crisis intervention-grief counseling

Category: Education

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Crisis Intervention:Grief Counseling : 

Crisis Intervention:Grief Counseling Cynthia Vasquez

What is a Crisis? : 

What is a Crisis? There are normally four different categories of crisis Death of a student, staff member, or community member Environmental (Flood, Fire, Earthquake, etc.) Threat to physical safety of students, such as a school bus accident. Situation involving a threat to students emotional well being brought on by events such as bomb threats or hate crimes.

Deaths at School : 

Deaths at School According to the CDC,1 out of every 1500-2000 students die or are killed each year. Most frequent cause of student deaths are accidents, homicides, and suicides.

Immediate Response : 

Immediate Response Be calm, direct, and informative. Encourage students to deal with facts related to the event. Give accurate information and explanations of what happened. Talk with students about their emotions Convey a sense of hope and positive expectation.

Determining Degree of Trauma : 

Determining Degree of Trauma Asking the following questions will help School Counselor/School Psychologist anticipate the amount of emotional trauma: Who was the person and were they a popular member of the student body? What happened? Murder, suicide, serious illness? Have there been other tragedies that have impacted the school lately? Who was the perpetrator.

If Death Occurs During School : 

If Death Occurs During School Hand deliver a memorandum to all teachers. Give all teachers the facts about the tragedy as well as instructions on how to share information with students. Students who were not close to the victim should remain in class. Use the school’s public address system if possible.

If Death was a Suicide : 

If Death was a Suicide Avoid glamorizing the event to discourage other students from doing it. Don’t dismiss school or encourage funeral attendance during school hours. Don’t dedicate a memorial to the deceased. Don’t have a large school assembly. Do provide students with facts. Do emphasize that no one is to blame for the suicide. Do emphasize that help is available. Do contact the family of the deceased.

Counselor’s/School Psychologist’s Role : 

Counselor’s/School Psychologist’s Role Be available. Cancel other activities. Locate counseling assistance within the community. Provide individual and group counseling. Contact parents of affected students with suggestions for support. Follow the schedule of the deceased and visit classrooms of close friends. Support the faculty by providing counseling as needed. Keep records of affected students and provide follow-up services.

Follow-Up : 

Follow-Up Continue communicating with students. Update facts, clear up rumors, provide closure Contact family to get more details on services. Continue to monitor students most affected by crisis and provide them with outside referrals if needed. Hold a debriefing meeting.

References : 

References National Association of School Psychologists United States Department of Justice

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