591 888 doscientos cuarenta y ocho quinientos noventa y uno ochocientos ochenta y ocho The larger numbers See if you can write and say the following numbers in Spanish.

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dos mil siete mil veinte mil cien mil quinientos mil The multiples of one thousand mil 1000 2000 7000 20.000 100.000 500.000 The multiples of one thousand are formed simply by the counting numbers two, three, seven, etc. plus mil . Mil is invariable when used for counting. (Remember, one thousand is just mil .) Notice that a decimal point is used with large numbers instead of a comma as in English.

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1492 fourteen hundred ninety-two The larger numbers With one thousand and its multiples in combination with hundreds, we must spell and read the number starting with the number of thousands and then the number of hundreds, since there is no way in Spanish to say fourteen hundred, thirty-five hundred, etc. mil cuatrocientos noventa y dos (one thousand four hundred ninety-two) In English we can say: In Spanish we must say:

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1810 2525 mil ochocientos diez dos mil quinientos veinticinco 1789 mil setecientos ochenta y nueve 3008 tres mil ocho The larger numbers–some practice

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1984 1111 mil novecientos ochenta y cuatro mil ciento once 2001 dos mil uno 9090 nueve mil noventa 1100 mil cien The larger numbers–some practice

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999.999 1.000.000 2.000.000 3.000.000 novecientos noventa y nueve mil novecientos noventa y nueve un millón dos millones tres millones As opposed to one thousand, one million is expressed with the indefinite article un . Multiples of one million are expressed with the counting number and the plural form millones . Notice that the plural form loses the written accent. The larger numbers

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uno dos tres cuatro veinte cuarenta cien doscientos quinientos mil tres mil un millón cien millones etc. Counting numbers are always invariable

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1 2 the multiples of one hundred un, una But some numbers agree in gender when used as adjectives 740.361 libr os setecient os cuarenta mil trescient os sesenta y un libros 740.361 plum as setecient as cuarenta mil trescient as sesenta y una plumas

The numbers as adjectives:

The numbers as adjectives millón, millones + de before a noun BUT only with round numbers . 87.000.000 libros ochenta y siete millones de libros BUT . . . 87.000.022 libros Millón and millones are followed by de when used with a noun. ochenta y siete millones veintidós libros

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