First Responder Awareness Level Training : First Responder Awareness Level Training UNIT 1 - “Preparation” Unit Objectives : Unit Objectives Identify OSHA and EPA training requirements
Identify the role of the Awareness Level First Responder
Identify the roles of the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) and the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) Hazardous Materials : Hazardous Materials Defined in numerous ways
U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Extremely Hazardous Substances Hazardous Materials Incidents : Hazardous Materials Incidents “Haz-Mat” incidents are unique incidents. They require specialized protective measures not normally available to first responders AND they demand a different operational approach! Mechanisms of Harm : Mechanisms of Harm T.E.A.M. C.P.R.
Mechanical Public Safety “Duty to Act” : Public Safety “Duty to Act” Public safety responders have a “Duty to Act”.
Your level of involvement is defined by your employer’s Emergency Response Plan (ERP).
The actions you are expected to take should be in Standard Operating Procedure format.
NEVER exceed your level of training and protection! Awareness Level Response Goals : Awareness Level Response Goals Recognition
Notification North American Emergency Response Guidebook : North American Emergency Response Guidebook Your tool for success.
Every emergency vehicle should have a copy.
An aid for identification of the material involved.
Outlines basic initial actions.
Recommends protective action areas.
Serves as an initial incident safety plan. Legal Mandates : Legal Mandates Superfund Amendments and Re-Authorization Act of 1986 (SARA 1986).
SARA Title I, Section 126 mandated OSHA to develop safety regulations for responders.
SARA Title III requires local communities and facilities to plan and prepare for hazardous materials emergencies. Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HazWOpER) : Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HazWOpER) OSHA and EPA’s safety standard which was developed in accordance with the mandate of SARA Title I, Section 126.
Codified as OSHA 29 CFR 1910.120 and EPA 40 CFR 311.
Enforced in Florida by the Florida Department of Labor and Employment Security as well as OSHA and EPA. Five Levels of Training : Five Levels of Training First Responder Awareness Level
First Responder Operational Level
Hazardous Materials Technician
Hazardous Materials Specialist
Hazardous Materials Incident Commander Operational Modes : Operational Modes Awareness and Operational level responders take DEFENSIVE actions.
Technicians and Specialists take OFFENSIVE actions.
The Incident Commander coordinates the response and is ultimately responsible for safety. Unit Summary : Unit Summary Definition and difference
T.E.A.M. C.P.R. lists the potential hazards
Duty to Act
Four roles for awareness responders R.I.P. NOT!
Employer’s Emergency Response Plan
Five levels of training
Two operational modes First Responder Awareness Level Training : First Responder Awareness Level Training Unit 2 - “Hazard Identification” Unit 2 - Hazard Identification : Unit 2 - Hazard Identification Unit Objectives:
- Identify the six clues to the presence of hazardous materials.
- Identify the various hazard classes of hazardous materials.
- Describe ways in which you can determine the specific identity of a hazardous material. Remember your four goals! : Remember your four goals! Recognition
Notification Six Basic Clues to Recognition : Six Basic Clues to Recognition 1 - Occupancy and location
2 - Container shape and size
3 - Placards and labels
4 - Shipping papers/facility
5 - Markings and colors
6 - Human senses Clue # 1 - Occupancy and Location : Clue # 1 - Occupancy and Location Specific occupancy or general area
Five modes of hazardous materials transportation
Rail, air, marine, highway and pipeline
Drug lab considerations Clue # 2 - Container Shape and Size : Clue # 2 - Container Shape and Size Classifications
Portable, fixed or transportation
Non-pressurized, low or high pressure
Vapor Pressure and Storage
The higher the pressure, the greater the potential for catastrophic failure
BLEVE Clue # 3 - Placards and Labels : Clue # 3 - Placards and Labels Placards and their limitations
Not always required
The 1000 pound rule
Placards and labels used for transport are based upon DOT Hazard Class
Nine Hazard Classes
Subdivided into divisions
Refer to page 11 of 1996 ERG Hazard Class 1 - Explosives : Hazard Class 1 - Explosives Subdivided into 6 divisions
1.1 - Mass explosion hazard
1.2 - Projectile hazard
1.3 - Fire, minor blast or projectile
1.4 - Minor explosion
1.5 - Very insensitive explosives
1.6 - Extremely insensitive Hazard Class 2 - Gases : Pressurized or liquified
Compressed nitrogen and liquified petroleum gases (LPG) are examples
Product and container present hazards
2.1 - Flammable gases
2.2 - Non-Flammable, Non-Poisonous
2.3 - Poisonous Gases Hazard Class 2 - Gases Hazard Class 3 - Flammable/Combustible Liquids : Hazard Class 3 - Flammable/Combustible Liquids Flammable Liquids can be ignited at room temperature
Combustible Liquids require some degree of pre-heating to ignite
Number 1 rule - eliminate ignition sources Hazard Class 4 - Flammable Solids : Hazard Class 4 - Flammable Solids Three subdivisions
4.1 - Flammable Solids
4.2 - Spontaneously Combustible
4.3 - Dangerous when wet Hazard Class 5 - Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides : Hazard Class 5 - Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides Oxidizers release oxygen to enhance or intensify burn
With strong fuels, oxidizers can create conditions which which can lead to violent combustion
Many Organic Peroxides are very unstable Hazard Class 6 - Poisonous and Infectious Substances : Hazard Class 6 - Poisonous and Infectious Substances Poisonous to human
Can include severely irritating substances
“Tear Gas”, Hydrocyanic acid, Carbon Tetrachloride
Potential to cause diseases in humans
Anthrax, human blood and many body fluids Hazard Class 7 - Radioactive Materials : Hazard Class 7 - Radioactive Materials Ionizing radiation hazard
Exposure does not always result in contamination
Time, Distance and Shielding
Shipped in specialized containers Hazard Class 8 - Corrosives : Hazard Class 8 - Corrosives Hazard Class 9 - Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials : Hazard Class 9 - Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials ORM A - Dry Ice
ORM B - Quick Lime, Metallic mercury
ORM C - Asphalt, Battery parts
ORM D - Consumer commodities
ORM E - Hazardous substances and hazardous wastes Pesticide Labels : Pesticide Labels Product name
Precautionary statements Clue # 4 - Shipping Papers and Facility Documents : Clue # 4 - Shipping Papers and Facility Documents Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) : Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Required to be maintained by the Federal Hazard Communication Standard and The Florida Right-to-Know Law
Found at fixed facilities
Provides a variety of information
Emergency Response Plans (ERP)
Emergency Action Plans (EAP) Clue # 5 - Markings and Colors : Clue # 5 - Markings and Colors Container colors are not always standardized
UN/NA identification numbers
NFPA 704 Diamond
Military markings Clue # 6 - Human Senses : Clue # 6 - Human Senses RISK
LEVEL High Low TASTE
SOUND Methods of Identification : Methods of Identification Once you recognize, try to identify
Location of material name
MSDSs (fixed facilities)
Employees and bystanders
If you cannot safely identify, try to classify the material into a hazard class Unit Summary : Unit Summary Goals of recognition and identification
Recognize, Classify, Identify
Six clues to the presence of hazardous materials
Occupancy and location, container shape and size, placards and labels, shipping papers and facility documents, markings and colors, the human senses
There are nine general classes of hazardous materials First Responder Awareness Level Training : First Responder Awareness Level Training Unit 3 - “Taking Control” Objectives : Objectives Identify the procedures for initiating your Emergency Response Plan.
Identify the proper procedures for implementing protective action distances.
Take actions necessary to properly isolate the incident. NA-ERG : NA-ERG North American Emergency Response Guidebook
Purpose & Limitations Steps for Proper Use of the ERG : Steps for Proper Use of the ERG Recognize & Identify Hazardous Materials
Four digit ID number
Look up the guide page number
Take basic protective actions according to the guide page
Initiate isolation and evacuation according to protective action distances Basic Protective Actions : Basic Protective Actions Your approach
Your main objectives
Protect by preventing contamination
Initiate your Emergency Response Plan (Notify) Proper Guide Page Use : Proper Guide Page Use Table of Protective Action Distances : Table of Protective Action Distances Protective Action Options : Protective Action Options Shelter in-place
Short duration incidents
Greater hazard to attempt to move
Impractical to evacuate
Potential for massive fire or explosion
Long duration incidents Emergency Response Information : Emergency Response Information Firefighting
Definition of “Haz-Mat Fire”
Defensive Vs. Offensive
Role of the awareness responder
Spill / Leak Control
Not an awareness level role
Remember to prevent secondary contamination Summary : Summary ERG provides guidelines
You can find a guide page by:
Name, ID number or placard comparison
Basic instructions - page 1
Orange guide pages
Green protective action pages First Responder Awareness Level Training : First Responder Awareness Level Training Unit 4 - “Termination” Objectives : Objectives Identify the three actions necessary for proper termination
Identify the information that should be received by responders during onscene debriefing Reasons for Termination : Reasons for Termination Required by OSHA
Relates important information to the responders
Insures exposures are documented
Insures that we improve our future responses Steps to Proper Termination : Steps to Proper Termination On-scene debriefing
After action analysis