Unit 3 ESOL Pronunciation Word Stress

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Listening and Speaking Warm-Up:

Listening and Speaking Warm-Up Valentine’s Day! Do you think Valentine’s Day is romantic or silly? How do YOU celebrate Valentine’s Day? How do people in your country usually celebrate it?

Some of Ms. Shoup’s Travels:

Some of Ms. Shoup’s Travels England Japan Germany Costa Rica Mexico

Which countries have you traveled to? Let’s make a list.:

Which countries have you traveled to? Let’s make a list.

Listen. Which one is correct?:

Listen. Which one is correct? E ngland Engl a nd J a pan Jap a n G e rmany Germ a ny German y C o sta R i ca Cost a Ric a M e xico Mex i co Mexic o

Word Stress and Being Understood:

Word Stress and Being Understood 1 st  Listen to Ms. Shoup read the short article. What is the main idea? 2 nd  Read along and listen. 3 rd  Discuss.

Unit 3: Word Stress and Vowel Length:

Unit 3: Word Stress and Vowel Length ESOL Pronunciation Ms. Shoup

Unit Objectives:

Unit Objectives Stressed syllables Rules for stress and vowel length The Two Vowel Rule and the One Vowel Rule for multi-syllable words Also  review number of syllables in each word!

Homework #3:

Homework #3 Listen. Write. Call and Talk! This one is 30 minutes!! There are more questions!! Due Friday at 7pm (not Wednesday!)

How many syllables?:

How many syllables? banana 3  ba-na-na How does each vowel sound? / b u - n a -n u / Which vowel sound is stressed ?

A, Page 18:

A, Page 18 Listen and repeat.

Rules for Word Stress:

Rules for Word Stress One word has only one stress. It is true that there can be a "secondary" stress in some words. But a secondary stress is much smaller than the main [primary] stress, and is only used in long words. We can only stress vowels, not consonants.

Rules for Stress and Vowel Length:

Rules for Stress and Vowel Length In every English word of more than one syllable, one syllable is stressed the most. The vowel in the stressed syllable is extra long (in time). / b u - n a -n u /

Signals of Word Stress:

Signals of Word Stress Vowel is longer in time Vowel is clearer Stressed syllable is louder Pitch change on the vowel (when the word is said alone) / b u - n a -n u / focus of Unit 3

How many syllables?:

How many syllables? Canada Japan China America England 3 2 2 4 2 Which vowel sound is stressed and long? C a - na - da Ja -p a n Ch i - na A- m e r - i -ca E n-gland Let’s update our country list!

Listening for Vowel Length:

Listening for Vowel Length C, Page 18 Canada Japan China America England Listen and repeat. Use the rubber band.

So, how do I know which vowel sound is stressed?:

So, how do I know which vowel sound is stressed? Well, there are some rules. Also, you can find it in your dictionary.

Close your books.:

Close your books.

Listening Preview:

Listening Preview Look at the list of words. How many syllables are in each word? Word Number of Syllables sofa oven painting London England around event arrange Brazil Berlin solution arrangement pollution Atlanta Alberta beautiful horrible energy Ottawa Washington

Let’s Listen and check.:

Let’s Listen and check. Word Number of Syllables sofa 2 oven 2 painting 2 London 2 England 2 around 2 event 2 arrange 2 Brazil 2 Berlin 2 solution 3 arrangement 3 pollution 3 Atlanta 3 Alberta 3 beautiful 3 horrible 3 energy 3 Ottawa 3 Washington 3

Which vowel sound is stressed? Circle the vowel(s)! Use a pencil.:

Which vowel sound is stressed ? Circle the vowel(s)! Use a pencil. Word Number of Syllables sofa oven painting London England around event arrange Brazil Berlin solution arrangement pollution Atlanta Alberta beautiful horrible energy Ottawa Washington Example: sofa Listen to check.

Let’s Check:

Let’s Check sofa oven painting London England around event arrange Brazil Berlin solution arrangement pollution Atlanta Alberta beautiful horrible energy Ottawa Washington

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? training

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? electric

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? remain

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? politics

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? minister

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? arrange

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? mainly

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? attractive

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? amaze

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? soapy

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? sailing

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? sensitive

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? atomic

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? arrive

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? principle

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? explain

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? reason

How many syllables? Which vowel sound is stressed and long?:

How many syllables ? Which vowel sound is stressed and long ? arrangement

2-Syllable Word Focus:

2-Syllable Word Focus rem ai n am a ze arr i ve arr a nge expl ai n m ai nly s oa py r ea son tr ai ning s ai ling Page 19, D

3-Syllable Word Focus:

3 -Syllable Word Focus attr a ctive at o mic arr a ngement el e ctric pr i nciple p o litics s e nsitive m i nister Page 19, E

Close your books please.:

Close your books please.

Which word has the same stress pattern? Listen and circle.:

Which word has the same stress pattern? Listen and circle. Alberta attractive or principle

Let’s Review: Word Stress Matching:

Let’s Review: Word Stress Matching With your partner, match each word to another word that has the same stress pattern. Predict. Listen and check your prediction. Let’s check your listening .

Let’s Check:

Let’s Check C a nada  pr i nciple Jap a n  rem ai n Ch i na  s oa py Am e rica  attr a ctive E ngland  r ea son Atl a nta  arr a ngement O ttawa  m i nister Berl i n  expl ai n

What are these called?:

What are these called? TV USA BBC GPA PDF OMG Acronyms ! Each letter equals a word or part of a word. You say each letter when you read these!

Acronym Focus:

Acronym Focus T V I D BB C US A Rule: The LAST letter in an acronym usually gets the most stress! Page 19, F

Close your books.:

Close your books.

Do you know what these common acronyms mean?:

Do you know what these common acronyms mean ? TV UN DC BC LA USA BBC CNN CBC CD IT

Partner Work:

Partner Work Page 20, #2 at the top A: What does TV mean? B: Television. Focus on saying the acronym correctly!

Close your books.:

Close your books.

Let’s review Alphabet Vowel Sounds:

Let’s review Alphabet Vowel Sounds

How do you say these words?:

How do you say these words?

cake:

cake

tea:

tea

ice:

ice

cone:

cone

blue:

blue

Alphabet Sound a:

Alphabet Sound a m ai l r ai n tr ai n p ai d

Alphabet Sound e:

Alphabet Sound e l ea f st ea m br ee ze f ee d

Alphabet Sound i:

Alphabet Sound i l i m e d i n e f i l e b i t e

Alphabet Sound o:

Alphabet Sound o ph o n e c oa l fr o z e c oa t

Alphabet Sound u:

Alphabet Sound u t u n e s ui t u s e f u m e

Do you remember?:

Do you remember? What’s the Two Vowel Rule for one-syllable English words? Explain it to your partner. When two vowels go walking, the first vowel does the talking. That means that if two vowels are in a one-syllable word, the sound is the alphabet sound of the first vowel. Example: main the sound is Alphabet Sound a (long a)

The Two Vowel Rule:

The Two Vowel Rule We can use this rule for multi-syllable words too! (Usually!) If there are two vowel letters in the STRESSED syllable of a word: The first vowel is pronounced with its alphabet sound. The second vowel is silent. Page 20, G (advance)

Alphabet Sound a:

Alphabet Sound a re m a in e r a se pa r a de gr a ce ful r a i sin

Alphabet Sound e:

Alphabet Sound e re p e at de l e te re tr e at a gr e e ment r e a son

Alphabet Sound i:

Alphabet Sound i a l i ve in s i de pro v i de en t i re ly pr i ce less

Alphabet Sound o:

Alphabet Sound o s o ap y a l o ne sup p o se ap pr o ach fl o at able

Alphabet Sound u:

Alphabet Sound u T u es day as s u me intro d u ce con f u se ex c u se

Close your books, please.:

Close your books, please.

Let’s review Relative Vowel Sounds:

Let’s review Relative Vowel Sounds

How do you say these words?:

How do you say these words?

pan:

pan

ten:

ten

lip:

lip

top:

top

cut:

cut

Relative Vowel Sound a:

Relative Vowel Sound a b a ck f a n h a lf cl a p

Relative Vowel Sound e:

Relative Vowel Sound e j e t Fr e nch l e g s e nd

Relative Vowel Sound i:

Relative Vowel Sound i s i p p i n k i ck wr i st

Relative Vowel Sound o:

Relative Vowel Sound o l o ck p o t fl o ck cl o ck

Relative Vowel Sound u:

Relative Vowel Sound u c u p j u mp f u n g u m

Do you remember?:

Do you remember? What’s the One Vowel Rule for one-syllable English words? Explain it to your partner. When there is one vowel in a one-syllable word, the sound is the relative vowel sound. Example: cat the sound is Relative Vowel Sound a (short a)

The One Vowel Rule:

The One Vowel Rule We can use this rule for multi-syllable words too! (Usually!) If there is only one vowel letter in the STRESSED syllable of a word, it is pronounced with its relative vowel sound. Page 21, H (advance)

Relative Vowel Sound a:

Relative Vowel Sound a at tr a ct pr a c tice ex a m ple com m a nd S a t urday

Relative Vowel Sound e:

Relative Vowel Sound e r e l ative s e n tence sug g e st e l e c tric ex p e n sive

Relative Vowel Sound i:

Relative Vowel Sound i f i l ling pr i n ter pr i n ciple m i s sing pre d i ct

Relative Vowel Sound o:

Relative Vowel Sound o st o p ping c o p y a t o m ic t o l erance o p erate

Relative Vowel Sound u:

Relative Vowel Sound u S u n day be g u n th u n der p u n ish a b u n dant

Close your books, please.:

Close your books, please.

Dictation Map Practice:

Dictation Map Practice Listen and write the names of the buildings on the map!

What are they saying?:

What are they saying?

What are they saying?:

It’s on the corner of O ak Street and S e cond Avenue. What are they saying? Exc u se me. Where’s the h o spital?

Music of English Page 21, I:

It’s on the corner of O ater Road and S e lling Street. Music of English Page 21, I Exc u se me. Where’s the b a nk?

Partner Practice:

Partner Practice Partner A  Map A; Find your 7 locations by asking “Excuse me. Where’s the …?” Write it on your map. Partner B  Map B; Tell your partner where the locations are by saying “It’s on the corner of … and …” Then switch.

Partner Dialogue Presentation:

Partner Dialogue Presentation Listen to 2 students present their dialogue. What are they talking about? What are the main ideas of the conversation? Be a nice audience! Pay attention. Stay quiet. Try and understand what they are saying. Smile!

Lupita and Tongtong:

Lupita and Tongtong #1: Family Relationships

Reminders!:

Reminders! Test on Monday! Units 1 – 3 Homework #3 due this Friday at 7pm. Next Wed.  Partner Dialogue #2 Have you seen the class website lately?

Do you remember?:

Do you remember? What are the Alphabet Vowel sounds? What are the Relative Vowel sounds? What is the Two Vowel Rule? What is the One Vowel Rule? What is the Stress Rule for Acronyms? How many syllables are stressed in each word? Do you stress consonants or vowels?

Extra Practice Asking for and Giving Directions!:

Extra Practice Asking for and Giving Directions! It’s on the corner of O ak Street and S e cond Avenue. Exc u se me. Where’s the h o spital?

Dictation:

Dictation Take out a piece of paper. Number it from 1 to 5. The teacher will read each sentence twice. Write down what you hear.

Let’s Check:

Let’s Check Please remain seated. Did you say “cheese” or “chess”? We decided to attend the business meeting. This is an expensive painting. They closed all the shops on Wednesday.

What kind of movies do you like?:

What kind of movies do you like?

Lights, Camera, Action!:

Lights, Camera, Action! What is happening in the video clip? Who are the characters? What are they doing? What are they saying? How do they feel? What will happen next? Video Clip with NO SOUND! Link Start at 4:40 End at 7:15

What did they say?:

What did they say? Partner Work! Write a short dialogue between the boys you saw on the movie. Give them names. Write at least 8 lines of dialogue.

Let’s hear your dialogues!:

Let’s hear your dialogues!

Let’s Watch Again:

Let’s Watch Again This time we’ll listen to the sound too. Were any of your dialogues close? What do you think will happen next?

Test Next Class:

Test Next Class IF YOU ARE LATE, YOU WILL MISS PARTS OF THE TEST! YOU CANNOT MAKE UP THESE PARTS. PLEASE BE ON TIME! THE TEST WILL START EXACTLY WHEN CLASS STARTS. IF WE ARE IN THE MIDDLE OF LISTENING, I WILL MAKE YOU WAIT OUTSIDE UNTIL THE PART IS OVER.

Test #1: Units 1 - 3:

Test #1: Units 1 - 3 Part 1 Listening / Writing: Listen to words and count the syllables Listen for present or past tense (- ed ) Listen for vowel sounds and circle the word/sentence you hear Listen for word stress Listen and match vowel sounds Answer questions about rules Part 2 Speaking in the Language Lab: Read sentences and individual words: Syllables - ed Vowel sounds Stress Intonation (Music of English)

So, how should you prepare for the test?:

So, how should you prepare for the test? Study the textbook. Practice with the unit links on the website. Look at the unit powerpoints on the website. Practice in the language lab. Do extra practice online. Listen to the CD that comes with your textbook. Email Ms. Shoup if you have any questions.

Let’s Practice for the Test! Close your books, please.:

Let’s Practice for the Test! Close your books, please. Handout: Units 1-3 Review

A: How many syllables?:

A: How many syllables? Listen and write the number. 3 2 1 4 2

B. Past or Present?:

B. Past or Present? Listen and circle! B A B

C. Which Word?:

C. Which Word? Listen and circle the word you hear. highs Kate cheese sack Luke

D. Which Sentence?:

D. Which Sentence? Listen and circle the sentence you hear. b a

E. Which Syllable is Stressed?:

E. Which Syllable is Stressed? Listen and circle the syllable that is stressed. pain lec rase Sat

F. Which Vowel Sound?:

F. Which Vowel Sound? Listen and check the matching vowel sound. aid set seat add

G. Which Vowel Sound?:

G. Which Vowel Sound? Listen and check the matching vowel sound. cone blue up miss

Speaking Practice:

Speaking Practice Read the following sentences to your partner. Focus on saying the correct number of syllables.

Syllable Speaking Practice:

Syllable Speaking Practice We wanted to buy a used car. The teachers want a pay raise. That vegetable is very interesting. We talked every day.

Music of English Speaking Practice:

Music of English Speaking Practice How do you spell “ease”? E – A – S – E

Read the following words to your partner. Focus on the correct vowel sounds.:

Read the following words to your partner. Focus on the correct vowel sounds. breeze dine froze fume rain half French wrist clock cup

Read the words to your partner. You can see the stressed syllable. Say it with the correct stress and the correct vowel sound.:

Read the words to your partner. You can see the stressed syllable. Say it with the correct stress and the correct vowel sound. Berl i n O ttawa exc u se ev e nt s ai ling at o mic US A

Slide 128:

Topic #1: Animals!

Slide 129:

Topic #2: Adjectives!