Note Taking Academic

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Category: Education
     
 

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Made by students of CSE1 - Kartikey Agarwal (A2305213017) Mehak Gupta (A2305213028) Arushi Mahajan (A2305213064)

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Note Taking BY- MEHAK GUPTA KARTIKEY AGARWAL ARUSHI MAHAJAN

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Content Layout Introduction Guidelines and Tips Techniques Methods Conclusion

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“Objective of note taking is to reconstruct the lecture and make you feel in the presence of the professor again who gave the live lecture. Reciprocity remains between your dedication to take notes and your liking for the professor/speaker.” Why take notes ? We tend to forget 50% of the content within the first 24 hours. 80% content is not retained after two weeks, to be precise 14 days only. 95% of the total content we had listened is out of our access in a month and there is no way to recall it. Without Notes, we don’t remember the Speaker we had acknowledged as impressive and knowledgeable. We cannot share our understanding with others without proper documentation. You fail to ‘reduce your study time’ in future, as there are not notes that facilitate a ‘fast-easy recall’. We face Limited Resources in the absence of a recommended list of resources discussed in the lectures. We should remember that the major problem for us is not that we don’t take notes; rather we fail to ‘recapture’ and ‘review’ the content.

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Guidelines for Note taking Structure and organization are keys to maintaining accurate notes. Following is a list of guidelines and tips for setting up a notebook and keeping your notes intelligible.  Setting Up Your Notebook Keep  a separate notebook or separate section of a notebook for each course.  Notes for each lecture should begin on a new page, with the date and page number. Make your notes  brief:  a key phrase for a sentence; a word to represent a phrase. Abbreviate  whenever possible. Put notes into  your own words. A formula, a definition, and specific facts demand exact wording. Number items, bullets or use indentations to  distinguish between major and minor points. Highlight unfamiliar vocabulary and unclear areas Develop questions  to ask your friends or instructor to help clarify information or concepts. If you miss something completely, leave a blank space and locate the information later. Develop a  coding system or scheme  to mark your notes. Use  technical abbreviations  instead of writing out the whole word.

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Tips for Effective Note Taking Sit near the front of the room. Find a reason to listen to the speaker.  Ask yourself, "Why is this important?" Listen for more than just facts; try to understand the big picture. Recite key ideas to yourself. Take more notes than necessary. Attentive Listening and Reading Avoid outside distractions and internal noise. Anticipate what the speaker is going to say next. Try to select main ideas and supporting details ( mentally organize ). Prepare for lectures beforehand. Listen first, then write ; leave spaces to fill in gaps in your information. Formulate questions to look up later  or ask the instructor. Put aside personal bias and listen to the content of the speaker's message.

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General Techniques/Method of Note Taking The FOUR Phases of Note Taking : Preparatory Phase:  This can be called the  ‘Zero Hour’ of Note Taking . The ‘willingness to take notes’ is what we term as the First Phase of Note Taking.    Before the Class: Ringing the First Bell of Note Taking!  The Rules for this stage are: Review, Revise notes from the previous session. Prior Read the Assigned Subject Material and prepare questions to be asked or observed. Take a comfortable place to sit. Stationery resources should be ready. Identify the Chapter and make a note on the dedicated pages with mentioning the date and the speaker’s name. During the Class/Session/Lecture: The Activity Part!   Stay focused Participate in deliberations. Make abbreviations. The Final Phase- After the Class:  ‘Review, Revise or Edit’  the collected information. Do it as soon as possible after the class by filling the gaps, clarifying ideas, adding more details and asking the speaker, if needed. 

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P-A-R-R Method Prepare-Abbreviate-Revise-Review Prepare :  Keep your eyes wide open as learning can start any moment. Collect information about the lecture and sit near the front places, write down the main ideas as highlighted by the speaker through various mannerisms.  Abbreviate :  Symbols and Abbreviations facilitate increased speed of writing and provide a condensed shape to notes. We know that we can generate information from these ‘tools’. Revise :  As the cited researches in this post have informed that we forget 50% of the listened/read content we do not make notes. Revise notes within 24 hours while the information is fresh in your mind and give them an organised shape. Review :  This is like reading the minutes of the previous meeting, before you go for the current meeting. Review your notes after the lecture as well as before the next lecture to enhance retention.

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5 R’s of Note Taking 1. Record: During the lecture, record in the main column as many meaningful facts and ideas as you can. Write legibly. 2. Reduce : As soon after as possible, summarize these ideas and facts concisely in the Recall Column. 3. Recite : Say over facts and ideas of the lecture as fully as you can, not mechanically, but in your own words and with as much appreciation of the meaning as you can. 4. Reflect : Reflective students distill their opinions from their notes. They make such opinions the starting point for their own musings upon the subjects they are studying. 5. Review : If you will spend 10 minutes every week or so in a quick review of these notes, you will retain most of what you have learned, and you will be able to use your knowledge currently to greater and greater effectiveness.

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Note Taking Methods: The Cornell Method

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The Outlining Method The most common form of note taking used by college students This method of note taking is extremely useful in most instances. How to Use Write points in an organized manner based on space indentation. Place major points farthest to the left. Indent each more specific point farther to the right (level of importance is indicated by distance away from left margin). Advantages The outlining method emphasizes content as well as relationships between the material. Also, it reduces the time needed for editing and allows for easy reviewing. Disadvantages This method requires more thought for accurate, understandable organization and, therefore, cannot be used during lectures that move too quickly.

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The Charting Method

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The Mapping Method

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The Sentence Method Method  – Write every new thought, fact or topic on a separate line, numbering as you progress.   Advantages  – Slightly more organized than the paragraph. Gets more or all of the information. Thinking to tract content is still limited.   Disadvantages  – Can’t determine major/minor points from the numbered sequence.  Difficult to edit without having to rewrite by clustering points which are related.  Difficult to review unless editing cleans up relationship.   When to Use  – Use when the lecture is somewhat organized, but heavy with content which comes fast.  You can hear the different points, but you don’t know how they fit together.  The instructor tends to present in point fashion, but not in grouping such as “three related points.”   Example  – A revolution is any occurrence that affects other aspects of life, such as economic life, social life, and so forth. Therefore revolutions cause change. (See page 29-30 in your text about this.) Sample Notes  – Revolution – occurrence that affects other aspects of life: e.g., econ., socl. Etc. C.f. text, pp. 29-30

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Conclusion “Effective note-taking takes practice, and even the very best students may lose track in a discussion or become confused about the objectives in a lesson. Don't become discouraged. It is what you actually do with the ideas presented in class—or those generated in your thoughts through listening, reading and thinking—that are critical to your understanding and retaining the material.” A few  categories of ‘Note Takers’  can be discussed as under: The Difficult Note Takers:   ‘Few Phrases Writers’  who take the  ‘Minimalist’  approach and note down the highlighted points only.  Half Cooked Category Note Takers:  They take Partial Notes and are termed as the Selective Note Takers as the content is at their mercy when they decide to make notes for a certain part of the work. The Saint Category Note Takers:  They take everything as a gospel truth and jot down everything and anything. We see such attentive attendants everywhere and sometimes wonder on the  Heard-Processed without Observation-Noted  mechanism.  The Super-Self Note Takers:  Reflection Based Notes come in this category. It is the  ‘creative after thought 'they give to review and enhance their notes. It is possible that the notes are hardly based on the prescribed text or the lecture. The Concerned Note-Taker- YOU: ‘You Category Note Taker’ makes it a rule to get prior update about the topic to be lectured upon. Rather than piling on the desk, ‘You’ keeps sufficient tools, sits at a suitable place and manages to take note of the following : Highlights it with underlining or a different colour Points or Gestures towards the mentioned content Changes Tone or pitch of voice, Specially mentions a text or reference book.

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Thank You

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