Post-WWII U.S. Foreign Policy

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11th Grade U.S. History: Post-WWII U.S. Foreign Policy:

By Cristian Meza, EDSC 304 11 th Grade U.S. History: Post-WWII U.S. Foreign Policy

CA State Content Standards:

CA State Content Standards 11.9 Students analyze U.S. foreign policy since World War II. Discuss the establishment of the United Nations and International Declaration of Human Rights, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and their importance in shaping modern Europe and maintaining peace and international order . Understand the role of military alliances, including NATO and SEATO, in deterring communist aggression and maintaining security during the Cold War . Trace the origins and geopolitical consequences (foreign and domestic) of the Cold War and containment policy, including the following: The era of McCarthyism, instances of domestic Communism (e.g., Alger Hiss) and blacklisting The Truman Doctrine The Berlin Blockade The Korean War The Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis Atomic testing in the American West, the “mutual assured destruction” doctrine, and disarmament policies The Vietnam War Latin American policy List the effects of foreign policy on domestic policies and vice versa (e.g., protests during the war in Vietnam, the “nuclear freeze” movement ). Analyze the role of the Reagan administration and other factors in the victory of the West in the Cold War . Describe U.S. Middle East policy and its strategic, political, and economic interests including those related to the Gulf War . Examine relations between the United States and Mexico in the twentieth century, including key economic, political, immigration, and environmental issues.

Big Ideas/Unit Goals:

Big Ideas/Unit Goals Big Ideas/Unit Goals: Students will explore the effects of post-WWII international actions and U.S. foreign policy by answering the following essential questions : How effective were post-WWII monetary organizations and military alliances in maintaining peace and international order ? How did U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War affect the United States and other countries around the world ? How has U.S. foreign policy affected modern American relations with the Middle East and Mexico ?

21st Century Skills:

21 st Century Skills 21st Century Skills: Global Awareness: Students from various backgrounds will discuss global issues and gain a better understanding of other nations and cultures. They will do this through respectful open-dialogue with other classmates. By doing so, students will learn the importance of diversity and know how to interact with others in the contexts of personal, work and community life. Critical Thinking and Problem Solving: Students will use their reasoning to analyze how government action can have an effect on others. They will examine evidence and arguments while considering multiple points of view. After analyzing, students will interpret and reflect on information to create logical conclusions and make connections. Communication: Students will be able to articulate their thoughts and ideas effectively with other students by speaking, writing, reading and carefully listening. They will use communication to inform, instruct, motivate and persuade their classmates who come from diverse backgrounds . Collaboration: Students will work together to accomplish goals. Their collaborative effort will emphasize productivity and respect amongst themselves. They will learn to manage their own time and share responsibility with the rest of the group to successfully complete projects . ICT Literacy: Students will use a multitude of different technologies to support their research, organize information, evaluate the accuracy of information, and communicate their findings to others.

Student Learning Objectives and Assessments:

Student Learning Objectives and Assessments Learning Objectives: Students will evaluate the effects of post-WWII monetary organizations (e.g., World Bank) and military alliances (e.g., NATO ). Students will examine the origins and consequences (foreign and domestic) of the Cold War and communist-containment policies . Students will compare U.S. Cold War foreign policy with modern U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and Mexico . Assessments: Entry-Level: In-class discussion with video, Four Corners Vocabulary Chart Formative: Cold War Timeline, Multimedia Presentations Summative: DBQ In-class essay asking students to analyze multiple perspectives, Podcast Series

Learning Activities:

Multimedia Presentations Podcast Series Students will be broken up into 10 groups. Every group will be assigned one of the following topics : McCarthy, Domestic Communism and Blacklisting Atomic Testing in the American West, “Mutual Assured Destruction” doctrine and disarmament policies Effects of foreign policy on domestic policy and vice versa Reagan Administration and the end of the Cold War Truman Doctrine Berlin Blockade Korean War Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis Vietnam War Latin American Policy Every group will research their assigned topic and create a Powerpoint presentation that must include text, images, and sound or video. Students can also decide to make their presentations on Prezi , Knovio or other similar sites. After being provided with a rubric that describes expectations, students will share their presentations with the class. Students will create two seasons of a Podcast Series by having each group work on an episode. In every episode, student groups must include an explanation of the event and its context, an interview, and a discussion that connects that event with any topic covered via multimedia presentations. The first season includes five episodes regarding U.S. Middle East policy (e.g. Yom Kippur War, OPEC and the 1973 Oil Crisis, Iran Hostage Crisis, Iran-Contra Affair, and the Gulf War). The second season includes five episodes that discuss relations between U.S. and Mexico (e.g., Bracero Program, Chamizal Dispute, Immigration Reform and Control Act, NAFTA, and the DREAM Act). Once the two seasons have been completed and submitted, the podcast series will be published online for students to share. Learning Activities

Why I Chose This Topic:

Why I Chose This Topic Following the intense battles of WWII, the Cold War era is an important part of history that shaped the world into the modern era. Many of the foreign policies enacted by the United States had profound impact on many countries around the world –often leading to disastrous results. My interest in this era also stems from being the son of two immigrant parents from Guatemala who personally experienced the effects of the Cold War and U.S. foreign policy in Latin America. Despite its significance, I feel that this unit (11.9) is highly overlooked in high schools; it definitely was during my junior year. This is a shame because it is a content standard that provides a great context to discuss diversity and multiple points of view. So, as a teacher, I aim to highlight the importance of this post-WWII era and the many events that occurred during that time . This unit provides a great opportunity for students to develop their technological abilities and 21 st century skills. Due to the various events that must be covered, unit 11.9 lends itself to encourage project-based learning. These projects will incorporate technology by having students use various tools to create multimedia PowerPoint presentations that contain more than just text. Students will also use sound recording technology and editing software to create their podcast episodes.

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