Driving Safety : Driving Safety Driving Safety : Driving Safety How safe are our roads?
Driving injuries-on or off the job
Unsafe acts behind the wheel
Driving under the influence
Vehicle safety features
Did you know? How safe are our roads? : How safe are our roads? 1995 data for the U.S.
5 deaths and 260 disabling injuries per hour
The # of deaths & # deaths/mile jumps in June, and peaks in August.
Friday (especially evening/night hours) has more fatal accidents than any other day
What about Arizona?
Arizona had the 2nd worst fatality record in the nation (deaths/miles driven), second to Mississippi. Driving injuries - on or off the job : Driving injuries - on or off the job The most hazardous environment
For most of us, whether on or off the job, it is on the road.
We face it daily.
A recent report from another AlliedSignal site:
A manager was beginning a business trip
Was driving from his house to the airport on the freeway
Was shaving and looking into the rearview mirror
Saw (in peripheral vision) something cut in front of him
Reacted by steering to the right, driving off the freeway and hitting a tree
Result was a broken hip Unsafe acts behind the wheel : Unsafe acts behind the wheel Shaving
Putting on make-up
Reading a map
Reaching behind you to spank kids
Not using a seatbelt
Driving under the influence Driving at an unsafe speed
Failing to stop or yield
Unsafe passing of another vehicle
Not using blinkers
Others? *Though perhaps in a different category, eating when driving and using cell phones can compromise your response time by distracting you and by removing one hand from the steering wheel. Driving under the influence (DUI) : Driving under the influence (DUI) Alcohol was involved in 41% of all traffic fatalities in ‘94
About 2 in every 5 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic accident at some time in their lives
Remember the one-one rule: one drink per hour (Your body takes about an hour to rid itself of each 1/2 ounce of alcohol)
Progress in this arena:
A social stigma has been building against drinking & driving
Many social drinkers are being more responsible “Road rage” : “Road rage” Road rage is driving under the influence of too much anger.
Feeling endangered by someone else’s driving (another driver cuts you off or tailgates you).
Resentment at being forced to slow down
Righteous indignation at someone who breaks traffic rules
Anger at someone taking out their road rage on you
Therapy for road rage:
Take a deep breath and just let it go! Unsafe conditions : Unsafe conditions Poor visibility
Night time driving (Fatality rates/mile are 4 times higher at night.)
Windshield wipers not effective
Poor road conditions
Slippery surfaces from weather
Road not properly maintained Improper vehicle maintenance
Worn tread on tires
Other? Vehicle safety features : Vehicle safety features Daytime running lights
(Headlights that are on whenever vehicle is running)
Lap/shoulder safety belts
Reduce risk of moderate-to-fatal injuries by approximately 50%.
Air bags for driver & passenger
Combined with lap/shoulder belts, they reduce risk of fatality by another 10%.
Side impact airbags
Ability to disengage airbags Child safety seats
Note: Children in child seats should not be placed in the front seat of cars
Safety cages built into the vehicle framework
If buying a new car, ask about side-impact collision data.
Other? Did you know? : Did you know? When driving on a road that is new to you:
You eyes tend to scan the road from left to right which is an excellent driving habit.
We tend not to scan when in familiar territory.
How closely can you safely follow another car?
We tend to follow based on how much of the road we can see
A long hood causes us to follow at a greater distance (since you have to look over the hood to see the street).
Drivers with shorter hoods tend to follow more closely
Use the 2 or 4 second rule
Good driving conditions, keep a 2 second distance behind
Poor driving conditions, keep a 4 second distance behind