WAR OF 1812

Category: Education

Presentation Description

causes and results of 1812 war


Presentation Transcript

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War of 1812 Second American Revolution

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Manning the Navy English engraving showing the impressment of American sailors into the British navy from American ships was one of the more prominent causes of the War of 1812. This 1790 engraving shows an American sailor being seized at gunpoint while those who might try to assist him are elbowed aside. Library of Congress

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Chesapeake Encounter with the Leopard A painting of the British frigate Leopard firing its guns into the U.S.S. Chesapeake when the U.S. ship refused to be searched for British deserters. The British boarded the subdued Chesapeake and seized four deserters three of them American citizens. Americans were humiliated and angered by the British violation of American rights.

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Steps Toward WAR • British French decrees • No trade at all • Chesapeake Leopard affair…1806 • Embargo Act …1807 • Non – Intercourse act … 1808

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Macon’s Bill No. 2 -1810 • America bribed France and Great Britain • U.S.would start trade with whomever repealed trade restrictions first. • Napoleon readily accepted • America becomes indirect Ally of France NO.2

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War Hawks Arise • New faces in Congress “The Boys” • old timers dying off • Youngsters did not have a war of their own • Henry Clay - Kentucky 34 years old • Western War Hawks - Wipe out Indian resistance

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The Shawnee Chief Tecumseh Tecumseh and his brother Prophet led a revival of traditional Shawnee culture and preached Native American federation against white encroachment. In the War of 1812 they allied themselves with the British but Tecumsehs death at the Battle of the Tames 1813 and British indifference thereafter caused Native Americans resistance and unity to collapse. The Shawnee chief Tecumseh

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Tecumseh’s Alliance • Tecumseh was Shawnee • Stop West push of USA • Formed Confederacy all Indians east of Miss. • Do the BOOZE you LOSE

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Battle of Tippecanoe • Gen. Wm. H. Harrison advanced with 1000 men • Nov. 7 1811 - repels a surprise attack • torched the Indian settlement Indiana

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Results of Tippecanoe • broke the back of the Indian Rebellion • More fuel for the War Hawks • Rekindled Opposition to the British • “On to Canada On to Canada”

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Reasons for War • Incitement of Indians • Impressment of Sailors • Blockade of American products to Europe

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Declaration of War • June 1 1812 • House: 79-49 for war • Senate: 19-13 for war • Nation divided • Northeast led by Federalists was strongly against war WAR

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False Hopes • United States Canada • 7 million population - 500000 • 7000 regular troops - 8500 troops • 16 Vessels in Navy - 97 Vessels in GB. • U.S. Military was in bad state • Britain was at war with France

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Early Defeats in 1812 • U.S. stage a 3 pronged attack • each was beaten quickly • British and Canadian Spirit • Gen. Brock British versus “Gen. Mud and Confusion”

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Naval Supremacy in 1812 • Control of Great Lakes was vital • Failure on land- made U.S. look to the seas • “Constitution” defeated two British vessels • “United States” Stephen Decaturwas victorious

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Washington in Flames • 4000 British Troops landed in Chesapeake Bay • Reached D.C. and burned all public buildings • Ft. McHenry was successfully defended sea and land • Star-Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key writes ‘Star Spangled Banner”

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New Orleans- 1814 • Andrew Jackson and 5000 men free blacks • Met 10000 British • British attack no match for entrenched American Rifles • 2000 British Casualties • “All in vein”- peace treaty already signed NEXT BATTLE WE Don`t use THE RED COATS

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The Battle of New Orleans 1815

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Treaty of Ghent • Dec. 24 1814 - Treaty signed • Feb. 14 1815 - Senate ratified • John Quincy Adams led America • Ended in Draw just like the War • “Not One Inch of Territory Lost” versus “On to Canada”

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Hartford Convention Death of the Federalists

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Results of 1812 • Growth of American Nationalism • Strengthening of Isolationism • Increase Westward Expansion and Migration • Encouragement of American Industry • Disappearance of Federalist Party • Rise of Andrew Jackson

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