Tanzania

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TES 8460 Professor: Dr. Holly Wilson Presenter: Siao Ying, Sie Jambo ! Tanzania!!

Where is Tanzania?:

Where is Tanzania? Officially the United Republic of Tanzania Situated in East Africa Bordered by: - North : Kenya and Uganda - West : Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo - South : Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique. - Eastern border : the Indian Ocean.

History:

History In the early first millennium AD: Travelers and tradesmen from the Persian Gulf and western India In the late 19th century: Tanzania was conquered by Imperial Germany, and was provided European education, science, mathematics, and engineering, as well as the German language. Swahili was the main medium of instruction → To enable the native to be used in government administration.

History:

History After the World War I: British Mandate The British continued the German pattern of using Swahili as the medium of instruction. However, as Africans discovered that knowledge of English was associated with higher pay, English began to force out Swahili as the language of instruction in high schools and universities. It was common to use English as the medium of instruction from the fourth grade on. Swahili was used in the lower grades. April 26 1964: an independent nation.

Language:

Language Multilingual language country - Official languages: English and Swahili - National language: Swahili - Other Dialects: Used in different ethnic groups Educational system: Bilingual policy

Function of Language:

Function of Language Dialects (Tribal Languages): More than 120 ethnic groups: Sukuma , and Haya Different dialects among tribes: the dialect “ Sukuma ” is for Sukuma people (using roman script without special letters) Used at home or inside the tribe Are spoken at school, but rarely used as the medium of instruction

Function of Language:

Function of Language Swahili: National and official language Used as lingual franca (the unifying language) between different ethnic groups In Educational System: the language of instruction (enables Tanzania’s students to keep in touch with their cultural values and heritage) In secondary education, Swahili is compulsory, and students must receive a passing score in this subject.

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Originally written with the Arabic script, now is written in a Latin alphabet Sample text Watu wote wamezaliwa huru , hadhi na haki zao ni sawa . Wote wamejaliwa akili na dhamiri , hivyo yapasa watendeane kindugu . Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Function of Language:

Function of Language English: Official language Let the country be globalization: links Tanzania and the rest of the world through technology, commerce and also administration In Educational System (widely used in schools): studied as a second language → to internationalize people (The government wishes Tanzanians have the ability to participate in the global economy and culture.) most textbooks are locally published in both English and Swahili.

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T h a n k Y o u ! ! Hakuna Matata No worries for the rest of your days : )

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