CYBORGS

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CYBORGS:

CYBORGS BY K.B.ADITHYA & C.KRISHNAMACHARYA

WHAT IS CYBORG ? ?:

WHAT IS CYBORG ? ? Cyborg is a cybernetic organism. The term is defined as an organism that is a self-regulating integration of artificial & natural systems & intelligence. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes an Nathan Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human machine systems in outer space

REASONS FOR EXPERIMENTING:

REASONS FOR EXPERIMENTING It has been a part of human nature. Human has limited memory To overcome serial transmission. Thought communication not speech

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE:

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE BCI s began in the 1970s at the university of California Los Angeles (UCLA) under a grant. Pathway between brain and external device

TYPES OF BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE:

TYPES OF BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE INVASIVE BCI – Implanted into the brain or head of the individual that is designed for. An example of invasive BCI would be a vision BCI. PARTIALLY INVASIVE - These partially invasive devices are injected into some part of the nervous system to collect data while most of the machine rests outside of the head. NON INVASIVE - Non-Invasive indicates that the device does not need to penetrate the skin at all.

INVASIVE BCI PROJECT CYBORG 1.0:

INVASIVE BCI PROJECT CYBORG 1.0 This involved a simple RFID transmitter being implanted beneath Warwick's skin, and used to control doors, lights, heaters, and other computer-controlled devices based on his proximity. The main purpose of this experiment was said to be to test the limits of what the body would accept, and how easy it would be to receive a meaningful signal from the chip.

AIM OF PROJECT 1.0:

AIM OF PROJECT 1.0 Implant communicated via radio waves with a network of antennas. Aim of this experiment was to determine whether information could be transmitted to and from an implant.

RESULTS OF PROJECT 1.0:

RESULTS OF PROJECT 1.0 The door of his laboratory opened as he approached. The computer was aware of exactly what time he arrived in certain rooms and left. A voice box in the entrance foyer of the cybernetics building welcomed his arrival each morning with ‘Hello Professor Warwick’

PROJECT CYBORG 2.0:

PROJECT CYBORG 2.0 The second stage involved a more complex neural interface . This device was implanted on 14 March 2002, and interfaced directly into Warwick's nervous system. The electrode array inserted contained 100 electrodes , of which 25 could be accessed at one time .

CYBORG 2.0:

CYBORG 2.0 By means of the implant, Warwick's nervous system was connected onto the internet in Columbia University , New York. From there he was able to control the robot arm in the University of Reading and to obtain feedback from sensors in the finger tips. The experiment proved successful, and the signal produced was detailed enough that a robot arm was able to mimic the actions of Warwick's own arm

CYBORG PROLIFERATION IN SOCIETY:

CYBORG PROLIFERATION IN SOCIETY IN MEDICAL: Two different types of Cyborgs Restorative technologies “restore lost functions, organs and limbs”. Enhanced Cyborg follows principle of optimal performance that is maximizing output and minimizing input.

IN MEDICAL:

IN MEDICAL Retinal implants are another form of cyborgization to restore vision to people suffering from retinitis pigmentosa and vision loss due to aging and electrical stimulation would act as a substitute for the missing ganglion cells.

IN THE MILITARY:

IN THE MILITARY The “cyborg soldier” often refers to soldier whose weapon and survival systems are integrated into the self, creating a human-machine interface. Military organizations research has recently focused on the utilization of cyborg animals for inter-species relationships for the purposes of a supposed a tactical advantage.

IN THE MILITARY:

IN THE MILITARY DARPA has announced its interest in developing “cyborg insects” to transmit data from sensors implanted into the insect during the pupal stage. The insects motion would be controlled from a MEMS, or and would conceivably surveil an environment and detect explosives or gas.

WHEEL CHAIR CONTROL:

WHEEL CHAIR CONTROL To control an electric wheel chair, a sequential state machine was implemented, with a command signal decoded in real time from the neural signals being used to halt the cycle at the intended action. In this way, the overall control of the wheel chair was made to be as simple as possible

ADVANTAGES:

ADVANTAGES Giving artificial sight to blind people. Would be implemented in almost all fields where human interaction is needed. Diseases could be analyzed and cured in terms of neural impulse signals. To establish intercommunication between two or more peoples without using speech.

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION The use of such technology will upgrade human turning them into cyborgs, presents a much more difficult problem. Who gets an implant and who doesn’t? Who controls their use? Indeed should humans be allowed to upgrade their capabilities and ‘super humans’? Humans now have the potential to control another aspect of their own destiny. It will be interesting to see how quickly and easily this will be brought about.

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