Types of Fruits

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Types of Fruits:

Types of Fruits

Indehiscent Fruits:

Indehiscent Fruits Dry fruits which do not split along definite lines to release seeds at maturity.


Examples: Achene Samara Caryopsis Nut


Achene Seed coat not fused with ovary wall.

Achene: Sunflower Seed:

Achene: Sunflower Seed


Samara Ovary wall forms a winglike structure. Dry; frequently used for seed dispersal by wind.

Samara: maple:

Samara: maple

Caryopsis (grain):

Caryopsis (grain) Seed coat fused with ovary wall.

Caryopsis(grain): corn:

Caryopsis(grain): corn


Nut Ovary wall is tough and woody.

Nut: acorn:

Nut: acorn

Dehiscent fruits:

Dehiscent fruits Fruits which open at maturity to shed their seeds.


Examples: Follicle Legume Capsule


Follicle Fruit splits open along ONE seam.

Follicle: milkweed:

Follicle: milkweed


Legume Fruit splits open along TWO seams.

Legume: bean:

Legume: bean


Capsule Fruit opens by various means, usually along more than two seams.

Capsule: lily:

Capsule: lily

Fleshy Fruits:

Fleshy Fruits Fruit is generally moist and often edible.


Examples: Drupe Berry False Berry Hesperidium Pome


Drupe Fruit is fleshy all the way out to the covering. Woody interior covering. The seed is covered by a very hard cover. Sometimes these are called stone fruits.

Drupe: plum, peach, almond, cherry:

Drupe: plum, peach, almond, cherry


Berry Fruit is fleshy all the way out to the covering, which is usually thin. Interior seeds are NOT covered by a hard coat.

Berry: grape, tomato:

Berry: grape, tomato

False Berry:

False Berry Looks like a berry, but often has a harder outer coat. Seeds are clustered in the middle rather than throughout the fruit.

False Berry: cucumber, squash, pumpkin, cantaloupe:

False Berry: cucumber, squash, pumpkin, cantaloupe

Hesperidium (not on your key):

Hesperidium (not on your key) Outer soft rind which is white on the inside. Citrus Fruits belong here.

Hesperidium: orange, lemon, grapefruit:

Hesperidium: orange, lemon, grapefruit


Pome Fruit is fleshy out to the covering. A few seeds are inside a core which is not eaten because it has a leathery interior coating.

Pome: pear, apple:

Pome: pear, apple

Aggregate Fruits:

Aggregate Fruits Fruit composed of mature ovaries from separate pistils of one flower Example: raspberry, strawberry

Multiple Fruits:

Multiple Fruits Fruit composed of mature ovaries from several flowers. Example: pineapple

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