FOG Part IV: Present Perfect

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

By: lila3729 (106 month(s) ago)

Amazing!!!!!!!Please let me download it.

By: jbo915 (113 month(s) ago)

Fantastic presentations!!! Thank you for sharing!

Presentation Transcript

Part IV: Present PerfectPage 181 - 211 : 

Part IV: Present PerfectPage 181 - 211 ESOL Writing Intermediate Shoup

Part IV: Present Perfect : 

Part IV: Present Perfect Unit 16  Since and For Page 182-192 Unit 17  Already and Yet Page 193-201 Unit 18  Present Perfect: Indefinite Past Page 202 - 211

Unit 16: Since and for : 

Unit 16: Since and for Page 182-192

Ask your partner… : 

Ask your partner… How long have you lived in the U.S.? How long have you studied English? How long have you gone to this school? I have lived in the U.S. for two years. or I have lived in the U.S. since 2006. I have studied English for 10 years. or I have studied English since 1998. I have gone to Cy-Fair for 4 weeks. or I have gone to Cy-Fair since August 28th.

Unit 16 Objectives : 

Unit 16 Objectives present perfect positive statements negative statements questions regular and irregular past participle forms since for

“King of Skate”(p. 182) : 

“King of Skate”(p. 182) Where can you find an article like this? How long has Bob Burnquist been a professional skater? Let’s read. Pay attention to the bolded words.

After You Read: T/F : 

After You Read: T/F Complete with a partner. T F F T

Ask your partner… : 

Ask your partner… How long has Bob skated? How long has Bob been professional? How long has he lived in California? Bob has skated since 1987. Bob has skated since he was 11 years old. Bob has skated for 22 years. Bob has been professional since 1991. Bob has been professional since he was 15 years old. Bob has been professional for 18 years. Bob has lived in California since 1995. Bob has lived in California since he was 19 years old. Bob has lived in California for 14 years.

Present Perfect: Since and For : 

Present Perfect: Since and For Bob has lived in California since 1995. Bob has lived in California for 13 years. How many words are needed for the present perfect? How do you form the present perfect? form of have past participle What does since 1995 express? the moment when Bob started living in California Does Bob still live in California? yes What does for 13 years express? how long Bob has lived in California Present Perfect: with for and since expresses things that began in the past and continue into the present He’s Bob’s

How do we form the present perfect? : 

How do we form the present perfect? Bob _________ skated since he was young. I ________ skated since I was young. has have What about the negative?

Change these into yes/no questions… : 

Change these into yes/no questions… Bob has skated since 1995. They have not lived in Houston since 2000. Has Bob skated since 1995? Yes, he has. Have they lived in Houston since 2000? No, they haven’t.

Slide 13: 

Ask your partner: Have you studied English for a long time? Have you lived in Houston since 2007? Tue

Change these into Wh-Questions : 

Change these into Wh-Questions Bob has skated since 1995. They have lived here for 10 years. How long has Bob skated? Since 1995. How long have they lived here? For 10 years.

Slide 15: 

Ask your partner: How long have you studied English? How long have you been in Houston?

What are the contractions for these? : 

What are the contractions for these? Normal I have = you have = we have = they have = she has = it has = he has = Contraction I’ve you’ve we’ve they’ve she’s it’s he’s Remember – Don’t pretend like it’s not a contraction. You have to change the pronunciation!!!

Slide 17: 

Report one fact about your partner to the class. Use the correct contraction. Remember: the apostrophe (‘) always goes in place of the missing letters.

Present Perfect with Since and For : 

Present Perfect with Since and For something began in the past and continues to the present (and maybe into the future) now future past 1987 He has been a skater since 1987.

Match… : 

Match… March 5th 2 weeks since for

Since : 

Since since + point in time since yesterday since 5:00 since Monday since 1995 shows when something started

For : 

For for + length of time for 10 minutes for 2 weeks for years for a long time shows how long somethinghas lasted

Since or For??? : 

Since or For??? __________ 10 years __________ a long time __________ I was 20 years old __________ 3 weeks __________ Tuesday __________ I moved to the U.S. __________ a few days for for for for since since since

Regular or Irregular? : 

Regular or Irregular? They have worked for a big company for several years. They have been here for two hours. work  worked regular because it ends in -ed be  been irregular because it doesn’t end in -ed

Forming Present Perfect : 

Forming Present Perfect have + past participle past participle regular (-ed) irregular (partial list on p. 185; complete on A1 & A2) They have lived there for years. He has bought two new skateboards since March.

Regular (pp is same as sp) : 

Regular (pp is same as sp) Base Form Simple Past Past Participle work worked worked live lived lived decide decided decided

Irregular (some verbs  same pp as sp) : 

Irregular (some verbs  same pp as sp) Base Form Simple Past Past Participle spend spent spent meet met met pay paid paid

Irregular (some verbs  pp is not the same as the sp) : 

Irregular (some verbs  pp is not the same as the sp) Base Form Simple Past Past Participle come came come go went gone give gave given

Focused Practice… : 

Focused Practice…

Discover the Grammarpage 186 (1) : 

Discover the Grammarpage 186 (1) Read each sentence. Choose a or b.

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… a b a b b a

For Love of the Sportpage 186 (2) : 

For Love of the Sportpage 186 (2) Use since or for

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… since for Since for since for since for, since

Skating Successpage 187 (3) : 

Skating Successpage 187 (3) write in the present perfect

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… has loved hasn’t stopped has been have lived have had haven’t taken have gone has skated has won has wanted has come

Skateboarding Factspage 187-188 (4) : 

Skateboarding Factspage 187-188 (4) use the present perfect form use since or for

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… has been for have been since have changed since Since have taken Since have opened Since have gone Since has become hasn’t competed for

HW: A Resumepage 188 (5) : 

HW: A Resumepage 188 (5) Work with a partner Complete the interview (page 189) with the words in parentheses and the information in Ingrid’s resume Use contractions when possible The year is 2006 When you finish (practice with a partner)

How long? : 

How long? How long has Ingrid been a part-time P.E. teacher? How long has Ingrid been a member of NEA? How long has she been a graduate of the American College of Sports Medicine? How long has she had the silver medal in the Texas Skateboarding Contest?

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… How long have you had your M.A. degree? I’ve had my M.A. degree since 1995 / for 11 years. Have you had any more training since you got your M.A.?Yes, I have. How long have you been a physical education teacher?I’ve been a physical education teacher since 1997/for 9 years

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… How long have you worked as a sports trainer?I’ve been a sports trainer since 1995/for 11 years. How long have you had a black belt in tae kwon do?I’ve had a black belt for two months. Have you won any awards since then?Yes, I have.

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… How long have you been a member of NEA?I’ve been a member of (the) NEA since 1998/for 8 years.

Editingpage 190 (6) : 

Editingpage 190 (6) There are 10 mistakes. The first one is done for you. Find 9 more.

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… I have  I’ve had since  for I won  I’ve won for  since you have  have you break  broken I always  I have always live  have lived watch  watched I gone  I have gone

Communication Practice : 

Communication Practice

Listeningpage 191 (7) : 

Listeningpage 191 (7) Listen to an interview. Antonio Serrano wants a job as a radio sports announcer. Complete the information on the card. Use since and for.

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… since 1990 for a year since he moved here / since last year since September

The Best Person For the Jobpage 192 (9) : 

The Best Person For the Jobpage 192 (9) A business college needs a new math teacher. Look at the 2 resumes. With a partner decide who to hire and why. Use since and for.

Role Play: A Job Interviewpage 191 (8) : 

Role Play: A Job Interviewpage 191 (8) The teacher will give you a resume. Use it to answer questions at a job interview.

Ask your partner… : 

Ask your partner… Have you written your 2nd draft yet? Yes, I have already written my 2nd draft. No, I haven’t written my 2nd draft yet. Have you finished your extra homework yet? Yes, I have already finished my extra homework. No, I haven’t finished my extra homework yet.

Unit 17Present Perfect: Already and Yet : 

Unit 17Present Perfect: Already and Yet Page 193 - 201

Unit 17 Objectives : 

Unit 17 Objectives present perfect already yet

“It’s Party Time” – page 193 : 

“It’s Party Time” – page 193 How do you feel about parties? Which do you prefer: giving a party or going to a party? Why? Read the magazine article.

After you readpage 194 : 

After you readpage 194 Reread the first 3 paragraphs of the article. Check the correct answers about the person in the article.

Present Perfect with Already & Yet : 

Present Perfect with Already & Yet I’ve already sent the invitations. I haven’t decided on the menu yet. present perfect with already affirmative statements have + already + past participle present perfect with yet negative statements have + not + past participle + yet statements How do you form present perfect statements with already? How do you form present perfect statements with yet?

Present Perfect with Already & Yet : 

Present Perfect with Already & Yet Have you chosen the date yet? Has Patty Cake replied to your email yet? questions How do you form present perfect questions with yet? present perfect with yet Yes/No Questions have + subject + past participle + yet What are the two possible short answers? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. What are the two possible short answers? Yes, she has. No, she hasn’t.

Short Answers with Yet : 

Short Answers with Yet No, I haven’t  No, she hasn’t  No, not yet. No, not yet.

Discover the Grammar (p. 196) : 

Discover the Grammar (p. 196) Read the first sentence. Decide if the second sentence is True (T) or False (F) wed

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… F T F T T F

2 – Party Talk (p. 196) : 

2 – Party Talk (p. 196) Complete these conversations. Use the present perfect form with already and yet and short answers. Use contractions when possible. Go to Appendix 1 on page A-1 for help with irregular verbs.

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… ‘ve already met ‘ve already had Has…left already / No…hasn’t Have…seen…yet / Yes…have / haven’t seen…yet have already planned Now, practice the conversation with your partner.

3 – First Things First : 

3 – First Things First Read Fabrizio’s party-planning checklist. Write statements about the things that he has already done and hasn’t done yet. Use contractions when possible.

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… He’s already found a location. He’s already written a guest list. He’s already bought invitations. He hasn’t sent invitations yet. He hasn’t asked friends to help yet. He hasn’t planned the menu yet. He’s already picked out the music.

Slide 63: 

He hasn’t shopped for food yet. He hasn’t cleaned the house yet. He’s already borrowed some chairs.

4: Editing (p. 198) : 

4: Editing (p. 198) Read this online bulletin board. There are 9 mistakes in the use of present perfect with already and yet.

Let’s Check : 

Let’s Check I haven’t figured out the food yet. I’ve already wasted three days… Your guests haven’t started arriving… You’ve already invited people… I haven’t met anyone who doesn’t like pizza yet I’ve already had a pasta party… …I’ve already given a movie party… Have you tried this one… Not yet?

5: Listening (p. 198) : 

5: Listening (p. 198) Some friends are planning a party. Listen to their conversation. Check the things they’ve already done. 1. find a place 2. invite people 3. borrow extra chairs 4. figure out food 5. buy soda 6. select music

6: Information Gap (p. 199) : 

6: Information Gap (p. 199) Student A  p. 199 Look at the picture and cross out items on Gisela’s list. Ask B about what Helmut has already done. Student B  p. 201 Look at the picture and cross out items on Helmut’s list. Ask A about what Gisela has already done.

Partner Conversation Practice… : 

Partner Conversation Practice… There are 3 different conversations: Mother and child English teacher and student 2 classmates Use the examples to ask questions using yet Example: A: Have you made your bed yet? B: No, I haven’t.

Unit 18: Present Perfect: Indefinite Past : 

Unit 18: Present Perfect: Indefinite Past ESOL Writing Intermediate

Ask your partner… : 

Ask your partner…

Q: Have you ever been sailing? : 

Q: Have you ever been sailing? Yes, I have been sailing.or No, I’ve never been sailing.

Q: Have you ever gone up in a hot-air balloon? : 

Q: Have you ever gone up in a hot-air balloon? Yes, I have gone up in a hot-air balloon.or No, I’ve never gone up in a hot-air balloon.

Q: Have you ever ridden a horse? : 

Q: Have you ever ridden a horse? Yes, I have ridden a horse.or No, I’ve never ridden a horse.

Q: Have you ever taken a long trip by car? : 

Q: Have you ever taken a long trip by car? Yes, I have taken a long trip by car.or No, I’ve never taken a long trip by car.

Q: Have you ever swum in a river? : 

Q: Have you ever swum in a river? Yes, I have swum in a river.or No, I’ve never swum in a river.

Q: Have you ever gone camping? : 

Q: Have you ever gone camping? Yes, I have gone camping.or No, I’ve never gone camping.

Unit 18 Objectives : 

Unit 18 Objectives Use present perfect to talk and write about the indefinite past. statements with adverbs of frequency yes/no questions short answers wh-questions Indefinite past = a time in the past that is NOT specific because you don’t know the exact time, or because the exact time is not important Remember that all the irregular past participles are on page A-1.

Resources for Unit 18 : 

Resources for Unit 18 Extra Practice – optional homework with answers Grammar links on class website Language Lab – Grammar Sense Grammar Sense 2, Unit 6 Grammar Sense 3, Unit 4

1: Grammar in Context : 

1: Grammar in Context Page 202 “Been There? Done That?” Listen and read along. Pay attention to the usage of the present perfect.

After you read (page 203) : 

After you read (page 203) Which activities have the readers of Travel Today tried? (look in the boxes!) Check them.

Please take notes! : 

Please take notes!

Present Perfect: Indefinite Past : 

Present Perfect: Indefinite Past You can use the present perfect when you don’t know when something happened or when the specific time is not important.

Use present perfect with adverbs to talk about repeated actions at some time in the indefinite past. : 

Use present perfect with adverbs to talk about repeated actions at some time in the indefinite past. once, twice, many times always, often, never usually go at the end of the sentence usually go before the past participle I’ve visited Rome twice. I’ve often visited Rome.

When do I use “ever”? : 

When do I use “ever”? only in questions and negatives NOT in a positive statement Use a different adverb of frequency in the answer. Example: Q: Have you ever been to Brazil? A: No, I’ve never been. or A: No, I haven’t ever been. I’ve ever been to Brazil. (wrong!)

just, lately, and recently : 

just, lately, and recently use to emphasize that something happened in the very recent (but sill indefinite) past. Just goes before the past participle. Lately goes at the end of the sentence. Recently can go before the past participle or at the end of the sentence. Note: In American English, people often use just and recently with the simple past. I’ve just gotten back from vacation. I haven’t been out to eat lately. He’s recently studied a lot. orHe’s studied a lot recently. I just got back from China. I got back from China recently.

Adventure vacations have become very popular. : 

Adventure vacations have become very popular. They are popular now. Is this true or false? Why? True. have become = still going on at the moment

1: Discover the Grammar : 

1: Discover the Grammar page 205 Read the first sentence. Then decide if the second sentence is True or False. (T/F)

Let’s Check : 

Let’s Check F (never vs. a long time ago) T (just = a short time ago) F (ever been = doesn’t know if you’ve been or not) F (lately vs. last year) T (several times = not our first)

Complete the sentences with present perfect. : 

Complete the sentences with present perfect. You ________________ many places. (visit) __________ you ever ____________ a really great place? (find) have visited Have found

2: Interview : 

2: Interview page 205 – 206 Complete the interview between Travel Today (TT) and Rosa Garcia (RG). Use the present perfect form of the verbs in parentheses. Use contractions when possible. Listen to check your answers.

Let’s Check : 

Let’s Check ‘ve visited ‘ve been ‘s been ‘ve had ‘ve swum ‘ve eaten ‘ve slept ‘s become Have…found ‘ve thought ‘ve…kept ‘ve…written have…come ‘ve…returned ‘ve…gone Now practice the conversation two times!

Close your books. Just talk! : 

Close your books. Just talk! use the phrase to ask your partner a present perfect question with ever Ex. rent a car Q: Have you ever rented a car? answer with short answers: Yes, I have. No, I haven’t

rent a car : 

rent a car

rent a motorcycle : 

rent a motorcycle

ride a camel : 

ride a camel

jump out of an airplane with a parachute : 

jump out of an airplane with a parachute

go up in a hot-air balloon : 

go up in a hot-air balloon

spend time on a desert island : 

spend time on a desert island

eat some really unusual food : 

eat some really unusual food

take photos of wild animals up close : 

take photos of wild animals up close

cross the Andes on horseback : 

cross the Andes on horseback

sail a boat on the Nile River : 

sail a boat on the Nile River

swim with dolphins in the ocean : 

swim with dolphins in the ocean

be on a safari : 

be on a safari

fly around the world : 

fly around the world

go on an organized trip : 

go on an organized trip

3: Survey : 

3: Survey page 206 – 207 Write sentences about what Andy has done and hasn’t done. Use contractions when possible. He’s rented a motorcycle. He hasn’t rented a car. or He’s never rented a car.

I / never / do / this / before : 

I / never / do / this / before In present perfect? I’ve never done this before.

4: First Time Up : 

4: First Time Up page 207 Complete the conversation with the words in parentheses and the present perfect form of each verb. Include short answers. (See p. 203) Listen to check your answers.

Let’s Check : 

Let’s Check I’ve gone up I haven’t done it lately Have you traveled a lot I have Have you ever been I haven’t I have always wanted to go I have been to Africa several times I have just gotten I have never been They have just finished Now practice the conversation two times!

5: Souvenirs : 

5: Souvenirs page 208 Look at some of Rosa’s souvenirs. Write sentences using the present perfect form of the verb. Use the verbs in the box!!

Let’s Check : 

Let’s Check She’s ridden a camel. She’s traveled to many countries. She’s stayed at Hotel Roma. She’s written a travel book. She’s seen Cats three times.

6: Editing : 

6: Editing page 209 There are 12 mistakes in the use of the present perfect and adverbs. The first mistake is already corrected. Find and correct 11 more.

Answers – Self-Check : 

Answers – Self-Check Britta I have always been afraid… This has been… James We’ve just returned we’ve ever had Bill I have just gotten… Amalia I’ve never gone Pat They’ve just written They’ve never been Lydia Have you May I haven’t been able to do sports lately has just given me a lift

7: Listening : 

7: Listening page 210 Olivia is talking to a travel agent about different vacation possibilities. Listen to the conversation. Check the activities she’s done before. Circle the number of the best vacation choice for her.

9: Writing : 

9: Writing “My favorite thing is to go where I’ve never been.” Diane Arbus (1923-1971, photographer, USA) What does Arbus mean? Do you feel the same way? Where have you been? Where have you never been that you would like to go?

Unit 19: Present Perfect and Simple Past : 

Unit 19: Present Perfect and Simple Past ESOL Writing Intermediate Shoup

Unit 19 Objectives : 

Unit 19 Objectives Know when to use present perfect or simple past Know how to form the present perfect structure Know how to form the simple past structure

Vocabulary for Grammar in Context: : 

Vocabulary for Grammar in Context: commuter = someone who regularly travels in order to get someplace, usually to work back and forth = in one direction and then in the opposite direction several times sociologist = someone who studies societies and the behavior of people in groups sky high = extremely high or expensive expense = the amount of money you spend on something pay off = if something that you try to do pays off, it is successful after a long time

Before You Read: Commuter Marriages (page 212) : 

Before You Read: Commuter Marriages (page 212) What do you think a “commuter marriage” is? What is happening in the cartoon? How do you think the people feel?

Listen: Commuter Marriages (page 212) : 

Listen: Commuter Marriages (page 212) While you read along, pay attention to the verb tenses. Some are simple past. Some are present perfect. After you read: Check True or False (p. 213)

Let’s Check : 

Let’s Check T F T T T

What’s the difference? : 

What’s the difference? They have lived apart for the past three years. They lived apart for three years. Discuss with your partner. continues up to the present no connection to the present

What’s the difference? : 

What’s the difference? They’ve lived in Detroit. They lived in Detroit in 2001. Discuss with your partner. ? indefinite time specific time

What’s the difference? : 

What’s the difference? He’s called three times this morning. He called three times this morning. Discuss with your partner. unfinished time period finished time period

FYI… : 

FYI… Finished Time Period(simple past) yesterday last month last year Unfinished Time Period(present perfect) today this morning this month this year Caution!!! Some time expressions can be both: this morning this month this year

My Timeline (handout) : 

My Timeline (handout) Directions: Fill in the timeline below with information about your past and present. Include jobs, schools, and cities. January 2008

Now, tell your partner about your life using present perfect and simple past. : 

Now, tell your partner about your life using present perfect and simple past. January 2008 I have worked at Cy-Fair since last August. I taught at a middle school two years ago. I have lived in Houston since 2006. I lived and worked in Japan 3 years ago.

1: Discover the Grammar (p. 215) : 

1: Discover the Grammar (p. 215) Read the information about Joe and Maria. Then circle the letter of the sentence (a or b) that best describes the situation. 2. a 3. b 4. a 5. b 6. b 7. a 8. a 9. b

2: It Hasn’t Been Easy (p. 216) : 

2: It Hasn’t Been Easy (p. 216) Complete the entry in Maria’s journal. Circle the correct verb forms 2. began 3. ‘ve written 4. has been 5. ‘ve worked 6. didn’t get 7. saw 8. ‘ve lived

3: Phone Conversation (p. 216) : 

3: Phone Conversation (p. 216) Complete the phone conversation between Maria and Joe. Use the present perfect or the simple past form of the verbs in parentheses. 2. slept 3. haven’t stopped 4. have been 5. have seen 6. came 7. didn’t do 8. haven’t caught 9. ‘ve already had 10. drank 11. have had 12. haven’t finished Now, practice it with your partner.

4: Changes (p. 217) : 

4: Changes (p. 217) Joe and Maria met in the 1990s. Since then Joe has changed. Use the words below and write down how Joe has changed. In the 1990s Since then simple past present perfect

5: An Interview (p. 217) : 

5: An Interview (p. 217) You are the journalist who wrote the article, “Commuter Marriages” (p. 212) Write interview questions for Joe and Maria. How long have you been married?

Let’s check (p. 217-218) : 

Let’s check (p. 217-218) How long have you been married? How long did you live in Detroit? When did you get a job offer? When did your company move? How long have you lived apart? How often did you see each other last month? How often have you seen each other this month? When did you start to communicate by e-mail?

5: An Interview - Extension : 

5: An Interview - Extension Now, use your interview questions to interview your partner. Find answers to the questions in the article on page 212. How long have you been married? We’ve been married since 2000.

6: Editing (page 218) : 

6: Editing (page 218) Find 7 more mistakes present perfect simple past

Let’s Check… : 

Let’s Check… She and her husband have had… They met in the 1970s… 10 years of their marriage they lived in more… the early 1990s she returned to South Africa… It hasn’t been an easy life,… I was happier when we lived together in Detroit.

8: Some Numbers : 

8: Some Numbers Look at the chart Work in pairs and discuss the information. Use these words: increase get higher go up decrease get lower go down

10: Looking Back (p. 220) : 

10: Looking Back (p. 220) Look at Maria’s records from last year and this year. Now = end of August Compare what Maria did last year with what she’s done this year. last year this year vs.

11: Writing (p. 221) : 

11: Writing (p. 221) How has your family changed in the last five years? Write a paragraph about some of the changes. Use the present perfect and the simple past.

authorStream Live Help