Slide 1: OSCAR WILDE Slide 2: Oscar Wilde was born in ___________, Ireland , in _________. After he finished his education in Ireland, he studied at __________ University in England. He was an excellent scholar. He travelled widely in Europe and made many friends. But he also made many enemies. He dressed in flamboyant1 clothes and had unusual opinions about religion and life. He liked to be the centre of attention. In 1882, Oscar Wilde went on a lecture tour2 of ____________________. He married in ____________. He and his wife, Constance, had _____ sons. He wrote his most famous children’s story, “____________________”, for his sons. He became famous in London as a poet, a writer and a dramatist3.
1 flamboyant: sgargiante, stravagante
2 lecture tour: giro di conferenze
3 dramatist: drammaturgo, scrittore per il teatro Dublin Oxford The United States two The Happy Prince 1884 1854 Slide 3: His most famous works are the play4 “The importance of Being Earnest” and the novel5 “The Picture of ________________ “. His conversation was very witty6; he went to many parties and was very popular.
Unfortunately, he was involved7 in a trial8 for immoral conduct. Many of his friends did not defend him: He was sent to prison for two years. After he was released9, he lived in ____________. The last years of his life were very sad. He died in __________.
4 play: commedia
5 novel: romanzo
6 witty: brillante, arguto
7 involved: coinvolto
8 trial: processo
9 released: rilasciato Dorian Gray France 1900 Slide 5: and wit were the most important things in life. Slide 7: THE
MOVEMENT Slide 8: Considering all these elements, which Italian writer can be associated with Oscar Wilde? _________________________
And which Italian literary movement corresponds to the aesthetic movement?
_______________________________ Gabriele D’Annunzio Decadentismo Slide 9: Jack Worthing, a member of the upper class, comes to London to visit his friend Algernon Moncrieff THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST Slide 10: and Gwendolen Fairfax, a girl he is in love with. Jack asks Gwendolen to marry him , but Lady Bracknell (Gwen’s mother) refuses him; in fact she learns that Jack has no family and was adopted by a Mr. Cardew Slide 11: Jack is also the guardian of Cardew’s daughter, Cecily. Algy is very curious about Cecily and decides to go to the country to meet her; they fall in love. Slide 12: But who is Ernest?
Jack uses this name in the city
and Algy uses this name in the country. This lie causes many misunderstandings but at the end everything is explained and the play ends happily. Slide 14: THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING
ERNEST EARNEST A name! Onesto, sincero! Slide 15: Watch the crucial scene in which Jack is interviewed by Lady Bracknell:
1. What are the first six things Lady Bracknell wants to know from Jack?
___________ _____________ if he is educated
___________ _____________ _____________
Are these things important for Lady Bracknell? Find and copy the sentence that justifies your answer:
2. What are the next two questions?
Are these things important for Lady Bracknell?
_________________________________________ if he smokes how old he is
his income his possessions his political ideas
Yes, they are. “now to minor matters”
“Are your parents living?”
“who was yor father?” (commerce or aristocracy)
No, they aren’t Slide 16: 3. Later in the dialogue, Lady Bracknell echoes Jack’s words three times. What are these words?
What do they express? (choose the appropriate ones)
4. How can you define Lady Bracknell’s attitude?
full of prejudices open-minded
snobbish resolute “Found!”
“The cloakroom at Victoria Station?” Slide 17: 5. The characters often say things which contradict commonly accepted statements. Match the different statements : Slide 18: 6. Use the information you have and write the stereotypes revealed by the dialogue:
THE RICH PEOPLE AND /OR THE ARISTOCRACY SHOULD..... ... have a house in a fashionable area
... be a member of the conservative party
... be born in a “good” family
... have a country house 7. What is the aim of the writer? (number in order of importance)
Involve the audience
Provoke the audience
Amuse the audience
Give a satire of society 1 2 3 4 Glossary:
Involve = take part in something
Provoke = cause a reaction
Amuse = make someone smile
Satire = a piece of writing representing human vices with a critical intention