BASIC REFRIGERATION CYCLE

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

THE PRESENTATION SHOWS FUNDAMENTAL ASPECT OF REFRIGERATION AND BASIC REFRIGERATION CYCLE. IT COVERS GTU ELEMENTS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SUBJECT SYLLABUS OF REFRIGERATION PART

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING Refrigeration may be defined as the process of removing heat from a body or enclosed space so tat its temperature is first lowered and then maintained at a level below the temperature of surroundings. The system maintained at the lower temperature is known as refrigerated system while equipment used to maintain this lower temperature is known as refrigerating equipment. Work is required to transfer heat from lower temperature body to higher temperature body. Amount heat removed by refrigerating equipment from refrigerated system is known as refrigerating effect. Unit – kJ/s. Effectiveness of refrigeration is given by Co-efficient of Performance (COP). COP = Refrigerating effect/Work supplied Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 2: 

Applications Comfort air conditioning of auditoriums, hospitals, residents, offices, hotels etc. Manufacturing and preservation of medicine. Storage and transportation of food stuffs such as dairy products, fruits, vegetables, meat, fish etc. Processing of textiles, printing work and photographics materials. Manufacturing of ice. Cooling of concrete for dam. Treatment of air for blast furnace. Processing of petroleum and other chemical products. Production of Rocket fuel. Computer functioning. Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 3: 

Refrigerant The working substance used in refrigeration equipment is known as refrigerant. Some desirable properties of regrigerants are listed below. High latent heat of evaporation and low specific volume. Good thermal conductivity for rapid heat transfer. Non-toxic, non-flamable and non-corrosive. Low saturatio pressure. Reasonable cost and should be available easily. Stable and should decompose under any condition. High critical pressure. High COP. Commonoly used refrigerants are R12(CCl2F2), R22(CHClF2), NH3 , CO2, water and air. Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 4: 

Unit of Refrigeration The unit of refrigeration is ton of refrigeration or simply ton denoted by TR. One ton of refrigeration means amount of heat required to remove from one short ton of water at 00C to produce ice at 00C at 24 hours. The latent heat of ice is 334.9 kJ/Kg and one hourt tons equals to 907.18 kg therefore 1 ton of refrigeration equals to 1 TR = (334.9 x 907.18) / (24 x 3600) = 3.516 kW Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 5: 

CLASSIFICATION Natural Refrigerators Mechanical Refrigerators Gas Refrigerators Vapour Refrigerators Vapour Compression Refrigerators Vapour Absorption Refrigerators Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 6: 

Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle

Slide 7: 

Advantages and Disadvantages ADVANTAGES: Smaller in size. Low running cost. High C.O.P. Temperature change by just control valve. DISADVANTAGES: Requires greater safety and prevention of leaks due to the use of inflammable and toxic vaports of refrigerants. Initial cost is high. Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 8: 

Vapour Absorption Refrigeration Cycle

Slide 9: 

Air Regrigeration System

Slide 10: 

Window Air Conditioning System

Slide 11: 

Window Air Conditioning System

Slide 12: 

Window Air Conditioning System Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 13: 

Split Air conditioning System Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

Slide 15: 

Split Air conditioning System Chetan M. Patel, R.K.College,India

authorStream Live Help