Slide 1: ALFRED NOBEL-The Biography Slide 2: Contest
Birth and family background.......
Teenager to dead man.....................
Death and the Nobel Prize.............
Picture Page......... Slide 3: Introduction:
This is a presentation about the man who “invented” the Noble Prize.
He made it possible that all his money he did earn is spend to people who did something really well, who was really brave or who invented something to make our life better and to help somebody with this invention.
He invented the dynamite and worked with other inventions like artificial silk, and leather. Slide 4: Birth and family background
Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm on 21st October in 1833,in Sweden.
Immanuel Nobel (1801-1872) &
Antoinette Nobel (1805-1889).
He had three brothers Robert (1829-1896), Ludwig (1831-1888) and Emil (1843-1864). Slide 5: From teenager to dead man
In 1842 Immanuel Nobel’s business went especially well and he moved with his family to St. Petersburg. A year after they moved (in 1843) he got a little brother, Emil.
The now four brothers were given a very good education by private tutors, they learnt languages, science and literatur.
Alfred was mostly interested in chemistry, literature and physics. He also loved poetry. Slide 6: but his father wasn't pleased with that he wanted his sons to follow his footsteps, so he sent Alfred to Paris, to become a chemical engineer.
In Paris Alfred studied in Professor T.J.Pelouzes laboratory.
There he met a young Italian chemist called Ascanio Sombrero. Slide 7: Three years before they met Sobrero had invented nitroglycerine.
Alfred became very interested in nitroglycerine, and when he came back to Russia.
He worked with his father to develop a explosive that could be used. Slide 8: After moving to Sweden, in 1863, Alfred concentrated on developing nitroglycerine as a explosive.
He made many experiments which killed several people, including his brother Emil.
But the government saw that the experiments were dangerous and banned them inside the city Stockholm. Slide 9: Alfred didn't stop his experiments, he moved his experiments to Lake Malaria; in 1864 he started mass production of nitroglycerine.
But finally his experiments brought success, in 1866 Alfred invented DYNAMITE!
The invention of dynamite made construction and mining much easier. The hard work was replaced by an explosion Slide 10: Dynamite was very important for construction work so Alfred sold lots of dynamite.
Actually he had 90 factories in more than 20 countries!!!..
Nobel also experimented with other things such as artificial silk, and leather.. Slide 11: Bertha Kinsey von Chinic und Tettau was his girl friend.
She was Austrian, and after only a short working time she moved back to Austria to marry Arthur von Suttner.
Bertha von Suttner became very active in the peace movement and wrote a book "Lay Down Your Arms". She had great influence on him until his death. Slide 12: Death and the Nobel Prize
Alfred Nobel died of cerebral hemorrhage in San Demo, Italy on December 10, 1896.
All the money that he got from selling dynamite he assigned to create a special fundations.
who changed the World with their discovery in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. All the prizes are given in Stockholm, except the peace prize, that is given in Oslo. Slide 13: There are several reasons why Alfred Nobel decided to make a Nobel Prize.
One of them is, that he was very sorry for the World, and he felt responsible for the wars and battles, because they became much more bloody and painful after he invented dynamite.
He didn’t have any children, or any close family to whom he could leave the money after his death. His mother died when he was young and his brother died in one of the dynamite experiments. : In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Bank of Sweden) instituted the Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel. Each prize consists a medal, personal diploma, and prize amount. Slide 15: Picture Page Slide 16: Alfred Nobel Alfred Nobel Slide 17: Nobel's Monument The Peace Prize Slide 18: His last home Where the story started Slide 19: Nobel's Laboratory Slide 20: Thank You