Types of Nouns

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Types or nouns and practice exercises

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Nouns:

Nouns Prof. C. Sarmiento

What is a noun?:

What is a noun? A noun is defined as a word that names a person, place, thing, animal or abstract idea. All nouns can be put in the plural form. Example: Car – Cars, Books – Books, Bird – Birds. All nouns can be replaced by a pronoun (he, she, it, they, we, I, you).

Nouns name a person or people:

Nouns name a person or people A noun names a person or a group of people. Examples: Teacher, Lawyer, Doctor, Student, Chef Carlos, Miguel, Cynthia, Diana, Mr. Smith Boy, girl, man, woman, children

Nouns name places:

Nouns name places A noun names places. Examples: Park, Mall, School, House, Restaurant, Bathroom Plaza Las Americas, University of Puerto Rico, Wal-Mart, Game Stop

Nouns name things:

Nouns name things All things and objects are examples of nouns. Examples: Notebook, pencil, computer, cellphone, t-shirt, shoes, markers, printer, table, chair, poster, etc.

Nouns name animals:

Nouns name animals All animals are examples of nouns. Examples: Dog, Cat, Mouse, Tiger, Fish, Monkey, Dolphin, Snake, Bear, Bird, Lion, Koala, Pig, Hippopotamus, etc.

Nouns name abstract ideas:

Nouns name abstract ideas Abstract ideas refer to emotions and things that can not be perceived by the five senses (touch, taste, smell, sight, hearing). Examples: Love, Hate, Anger, Justice, Faith, Freedom, Agony, Pride, Shame, Dream, etc.

Compound Nouns:

Compound Nouns Compound nouns are a type of noun that are made out of two words of more. Compound nouns name a person, place, thing, animal or abstract idea and can be changed to the plural form. Compound nouns can have the two words written together without a space in between ( basketball ), they can be separated by a hyphen ( father-in-law ) or can be separated by a space ( ice cream ).

Examples of Compound Nouns:

Examples of Compound Nouns The name of different sports are typically examples of compound nouns. Some examples would be: baseball basketball volleyball football ping pong

Examples of Compound Nouns:

Examples of Compound Nouns A lot of family relations are also examples of compound nouns. Some of them are: mother-in-law father-in-law sister-in-law brother-in-law son-in-law daughter-in-law

Examples of Compound Nouns:

Examples of Compound Nouns As mentioned, the words that make up a compound noun can be written together, be separated by a space or they can have a hyphen in between. Some examples would be: - ice cream - desktop - apple juice - dish washer - laptop - son-in-law - background - cellphone

Proper and Common Nouns:

Proper and Common Nouns Proper nouns name something specific and always begin with capital letters. Examples: Luis, Iris, Dr. Smith, Puerto Rico, Bayamon, University of Puerto Rico, K-Mart Common nouns name something general and begin with lower-case letters unless they are at the beginning of a sentence. Examples: house, car, door, pig, rabbit, computer, chair, paper, light, bathroom.

Proper and Common Nouns:

Proper and Common Nouns Common nouns Name something general r estaurant: c ar: c ity: Proper nouns Name something specific Burger King Pizza Hut Taco Bell Toyota Honda Mercedes San German Venice Carolina

Changing Nouns to their Plural Form:

Changing Nouns to their Plural Form As a general rule, some nouns can be changed to the plural form. Examples: house – houses c ats – cats rock – rocks t eacher - teachers

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns As a general rule, to change countable nouns to the plural form you just add an –s at the end. cat cats song songs girl girls dog dogs basket baskets

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns For nouns that end in – ch , - sh , -s and –z, “- es ” must be added to make it plural. dish dishes watch watches buzz buzzes kiss kisses box boxes

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns When the word has a – ch ending that sounds like “-K”, add only “-s” stomach stomachs epoch epochs monarch Monarchs

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns Is there is a consonant before a –Y ending, change the –Y to “I” and add – es : city cities baby babies country countries discovery discoveries body bodies

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns If there is a vowel before a –Y ending then simply add an –s: boy boys day days way ways toy toys holiday holidays

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns If the noun ends with –f or – fe then drop the -f or – fe and replaces with – ves : knife knives self selves life lives

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns If there is a consonant before an –O ending then add – es : mosquito mosquitoes hero heroes tomato tomatoes

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns If there is a vowel before an –O ending then simply add –s: zoo zoos kangaroo kangaroos radio radios

Plural Nouns:

Plural Nouns Some exceptions to the rule: child children foot feet man men woman women mouse mice tooth teeth

Possessive Nouns:

Possessive Nouns Possessive nouns indicate ownership or possession or something. Apostrophes ( ‘ ) usually indicate possession. To change a singular noun to the possessive form add apostrophe + s: father father’s mother mother’s doctor doctor’s

Possessive Nouns:

Possessive Nouns To change plural nouns that end with –s into the possessive form, simply add an apostrophe ( ‘ ): parents parents’ boys boys’ students students’ teachers teachers’

Possessive Nouns:

Possessive Nouns To change nouns with irregular plural forms to the possessive form add apostrophe + s: men men’s children children’s women women’s

Possessive Nouns:

Possessive Nouns To change names that end with –s to their possessive form you can either add an apostrophe ( ‘ ) or apostrophe ( ‘) + -s: Mr. Harris Mr. Harris’ Mr. Harris’s Charles Charles’ Charles’s Luis Luis’ Luis’s Marcus Marcus’ Marcus’s

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