Stench Of Kerosene - By Amrita Pritam

Category: Education

Presentation Description

The following video is an attempt made by the students to analyse the story "Stench Of Kerosene - By Amrita Pritam" The video attempts to find the essence of the story, and tries to highlight the theme of the story, rather than just explaining it. In the video, we also try to find the solution as to what can be done to avoid such mis-happenings in our (the Indian) society....


Presentation Transcript


STENCH OF KEROSENE AMRITA PRITAM Rehet Bhogal A2305213001 Abdullah Nasir A2305213036 Shivay Singhal A2305213051


A BRIEF SUMMARY The story is set in a small Indian village. The main characters in the story are: Guleri , Manak and Manak’s mother. Guleri and Manak have been married for over 7 years. They live with Manak’s mother in his village. Guleri is unable to conceive a child which makes her mother-in-law impatient, who then looks for another wife for Manak . Manak unwillingly gets married to the “new woman”, obedient to his mother and to custom, while Guleri was away visiting her family in the village of Chamba . The Second wife had no objection in being married to Manak , knowing that she was the “second wife”. Knowing she was married to Manak just because Guleri couldn’t conceive, she also happily conceived. On learning about Manak’s second wife, Guleri sets herself ablaze with kerosene in her hometown. Manak learns of this incident via his friend Bhavani , who was returning from the fair. Manak breaks down completely, his heart dies and he became living breathing moving body, yet lifeless and heartless.


INDIAN CULTURE AND THE STORY “Stench of Kerosene”, by Amrita Pritam , is a tale of injustice and suffering in the rural parts of India. It throws light on the condition of women in our society, the social stigmas and beliefs. It shows the relationship between mother – son, husband-wife in rural India, and mother’s interference in H-W . The mothers’ interference is sometimes positive and helpful, but sometimes it has a very adverse affect on the husband and wife relationship. In some cases, the bride finds her mother in the mother-in-law, whereas in some instances she finds glimpses of evil and the devil (which every bride fears before getting married) in her mother-in-law. The mother has a prominent and strong say in the decisions made by her son, and the say of the daughter-in-law is usually neglected or over-seen. From the story we see the custom of India, which is portrayed as prejudiced towards women. Women are rejected if they are unable to have children or fulfill other duties of an “ ideal wife or daughter-in-law”.

PowerPoint Presentation:

In the Indian culture the mother has always had an authoritative role in her son's life, which eventually leads to interference in the husband-wife relationship. This is evident from the fact that Manak had to do everything she wished for without questioning her. Even though he loved Guleri , he married another woman because his mother wanted him to and he couldn’t raise his voice against it. The dialogue, "Your mother has not said anything. Then why do you stand in my way.” depicts that both Guleri and Manak had to do whatever Manak's mother instructed them to, emphasizing the fact that the mother was basically running their lives for them. INDIAN CULTURE AND THE STORY

PowerPoint Presentation:

Often in rural India women are subjugated and oppressed. In traditional Indian households, the young wives often have no say in the running of the house and the decisions of the family. Usually after marriage, the bride has to be cut off from her family and her old life. This is supported by the fact that Guleri was allowed to see her family once in a year (after the harvest) despite her home being just a few miles away. She counted the days to the harvest every year. In this society, some marriages are seen as formalities, and even without love, they exist -“ I am not his wife, just someone he happened to marry”. INDIAN CULTURE AND THE STORY

PowerPoint Presentation:

A ll the females in a household have the responsibility of the housework. So even though education does not financially burden the family, it costs them the time she spends at school when she could be doing chores. In addition, even if a woman is educated, especially in the poorer regions, there is no hope for a job. As people think as women mostly have to perform agricultural or domestic jobs, they don’t require a formal education, but if they themselves would have been educated they would know that education can help them in huge way for example they can learn optimized ways of agricultural and increase their yield, also be able to find alternate solutions to common household issues. Another reason girls are not educated is because families are required to supply a chaste daughter to the family of her future husband . And urban areas, men demand of a wife who is well educated AND well aware with household chores. WOMEN OF RURAL INDIA

PowerPoint Presentation:

The victims of exploitation and oppression have been largely women of the third world countries in general and lower sections among them in particular. CULTURALLY : Gender specific specialization (work) Cultural definition of appropriate sex roles Expectation of role within relationship Belief in the inherent superiority of males Customs of marriage (Bride price/Dowry) Notion of the family as the private sphere and under male control Value that give proprietary right over women and girls. ECONOMICALLY : Status of Women in India - Problems and concerns Limited access to cash and credit Limited access to employment in formal and informal sector. Limited access to education .


CONCLUSION Even though it is dependent on the male, that the child would be a boy or girl, still the bride is the one who is to be blamed. And even though men understand that without woman's existence, they wouldn’t have been born in the first place, they still don’t. In cases as presented in the story, the problem of the bride not being able to conceive could’ve been solved by modern medicines or perhaps modern ideologies such as adoption, if only the rural village was educated; saving so many lives, from death, from pain, from agony, and from all sorts of distress. For the least bit of humanitarian values, the mother-in-law should’ve understood what Guleri must be going through, having tried to conceive for a span of 7 years and failing again. She should have been least bit concerned for her son’s love-of-his-life rather than being selfish and casting her away in deceit. She did get what she wanted finally, but then she lost her own son entirely.

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