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The Kremlin and St. Basil’s Cathedral: 

The Kremlin and St. Basil’s Cathedral Neil Treni Global Connections

Russian Federation Map: 

Russian Federation Map

Russian Federation Information : 

Russian Federation Information The Russian Federation - Largest of the 21 republics that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States Was the center of the Communist empire, Cold War with the United States, is the government center of the Russian Federation, site of many international meetings Located in both Europe and Asia Area – 17,075,200 mi.2 Population – 144,530,000 Capital – Moscow Currency – Ruble

Russian Federation Information: 

Russian Federation Information People - 79.8% Russian, 3.8% Tatar, 2% Ukrainian, 1.2% Bashkir, 1.1% Chuvash, 0.9% Chechen, 0.8% Armenian, 10.3% non-specified ethnicity Climate – Steppes in the south, humid continental in European Russia, Subarctic in Siberia, tundra climate in the polar north Imports – Machinery, consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, and semi-finished metal products Exports – Petroleum, natural gas, wood, metals, chemicals, and civilian and military manufactures

Russian Federation Culture: 

Russian Federation Culture Government – Semi-Presidental Federal Republic Language – Russian (82%), Ukrainian, Byelorussian Religion – Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% Education - Literacy rate 100%, focus on reading and math, must pass rigorous tests for further two years of secondary education, even tougher to attend a university Technology – defense industries including radar, missile production, vehicles, aircraft

Russian Federation Culture: 

Russian Federation Culture Art – Porcelain collections, Fabrege, Jewelry Music – Classical, Folk, Pop, Hip Hop, Rock Recreation – Camping, Golf, Hiking Customs – Russia Day, 12 June (1990) Food – Main courses: Potato, bread, eggs, meat, butter Desserts – Pancakes, Oladi, Pastries Tvorog, Syrniki

The Kremlin: 

The Kremlin The Kremlin is a historic fortified complex in Moscow, Russia Serves as the official residence of the President of Russia Includes Red Square, four palaces, four cathedrals Enclosed by the Kremlin wall with Kremlin towers

Kremlin - History: 

Kremlin - History Continuously inhabited since the 2nd millennium BC The word "kremlin" was first recorded in 1331 Kremlin means fortress First stone structures were built late 1320s and early 1330s Buildings have undergone many transformations depending on who was in power at the time

St. Basil’s Cathedral: 

St. Basil’s Cathedral Commissioned by Ivan the Terrible 1555-1561 Named Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed in 1588 after the Russian Orthodox saint Features distinctive onion domes

History of Major Structures: 

History of Major Structures Churches of Cathedral Square built 1479-1508 Kremlin wall and towers built 1485-1495 Ivan the Great Bell Tower built 1505-1508 Grand Kremlin Palace was constructed in 1839-1849 to serve as the residence of the Tsar

Cathedral Square: 

Cathedral Square The heart of the Kremlin Surrounded by six buildings, including three cathedrals Cathedral of the Dormition - 1479 the main church of Moscow and where all the Tsars were crowned Cathedral of the Annunciation - 1489 Cathedral of the Archangel Michael – 1508

Kremlin wall and towers: 

Kremlin wall and towers Forms an irregular triangle Area = 275,000 square meters (68 acres) Length = 2235 meters (2444 yards) Height ranges from 5 to 19 meters There are 20 towers in all All are square, except three have circular sections

Ivan the Great Bell Tower: 

Ivan the Great Bell Tower Tallest of the bell towers that ring the Kremlin Height = 81 meters (266 feet) Marks Moscow's precise geographic center

Grand Kremlin Palace: 

Grand Kremlin Palace Built 1837 - 1851 Length = 125 meters Height = 47 meters Area = 25,000 square meters Has over 700 rooms

Slide15: 

Red Square Considered the central square of Moscow and Russia Separates the Kremlin from a historic merchant quarter Major streets of Moscow radiate from it in all directions Named from the Russian word, krasnaya, meaning either "red" or "beautiful"

Bibliography: 

Bibliography http://www.visaexpress.net/russia/arts.htm http://www.waytorussia.net/WhatIsRussia/RussianFood www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/countrylisting.html Geography.about.com/library/blank/blxindex.htm www.factmonster.com/countries.html www.studentsoftheworld.info/menu_infopays.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kremlin

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