special education in Greece

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Special Education in the Greek Setting 13th Gymnasio of Patras:

Special Education in the Greek Setting 13 th Gymnasio of Patras 13 th Gymnasio of Patras

 The Greek Constitution ensures that all citizens receive free education, and obliges the State to provide support to students with special needs. :

The Greek Constitution ensures that all citizens receive free education, and obliges the State to provide support to students with special needs.

Provisions for Special Needs Education :

Provisions for Special Needs Education Six official categories of special needs exist: Mental retardation Sensor / motor disabilities (blind and deaf) Motor impairments and other he alth problems Speech and language problems Learning disabilities (dyslexia, discalculia etc.) Emotional disturbances

Law 3699/2008 SEN students have equal access to::

Law 3699/2008 SEN students have equal access to: A. National education system Law 3699 establishes the compulsory nature of education for students with disabilities and special educational needs, affirming that it is an integral part of public free education and promoting the principle of integrated education . According to the above assessment on the type and the degree of disability that a student has, they may be enrolled in: a) mainstream schools attending either the regular classroom with parallel support or special sections/classes of the school, or b) Special Education Schools. The Special Education Schools cover pre-school, primary and secondary education levels including vocational education.

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B. National vocational training and lifelong learning systems As regards the national examinations for entry to higher education (Pan-Hellenic exams), special examination arrangements are made for disabled or special needs students: e.g. oral examinations for blind pupils.

Special needs education in public schools can be offered :

Special needs education in public schools can be offered In inclusive classes within the mainstream school In mainstream classes with one-to-one support In special schools In special classes within hospitals or institutions At home

….within a European framework:

….within a European framework Greece belongs to the countries where policy and practices developed, are geared towards the inclusion of almost all pupils within mainstream education (one-track approach). This is supported by a wide range of services focusing on the mainstream school. This approach can also be found in Spain, Italy, Portugal, Sweden, Iceland, Norway and Cyprus.

Supporting the families:

Supporting the families Families in most countries benefit from tax reduction. This reduction takes account of the fact that in general families with disabled children must cope with higher expenses than other families. This tax reduction is related to the disability and is established taking into account the same conditions as the ones used for increased family allowances. For example, in Greece the child must have a 67% decrease in physical or mental capacities to benefit from these aids. There are advantages given to parents in relation to their living and working conditions.

How to enroll a child for Special Education?:

How to e nroll a c hild for Special Education ? In order for a child to be placed in a Greek programme for special needs, including Dyslexia and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD) programmes, they must be assessed at an evaluation centre (Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Support for Special Educational Needs , KEDDY) or at an approved paediatric or psychiatric facility, to obtain certification of their problems . .

KEDDY: Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Support for Special Educational Needs Centres:

KEDDY : Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Support for Special Educational Needs Centres

The KEDDY centres provide and coordinate services for children with special educational needs at the local level, operating as decentralised units of the Ministry of Education. They are the main body responsible for::

The KEDDY centres provide and coordinate services for children with special educational needs at the local level, operating as decentralised units of the Ministry of Education . They are the main body responsible for: Providing diagnoses for the purpose of determining special educational needs Recommending the placement of children with SEN in the appropriate school Providing advisory services and guidance to pupils, parents and teachers Providing special pedagogical support at home (in special cases) Providing early intervention services By law, every Prefecture in Greece (54 in total) has an evaluation team consisting of elementary and secondary school teachers, a psychologist and a medical doctor, as well as physiotherapists and school workers. In addition, school administrators, parents, and physical education teachers often decide on the participation of special needs students in physical education classes. The KEDDYs of the two major cities (Athens and Thessaloniki) are also expected to include specialists in Greek sign language, in mobility training, and vocational guidance for people with vision problems.

Case Study: Special Technical Vocational Schools:

Case Study: Special Technical Vocational Schools Integration of people with special needs in society, in all sectors of life, is considered essential Right approach, proper educational establisment , chances to develop their special potential T h ese school s w ere set up * close to those children's needs * open to the community * with students capable of being trained , able to be integrated in the production process having equal opportunities with the students who attend the other schools

A few words about Special Technical Vocational Schools:

A few words about Special Technical Vocational Schools Special education secondary schools Τ echnical education General & specialized courses Two grades (junior & senior high school) Students with special educational needs , aged from 14 to 24, having graduated from primary schools, special primary schools and junior secondary schools

Some areas of training…..:

Some areas of training….. Mechanical Engineering with the specialization of Refrigeration and Air conditioning installations Electrical Engineering with the specialization of Building and Industrial Space installations Applied Arts with the specialization of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art Economics and Management with the specialization of Financial Services Clerks Health and Social Care with the specialization of Nursing, Lab and Pharmacy Assistants

Towards boosting personal and social skills of the students:

Towards boosting personal and social skills of the students Main framework of operation of the Special Technical Vocational School of Patras Small classes Individualized instruction Continuous support from Specialized educational staff ( psychologists , social workers , speech therapists ) Co-operation with parents Co-operation with community

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Participation in educational programmes Health Education , Cultural , Environmental School Newspaper Network Lifelong Learning Leonardo Da Vinci Participation in athletic events Ε xcursions and school visits Participation in different contests Preparation of school events

Boosting personal and social skills of the students:

Boosting personal and social skills of the students Emphasis on provision of opportunities for: ■ Success & distinction ■ Participation & co-operation ■ Self-expression & creativity ■ New experiences ■ Taking on responsibility ■ Sensitization to important issues ■ Practical training ■ Socialization

Boosting personal and social skills of the students:

Boosting personal and social skills of the students Continuous support from Specialized educational staff ( psychologists , social workers , speech therapists ) through: Regular and extra sessions Individual sessions or in small groups Communication with parents and community

Expected outcomes:

Expected outcomes Positive change in students’ behaviour and performance Self-adjustment of behaviour Increased self-esteem Improved social skills Cases of radical changes

Newspaper created by the Students of Special Technical Vocational School of Patras:

Newspaper created by the Students of Special Technical Vocational School of Patras

SEN School Units in Greece :

SEN School Units in Greece number % Primary Education 1124 94.3 Secondary Education 68 5.7 Total 1192 100.0

The vast majority of SEN learners (56.2%) in Greece are diagnosed with learning difficulties:

The vast majority of SEN learners (56.2%) in Greece are diagnosed with learning difficulties

References:

References http://www.pi- s chools.gr/special_education_new/html/gr/8emata/xartis/ereuna_main.htm https://www.european-agency.org/publications/ereports/special-needs-education-in-europe/sne_europe_el.pdf

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