Run-on Sentences

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What are run-on sentences?

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Run-on Sentences:

Run-on Sentences Prof. C. Sarmiento English Class Note: All of the information and examples were taken from Chapter 8 of the book Exploring Writing by John Langan (Second Edition). I do NOT own any of this material.

What is a run on sentence?:

What is a run on sentence? A run-on is two complete thoughts that are run together. As a result of the run-on, the reader is confused, unsure of where one thought ends and the next one begins . Two types of run-ons are fused sentences and comma splices .

Fused Sentences:

Fused Sentences F used sentences are fused or joined together as if they were only one thought . Fused Sentence Rita decided to stop smoking she didn’t want to die of lung cancer. Fused Sentence The exam was postponed the class was canceled as well.

Comma Splices:

Comma Splices In run-ons known as comma splices, a comma is used to connect or “splice” together two complete thoughts. Comma Splice Rita decided to stop smoking, she didn’t want to die of lung cancer. Comma Splice The exam was postponed, the class was canceled as well.

A Warning: Words That Can Lead to Run-Ons:

A Warning: Words That Can Lead to Run-Ons People often write run-ons when the second complete thought begins with one of the following words. Be on the alert for run-ons whenever you use these words: I, you, he , she, it, we, they, there, this, that, now, then, next

Methods of correcting a run-on:

Methods of correcting a run-on 1 . Use a period and a capital letter to separate the two complete thoughts . (In other words, make two separate sentences of the two complete thoughts .) Rita decided to stop smoking. She didn’t want to die of lung cancer . The exam was postponed. The class was canceled as well.

Practice Exercise:

Practice Exercise Add a period in order to separate the two complete thoughts: 1. Joyce’s recipe for chocolate fudge is very easy to make it is also very expensive . 2 . Watching television gave the old man something to do he didn’t have many visitors anymore. 3 . The fastest dog in the world is the greyhound it can run over forty-one miles an hour. 4. My iPod stopped working its battery needs to be charged.

Methods of correcting a run-on:

Methods of correcting a run-on Use a comma plus a joining word ( and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet ) to connect the two complete thoughts. Rita decided to stop smoking, for she didn’t want to die of lung cancer . The exam was postponed, and the class was canceled as well.

Practice Exercise:

Practice Exercise Insert the comma and the joining word ( and, but, for, so ) that logically connects the two thoughts in each sentence : 1. I want to stop smoking I don’t want to gain weight . 2. Craig wanted to buy his girlfriend a ring he began saving ten dollars a week. 3. I don’t like to go to the doctor’s office I’m afraid one of the other patients will make me really sick . 4. I enjoy watching television I feel guilty about spending so much time in front of the tube.

Methods of correcting a run-on:

Methods of correcting a run-on Use a semicolon to connect the two complete thoughts : Rita decided to stop smoking; she didn’t want to die of lung cancer . The exam was postponed; the class was canceled as well.

Practice Exercise:

Practice Exercise Fix the following run-on sentences using a semi-colon: 1. The Grand Canyon is ancient it is millions of years old. 2 . Sabina invited me to her wedding it was held in Maui on a beautiful private beach . 3. He had hair implants it looked very natural . 4 . Professor Williams yelled at the class her facial expression told the story .

Semicolon with a Transition:

Semicolon with a Transition A semicolon is sometimes used with a transitional word and a comma to join two complete thoughts : I figured that the ball game would cost me about fifty dollars; however , I didn’t consider the high price of food and drinks. Fred and Denise have a low-interest mortgage on their house; otherwise , they would move to another neighborhood.

Transitional Words:

Transitional Words Here is a list of common transitional words and phrases (also known as adverbial conjunctions ): However, moreover, therefore, on the other hand, in addition, as a result, nevertheless, also, consequently, instead, furthermore, otherwise

Fix the run-ons using transitional words:

Fix the run-ons using transitional words However, moreover, therefore, on the other hand, in addition, as a result, nevertheless, also, consequently, instead, furthermore, otherwise 1 . A new car is always fun to drive the payments are never fun to make. 2. The fork that fell into our garbage disposal looks like a piece of modern art it is useless. 3. Auto races no longer use gasoline spectators have nothing to fear from exhaust fumes. 4 . We got to the stadium two hours before the game started all the parking spaces were already taken. 5. Mice use their sensitive whiskers as feelers they scurry along close to walls.

Practice Exercise – identify which sentences are run-ons::

Practice Exercise – identify which sentences are run-ons: 1. Americans spend millions of dollars each year on bottled water critics argue that tap water is equally safe to drink. 2. Isaiah is confident that the trucking company will hire him he has a valid CDL license and a clean traffic abstract. 3. The mechanic said that many hybrid cars have transmission problems I am glad that I purchased a gasoline- powered subcompact car, which is equally fuel efficient. 4. This summer brought record-breaking drought conditions many farmers are being forced to plant fewer crops or irrigate water into their fields. 5. Sydney decided to use recycled plastic to build an outdoor deck her children asked her to build a doghouse with the extra lumber.

Practice Exercise – identify which sentences are run-ons::

Practice Exercise – identify which sentences are run-ons : 6. Mark worried that the canned chili sauce he ate while on his camping trip was recalled for botulism he did not experience any symptoms of food poisoning. 7. Parents who sign up their children for mixed martial arts hope that the sport will provide physical exercise, self-confidence, and personal discipline their children, however, say that they are simply having fun . 8. The Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) was founded in 1950, making it the oldest female professional sports organization in the United States . 9. Witnesses reported that the bank robber was a woman security cameras revealed that the thief was a man carrying a handbag and wearing a wig and lipstick. 10. Today, the average American teenager works 16 hours per week parents and educators are concerned that these part-time jobs leave little time for homework or sleep.

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