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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: The English Restoration Slide 2: T he Restoration of the monarchy began in 1660 when the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were all restored under Charles II after the Interregnum that followed the Wars of The Three Kingdoms. The term Restoration may apply both to the actual event by which the monarchy was restored, and to the period immediately following the event. Historical context : Historical context When Charles I became king, one of the most turbolent period of the English history started. Because of the fight between Parliament and Monarchy a civil war broke out. In 1649 the execution of Charles I brought England to a Republican experience lead by Oliver Cromwell, who took office as Lord Protector in 1653. When he died in 1658 the Protectorate began to collapse and 1660 Parliament voted to restore Charles II to the throne. Restoration of Charles II : Restoration of Charles II On 4 April 1660, Charles II issued the Declaration of Breda, in which he made several promises in relation to the reclamation of the crown of England. When Charles II became king the monarchy was restablished and the Restoration began. Charles II was a powerless king who is remembered for the easy morality of his court,reflected in much of the literary and artistic production of the time Culture Impacts : Culture Impacts An event as drastic as the English Restoration cannot be without its effects on society. Restoration Comedy : Restoration Comedy The most significant event was the emergence of a form of satirical theatre known as the Restoration Comedy. These sexually explicit comedies poked fun at the various social issues of the times. The Country Wife and The Rover were both produced during this period of uncertain social structures and transformations. Slide 7: In 1660 theatres were reopened after puritan closing and, it was born a new type of theatre characterized by the Comedy of Manners, so called, for its exaggerations of the manners, modes and morals of Upper Classes. Slide 8: Nell Gwynn was one of the first actresses and the mistress of Charles II. Restoration comedy was strongly influenced by the introduction of the first professional actresses. There are many differences between Renaissance dramas and Restoration plays. : There are many differences between Renaissance dramas and Restoration plays. First of all, the audience to whom it is addressed. Slide 10: Besides, numerous changes were applied in a stage design In this way the original Elizabethan theatres disappeared . New theaters with a roof, sets, sophisticated ways of stage lighting and women actors were built. Slide 11: The theatre at Dorset Gardens Restauration literature : Restauration literature There were also far-reaching effects on literature, and a new stream of writing known as Restoration Literature was born. Slide 13: The literature of this period was the laudatory ode that gained a new life with restored aristocracy, the eschatological literature that showed an increasing despair among Puritans. Even classic such as John Milton's Paradise Lost and the Earl of Rochester's Sodom were written during this era. Poetry : Poetry The Restoration was an age of poetry. Not only was poetry the most popular form of literature, but it was also the most significant form of literature, as poems affected political events and immediately reflected the times. Prose Genres : Prose Genres Prose in the Restoration period is dominated by Christian religious writing, but the Restoration also saw the beginnings of two genres that would dominate later periods: fiction and journalism. The end of the Restoration : The end of the Restoration There are several opinions on when the English Restoration actually ended. Some people term only the event of returning of Charles II as the Restoration, while others maintain that his entire regime was the Restoration. Others believe the Restoration applies to the period from Charles II's ascension in 1660 to the fall of James II in 1688. The End : The End Marina Dente Chiara Di Silvio Agnese Ventura You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.