Creating Restorative Enviroments

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Public Gardens as Healing Environments:

Public Gardens as Healing Environments The Enid A. Haupt Glass Garden: Case Study Nancy Chambers, HTR

People with Special Needs:

People with Special Needs

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Gardens are Sanctuaries Peace Tranquility Solace

Horticultural Therapy:

Horticultural Therapy Social Functioning Psychological Functioning Physical functioning Cognitive/Educational

Enid Haupt Glass Garden:

Enid Haupt Glass Garden

Conservatory:

Conservatory Opened 1959 1,700 Sq.Ft 4 rooms Displays

Perennial Garden:

Perennial Garden 1991 4,500 square feet

Children’s PlayGarden:

Children’s PlayGarden

Outreach Initiatives for Adults:

Outreach Initiatives for Adults Nursing Homes Day Facilities Clubs Senior Centers Alzheimer's and Dementia

Outreach - Children:

Outreach - Children

Outreach - Children:

Outreach - Children Nursery Schools-El Ber, UN School Day Care Facilities Special Needs Schools – District 75, Rebecca School (Autistic Children) Special Camps Bellevue NYU Child Study Center Norman Thomas High School

Vocational Programs:

Vocational Programs

Rewards:

Rewards Community relevance $ Prestige New partnerships Opportunities New vision Publicity

Thank You:

Thank You Nancy Chambers chambersmith@aol.com

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Serving the Entire Population in a Public Garden Barb Kreski, director of horticultural therapy services

Who we are talking about::

Aging baby boomers Increasing numbers of children and adults with sensory processing differences Who we are talking about:

Why we are focusing on them::

Economic impact Largest minority group $200 billion annually in spending power Customer service impact Public relations impact ADA compliance is not enough Why we are focusing on them:

Conditions associated with aging:

Conditions associated with aging Visual acuity and fine motor control decline

Conditions associated with aging:

Conditions associated with aging The consequences of a fall are more serious. Fear of falling rises.

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Conditions associated with aging:

Conditions associated with aging Sensitivity to temperature and sunlight increases

Sensory Processing Disorders:

Sensory Processing Disorders A “glitch” in receiving, interpreting or responding to information from your senses Results in unexpected behavior Includes some people with autism, ADD, PTSD, and psychiatric illness 35

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36 Guidelines for pro-active steps towards welcoming these individuals and their families

Proactive steps::

Design Exceeding ADA requirements Programming Staff training Multiple modes of interpretation Proactive steps:

Reactive steps::

Reactive steps: Create safety with as little physical handling of visitor as possible Keep speech minimal: “telegram” Say what TO DO; avoid saying what NOT to do

Discern ambient conditions:

Discern ambient conditions Look for a source of a stimulus that you may not have been aware of Buzzing; beeping Smells Visual distortions due to too much or too little light

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M · T · R LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS Creating Welcoming Garden Environments for Children with Disabilities Kara Roggenkamp, RLA, ASLA May 21, 2013

Enabling Garden at the Chicago Botanic Garden:

Enabling Garden at the Chicago Botanic Garden Photo credit: Chicago Botanic Garden

Topics for Today :

Topics for Today 1. Who are we designing for? 2. Why contact with nature is important 3. Key elements of outdoor spaces 4.Examples from sensory gardens at two schools 5. Relevance for public gardens

Who are we designing for? [ “children with disabilities” ]:

Who are we designing for? [ “children with disabilities” ]

Students at Pioneer Education Center:

Students at Pioneer Education Center Kelvin April

Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children:

Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children Shayna Abby Kaylie and Isabella

But we’re also designing for…:

But we’re also designing for… Teachers/ Therapists/ Staff Parents & Families Community At WPSBC: Classroom teams consist of a certified teacher of the visually impaired , occupational therapist , physical therapist , speech and language pathologist , orientation and mobility instructor , behavior support specialist , nurse and para-educators .

Pioneer – Client Goals:

Pioneer – Client Goals Add more sensory variety to outdoor environment Places to sit Hands-on gardening Water Shade “More to do”

WPSBC – Client Goals:

WPSBC – Client Goals Orientation & Mobility instruction Multi- sensory environment that would encourage students to use their senses of touch, smell, and hearing. Place for students, staff & parents to relax and enjoy the outdoors Wheelchair accessible swing Varying ground surfaces Water feature Street light crossing/ traffic light Auditory and tactile features Scented plants Various stations or stops along the trail Facts/history of the school to tie into the 125 year anniversary.

The Special Qualities of the Outdoor Environment:

The Special Qualities of the Outdoor Environment Smells Sounds Sunlight and shade Freedom to move Larger scale Open-ended & unpredictable Seasonal change Birds, insects, animals “Loose parts” for play “Children live through their senses.” – Robin Moore

Nature is Good for Us:

Nature is Good for Us Enhances healing and and reduces pain Increases attention & focus Reduces stress Source: Marni Barnes and Clare Cooper Marcus, “The Role of Gardens in the Therapeutic Milieu of Healthcare Facilities” in LATIS Forum on Therapeutic Garden Design , American Society of Landscape Architects, 2011

How Nature is Good for Us:

How Nature is Good for Us Engages the senses Physical Movement & Exercise Social Support Positive Distraction Biophilia Sense of control/ competence Beauty

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Restorative Therapeutic active passive energizing playful stimulating sensory garden soothing calming do fascinating Japanese garden children’s garden be restful

Elements: Accessible Design:

Elements: Accessible Design

ADA is just the beginning:

ADA is just the beginning ADA: Standards for key dimensions & features Playground accessibility standards “One Size Fits All”

Heights/ Reach Ranges:

Heights/ Reach Ranges

Adjustability:

Adjustability

Plants within Reach:

Plants within Reach

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Photo credit: Chicago Botanic Garden

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Photo credit: Chicago Botanic Garden

Some Planting Considerations:

Some Planting Considerations Multi-sensory & not subtle Reach range (24”-48” high +/- is best for wheelchairs) Non-toxic* (* know your audience) Pleasant to touch / smell Allergies – latex (e.g. bananas), skin irritants Bees (e.g. avoid mint family) Seasonal change (school year)

Durability:

Durability

Walkway Edges :

Walkway Edges

Accessible Gathering Spaces:

Accessible Gathering Spaces

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Photo credit: Chicago Botanic Garden

Elements: Sensory Variety:

Elements: Sensory Variety

Color:

Color Photo credit: Chicago Botanic Garden

Sun & Shade:

Sun & Shade

Texture:

Texture

Sensory Variety: Texture:

Sensory Variety: Texture

Sensory Variety: Texture:

Sensory Variety: Texture

Fragrance:

Fragrance

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Concrete planter 30” dia, 330 lbs

Sound:

Sound

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Photo credit: Chicago Botanic Garden

Relevance to Public Gardens:

Relevance to Public Gardens Take a walk through the garden in someone else’s shoes

Relevance to Public Gardens:

Relevance to Public Gardens Programs , outreach, partnerships Go beyond ADA to be truly welcoming Expand garden audience & supporters Gardens are restorative & therapeutic Gardens are safe for people with disabilities Spread the word! Gardens are sensory playgrounds Children’s Gardens & Sensory Gardens

Reading & Resources:

Reading & Resources 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design - http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAStandards.pdf Cooper Marcus, Clare and Marni Barnes, Eds. (1999). Healing Gardens: Therapeutic Benefits and Design Recommendations . New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. Gerlach-Spriggs , Nancy, Richard Enoch Kaufman and Sam Bass Warner, Jr. (1998). Restorative Gardens: The Healing Landscape . New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press. Tyson, Martha M. (2008). The Healing Landscape: Therapeutic Outdoor Environments. Madison, WI: Parallel Press. Kellert , Stephen R. , Judith Heerwagen , Martin Mador . (2008). Biophilic Design: The Theory, Science and Practice of Bringing Buildings to Life: Wiley Wilson, Edward O. (1986) . Biophilia : Harvard University Press . Therapeutic Landscapes Network: http://www.healinglandscapes.org/ ASLA LATIS Series on Therapeutic Garden Design: http://www.asla.org/Latis.aspx?id=1064 Selhub , Eva and Alan C. Logan. (2012) Your Brain on Nature . Missasauga , Ontario: John Wiley & Sons. Louv , Richard. (2011) Last Child in the Woods; Chapel Hill, NC : Algonquin Books. Louv , Richard. (2011) The Nature Principle: Human Restoration and the End of Nature-Deficit Disorder; Chapel Hill, NC : Algonquin Books. Kaplan, Rachael and Stephen Kaplan. (1996) The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective.; Island Press. Kaplan, Rachael and Stephen Kaplan. (1998 ) With People in Mind: Design And Management Of Everyday Nature; Island Press.

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M · T · R LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS Creating Welcoming Garden Environments for Children with Disabilities Kara Roggenkamp kroggenkamp@mtrla.com 412-931-6455 www.mtrla.com © Copyright 2013 American Public Gardens Association. This presentation is intended for viewing only and should not be copied or redistributed for further use.

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No part of this presentation may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the American Public Gardens Association. Copyright © 2013 by the American Public Gardens Association. All rights reserved. The American Public Gardens Association Vision: A world where public gardens are indispensable APGA 2013 Garden Evolution Conference _______________________________________________

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