Punctuation Marks

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What are punctuation marks?

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Punctuation Marks :

Punctuation Marks English Class Prof. C. Samiento

What are punctuation marks?:

What are punctuation marks? Punctuation marks are symbols in written text that tell the reader how something should be read. Through punctuation marks the writer is able to better organize a writing, add suspense, emotion and things of the sort.

Punctuation Marks:

Punctuation Marks Mark Symbol Description Example Period of Full Stop . Periods always go at the end of a sentence or after an abbreviation. My name is Pedro. Mr. Torres was absent today. Comma , Marks a short in a sentence. Separates nouns, verbs, adjectives and clauses. Pedro, Maria and Luis were studying. I like to kick, punch and train. Colon : Introduces information. The following people get a bonus: Lisa and Miguel. You got to options: get in or get out.

Punctuation Marks:

Punctuation Marks Mark Symbol Description Example Semi-colon ; Unites two independent clauses that are related. I stayed; she left. Iris was a lawyer; Marcus was a teacher. Ellipsis … Creates suspense See you tomorrow… Wait until you get home… Quotation Marks “ ” Used to identify statements made by someone else. Also identifies words from another language. The teacher said, “Shut up!” I like to eat, “ tostones ”.

Punctuation Marks:

Punctuation Marks Mark Symbol Description Example Question mark ? Used after a question was asked. Who are you? Where are you from? Exclamation mark ! Shows strong emotion. Yeah! Shut up! Sit down! Parenthesis ( ) Expands on something within the sentence. The two brothers (Gustavo and Adrian) were learning how to play guitar.

Period or Full Stop:

Period or Full Stop Used at the end of every sentence and after all abbreviations: Examples: 1) My name is Walter. 2) Mr. White was talking with Mr. Smith. 3) I was talking to Prof. Rogers.

Comma:

Comma Commas are used to make a short pause in a sentence or separate nouns, adjectives or clauses. Examples: 1) Maria, Jose, Juan and Pedro were in the debate team. 2 ) Lisa is strong, pretty, intelligent and humble. 3 ) Since the beginning, I have been training to be the best.

Colon:

Colon Colons are used to introduce new information. Also, after the greeting in a letter a colon is used. Examples: 1) In order to make an omelet you need the following: eggs and butter. 2) Dear mother: I take this opportunity to say hello and tell you all about my new life here in the states. I miss all of you very, very much…. 3) Topic: Punctuation Marks

Semi-colon:

Semi-colon Semi-colons are used to put together that sentences that share a relation. Examples: 1) She is an Aquarius; I am a Taurus. 2) You say, “yes”; I say, “no”. 3) My daughter is a lawyer; my son is a teacher.

Ellipsis:

Ellipsis Ellipses are used to create suspense in a sentence. Examples: 1) To be continued… 2) The end… 3) You’ll never believe what I saw…

Quotation Marks:

Quotation Marks Quotation marks are used to identify statements said by someone else. They also are used to identify book, movie or tv show titles, among others. Words from other languages also use quotation marks. Also, words that are used but have a special meaning are put in quotations. Examples: 1) My mother said, “Come home early.” 2) I heard him say, “Je vouz aime ”. 3) I love eating “ piononos ”. 4) I love “The Matrix”. 5) My dog is “special”.

Question Marks:

Question Marks Question marks are used at the end of a question. Unlike in S panish, the question mark is only used at the end. Examples: 1) Who are you? 2) What is your favorite food? 3) You bought a car? 4) Where is my blue shirt?

Exclamation Marks:

Exclamation Marks Exclamation marks are used to show strong feelings or emotions such as hate, anger, frustration, excitement, etc. Examples: 1) Yeah! 2) No! 3) Close the door! 4) Shut up! 5) Sit down!

Parenthesis:

Parenthesis Parenthesis are used to expand within a statement. They make a clarification or add information needed to fully understand the intended message. Examples: 1) I used to play sports (basketball and baseball) back in college. 2) My kids (Juan and Luis) are very loving. 3) A bought a car (a Honda Accord). 4) You two (Walter and Wanda) sit down and shut up.

Practice exercise:

Practice exercise 1. Open the door 2. To make an omelet you need the following two eggs and butter 3. Veronica Adriana and Lisa were eating 4. No way

Practice exercise:

Practice exercise 5. Where are you from 6. My friend said to me Goodbye 7. I stayed she left 8. Until next time