Suffix

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What does a suffix do?

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What is a suffix?:

Prof. c. sarmiento What is a suffix?

What is a suffix?:

What is a suffix? A suffix is a affix or morpheme that is added at the end of the base word. A suffix can change the meaning or alter the form of a word. Suffixes can change nouns to their plural form (car-car s ), turn verbs into their progressive form (talk-talk ing ) or even turn an adjective into an adverb (beautiful-beautiful ly ).

Plural nouns:

Plural nouns As a general rule, by adding an –s inflection at the end you can change singular nouns to plural nouns. Note: There are exceptions to the rule such as couch-couch es and irregular nouns such as child- children . Singular Plural Computer Computer s Student Student s Picture Picture s Test Test s Dog Dog s Boy Boy s Apple Apple s

Plural nouns:

Plural nouns Nouns that end with the – ch , - sh ,- x, -z and –s sound don’t take an –s inflection, rather you must add – es at the end. Singular Plural watch watches kiss kisses buzz buzzes box boxes

Plural nouns:

Plural nouns In order to change nouns ending with –y to the plural form you must replace –y with –I and add – es at the end of the word. Singular Form Plural Form Body Bodies Hobby Hobbies Lady Ladies Ally Allies

Progressive verbs:

Progressive verbs To change a progressive verb from the simple aspect to the progressive aspect the – ing inflection must be added at the end of the word. Note: In some cases the final –e must be dropped (glide-glid ing ) or the final consonant must be repeated(hit-hit ting ) Simple Aspect Progressive Aspect Talk Talk ing Walk Walk ing Eat Eat ing Drink Drink ing Sleep Sleep ing Sing Sing ing Jump Jump ing

From adjective to adverb:

From adjective to adverb In some cases, by adding the inflection – ly at the end of an adjective changes it into an adverb. Note: in the case of adjectives that end with –y , it must be replaced with an –i and add – ly (angry, angr ily ) Adjective Adverb Happy Happily Arrogant Arrogantly Seductive Seductively Interesting Interestingly Aggressive Aggressively Peaceful Peacefully

Comparative adjectives:

Comparative adjectives By adding the suffix – er at the end of an adjective you change an adjective from the positive form to the comparative form. Adjectives in the comparative form compare two things. When using the comparative form always use the word than after the adjective: The girl is angry. The girl is angri er than the boy.

Changing adjectives to the comparative form:

Changing adjectives to the comparative form When the adjective ends with –y replace with an –i and add – er . Example: Happy-happ ier , angry-angr ier , smelly-smell ier Some adjectives with three syllables or more don’t take the – er inflection, instead they add the word more before the adjective. Example: interesting- more interesting, beautiful- more beautiful, embarrassing- more embarrassing

Adjectives in the comparative form:

Adjectives in the comparative form Positive form Comparative form Example pretty prettier The dog is prettier than the cat. tall taller Juan is taller than Miguel. smart smarter The girl is smarter than the boy. hungry hungrier I am hungrier than you.

superlative adjectives:

superlative adjectives By adding the suffix – est at the end of an adjective you change an adjective from the positive form to the superlative form. Adjectives in the comparative form compare something to everything else. When using the superlative form always use the word the before the adjective: That food is great. That food is the great est .

Changing adjectives to the superlative form:

Changing adjectives to the superlative form When the adjective ends with –y replace with an –i and add –est . Example: Happy-happ iest , angry-angr iest , smelly-smell iest Some adjectives with three syllables or more don’t take the – est inflection, instead they add the word most before the adjective. Example: interesting- most interesting, beautiful- most beautiful, embarrassing- most embarrassing

Adjectives in the superlative form:

Adjectives in the superlative form Positive form Comparative form Example pretty prettiest The dog is the prettiest. tall tallest Juan is the tallest. smart smartest The girl is the smartest. hungry hungriest I am the hungriest.

Practice exercise:

Practice exercise Change the following nouns to their plural form: Singular Plural House Match Baby Bird Theory Wax

Practice exercise:

Practice exercise Change the following verbs from the simple aspect to the progressive aspect: Simple Aspect Progressive Aspect Play Punch Talk Run Hide Eat

Practice exercise:

Practice exercise Change the following adjectives to adverbs Adjective Adverb Extreme Heavy Wonderful Amazing Slow Quick

Practice exercise:

Practice exercise Change the following adjectives to the comparative and superlative form: Positive Form Comparative Form Superlative Form Pretty Big Small Fast Slow Ugly

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