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Presentation of Slovnia

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Slovenia : 

Slovenia anthem

Our anthem is about… : 

Our anthem is about… [...]God's blessing on all nations,Who long and work for that bright day,When o'er earth's habitationsNo war, no strife shall hold its sway;Who long to seeThat all men freeNo more shall foes, but neighbours be.[...]

Where are we? : 

Where are we?

Slide 4: 

Area: 20.000 km2 Borders: Italy (West), Austria (North), Hungary (East), Croatia (South)

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Population: appr. 2 million people Capital city: Ljubljana (270.000 inhabitants) Language: Slovenian Currency: Euro - € untill 1.1.2007 Slovenian tolar - SIT Ljubljana

From the coast to the mountains : 

From the coast to the mountains Four geographical units meet in Slovenia: the Alps the Mediterranean the Pannonian Plain the Dinaric karst world

The Alps : 

The Alps The Alps, a European mountain arc, begin or end in Slovenia… depending on your perspective Slovenes like to say they live »on the sunny side of the Alps«.

Slide 10: 

Triglav=the highest mountain

The Mediterranean : 

The Mediterranean 46 km of coastline. famous are the Sečovlje saltpanes (traditional way of salt making) Piran Izola

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Koper

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Portorož

The Karst : 

The Karst 8, 100 underground caves in Slovenia 25 of them have been arranged for sightseeing most beautiful of them are the Škocjan caves, which have been included among UNESCO's World heritage sites, and the Postojna cave, which has been visited by more than 10 million admirers so far.

Slide 16: 

Postojnska jama

Slide 17: 

Škocjanske jame

The Pannonian Plain : 

The Pannonian Plain home of the white stork more than 300 nesting sites of the white stork

Slide 20: 

a proteus, or human fish 60% of Slovenia is covered with forest rich in waters (lakes, rivers, streams and waterfalls) the most famous are the Bled lake with its small island in the middle the Soča river because of its beautiful emerald colour. the Cerknica lake, which is one of the largest seasonal lakes in the world – in its high-water season it measures up to 24 km2 Še soča, Cerkn. Jezero..

Slide 21: 

Bled Bohinj Triglavska j…

How Slovenia became Slovenia – the history : 

How Slovenia became Slovenia – the history The names »Slovani«, »Slovini«, or »Slovenci« derive from the root »slovo« (word) and mean people of the same word, i.e. those who understand each other. The predecessors of today's Slovenes first settled the territory in the 6th century. However, Slovenia is a fairly young state. The Slovenes only got their own republic within the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia after the end of the Second World War. In 1990, a movement for an autonomous state began, and in June 1991, Slovenia proclaimed its independence. On 1st May 2005, Slovenia became an official member of the European Union.

»Kurenti« and »pisanice« - customs and traditions : 

»Kurenti« and »pisanice« - customs and traditions Flowers: In Slovenia,“a house is no house if there are no flowers decorating the windows or balconies”. The national flowers carnation (northern Slovenia) and rosemary (Slovene Littoral). Music: Traditional music is a kind of polka style, and no celebration in Slovenia can be imagined without the accordion; the guitar, trumpet, tube, flute are some of other popular instruments. »Kurent«: one of the traditional masks of the Carnival season. Boys and men dressed in sheep skins with long red tongues, maces in their hands, and cowbells hanging from their belts drive away the winter and herald the spring. Small bread: honey pastry made of rye or white flour, honey, pepper, cinnamon and cloves, usually made in the shape of a heart. In the past, boys would give these to girls as a sign of affection.

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»Pisanice« are Easter eggs, traditionally coloured with onion skins, or with patterns and decorations scratched on them with a small knife. Other traditional handicrafts include lace, woodcarving, pottery, chrystal... Beehives: beekeeping has a long tradition in Slovenia. In the past, Slovene beekepers decorated the front panels of their beehives with religious, historical and humorous paintings; such paintings cannot be found anywhere else in the world! Horseriding: the Lipizzaner is the native breed of horse; their speciality is their white colour– but they are all born black! LIPICANCI!

Time for lunch – food and drinks : 

Time for lunch – food and drinks The Slovene cuisine is very diverse: each region has its own typical dishes. The pig is said to be the king of animals in Slovenia and pork meat is still the main dish in most Slovene homes. The most common pork meat speciality is a sausage; the Karst region is famous for its pršut (wind-cured ham). Popular everyday dishes are often made of potatoes, beans, and cabbage. Slovenes consider bread very important. There is practically no meal without bread, and the day when bread was baked was once a feast in the Slovene countryside. A lot of traditional dishes are made of buckwheat, for example, žlikrofi, or štruklji (dumplings), which can be boiled or baked, sweet or savoury… More than 50 different kinds of štruklji are prepared in Slovenia. Some typical sweets: potica, a roll cake made with different fillings from wallnuts, poppy seeds to tarragon or cracklings; gibanica, a cake made of wallnuts, poppy seeds, cottage cheese and apples.

Out into the nature – sports and free time : 

Out into the nature – sports and free time The Slovenes like to travel. One of favourite free-time activities is spending time in nature, mountain climbing, etc. A very popular destination is also the seaside, especially in summer. The Slovenes are keen on sports and are very proud of the achievements of Slovenian sporspeople. Skiing is considered to be the national sport, and Slovenia boasts with the largest ski-jump competition in the world. Other popular sports are football, basketball, handball, and athletics.

Some useful phrases : 

Some useful phrases Greetings: Dobro jutro = Good morning Dober dan = Good day Dober večer = Good evening Lahko noč = Good night Živjo = Hello. Adijo = Bye. Nasvidenje = See you later. Introductions: Ime mi je… = My name is… Kako ti je ime? = What’s your name? To je… = This is… Me veseli. = Pleased to meet you. Prihajam iz… = I come from… Od kod prihajaš? = Where are you from? Star-a sem… = I am … years old. Koliko si star-a? = How old are you? Other phrases: Ja = Yes Ne = No Rad-a bi… = I would like… Prosim. = Please. Hvala. = Thank you. Ni za kaj. = You’re welcome. Oprosti. = I’m sorry. Koliko je ura? = What’s the time? Kako si? = How are you? Hvala, dobro. = Fine, thank you. Izvoli. = Here you are. Na zdravje. = Cheers. Dober tek. = Good appetite

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