QUESTIONING SKILLS: A Presentation By T.K.Ghosh QUESTIONING SKILLS Why Use Questioning?: Why Use Questioning? Get students engaged with the subject Develop rapport between teacher and student Stimulate critical thinking Add variety to the class Assess student learning Contact is the key! QUESTIONING METHODS: QUESTIONING METHODS OPEN/CLOSE QUESTIONS: OPEN/CLOSE QUESTIONS Open Questions Demand as much information as possible Disguise what you are getting at Close Questions Want to get precise answer Want details Want commitment USAGE OPEN/CLOSE QUESTIONS: OPEN/CLOSE QUESTIONS Why What Who When Where How HOW TO OPEN/CLOSE QUESTIONS: OPEN/CLOSE QUESTIONS Open What is knowledge? What does it mean to know something? Is all knowledge the same? Close Do you need Help? Can you measure the length with a vernier caliper? EXAMPLES PROBING QUESTIONS: PROBING QUESTIONS USAGE PROBING QUESTIONS: PROBING QUESTIONS HOW TO PROBING QUESTIONS: PROBING QUESTIONS What do you need to make this tool move horizontally? What do exactly mean by unlimited usage? When is it exactly going to be ready? What do you mean by “no one showed up”? EXAMPLES LEADING QUESTIONS: LEADING QUESTIONS USAGE LEADING QUESTIONS: LEADING QUESTIONS HOW TO LEADING QUESTIONS: LEADING QUESTIONS You can get either get the advanced version at a cost or get the simpler but cheaper version? EXAMPLES INSPIRING QUESTIONS: INSPIRING QUESTIONS USAGE INSPIRING QUESTIONS: INSPIRING QUESTIONS HOW TO INSPIRING QUESTIONS: INSPIRING QUESTIONS EXAMPLES BASIC QUESTIONING: BASIC QUESTIONING Master this technique, and use it as your standard! BASIC QUESTIONING: BASIC QUESTIONING Use for conceptually challenging questions. BASIC QUESTIONING: BASIC QUESTIONING Use for conceptually challenging questions and when you need a fast answer. BASIC QUESTIONING: BASIC QUESTIONING Use for simple but important points that everyone should know cold. USE SILENCE: USE SILENCE Ask and then wait……… Benefits USE APPLE: USE APPLE Preconditions for Effective Questioning: Preconditions for Effective Questioning Preplan most of the questions you will ask in class. Know your students (names and personalities) . Be willing to take a risk. Be willing to assume a leadership role in the classroom. Responding to Students’ Answers : Responding to Students’ Answers Listen carefully. Separate the wheat from the chaff : Affirm and praise the wheat. Ignore the chaff C orrect errors only when necessary to prevent problems or misconceptions later. Be positive. Remember why you’re asking questions! When a Student asks a Question…: When a Student asks a Question… Repeat or clarify it, if necessary. Whenever possible, help the student answer the question herself. Ask other students to answer the question. Defer until later, if appropriate. Answer it yourself, only as a last resort… …but never let a student’s question go unanswered. A Good Answer Is...: A Good Answer Is... Accurate Direct Efficient Clear Positive Be willing to say “I don’t know”… …but be so well prepared that you never have to say “I don’t know.” What if a Student Says:: What if a Student Says: “I Don’t Know” As a General Rule Don’t Let Them Off The Hook PowerPoint Presentation: firstname.lastname@example.org References: Lowman, J., Mastering the Techniques of Teaching, Jossey-Bass Publishers, (1995). Wankat, P., and F. Oreovicz, Teaching Engineering, New York, McGraw-Hill, (1993).