The Tempest

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_OVeRViEw_ ShAkEsPeArE’ LiFe ShaKespEAran SoUrCe ThE TeMpEsT: SuMmAry MaIn CaRaChTers The 5 AcTs Of ThE PlAy ThEmEs: ThEaThEr AnD MuSiC ChArAcTeR’s AnAlyS: °ProsPero °MiRaNdA °ArIel °CALiBaN MeAnInGFUl ExCeRpTs: ° TrInCuLo’S MoNolOgUe ° CaLiBaN’S woRdS °beST qUoTeS eVer PersoNal opiNioNS

_SHaKEsPeAre’S LiFe_: 

_SHaKEsPeAre’S LiFe_ [°HOmE°]


The couple may have arranged the ceremony in some haste, since the Worcester chancellor allowed the marriage banns to be read once instead of the usual three times. Anne's pregnancy could have been the reason for this. Six months after the marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, who was baptised on 26 May 1583.[ Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed almost two years later and were baptised on 2 February 1585. Hamnet died of unknown causes at the age of 11 and was buried on 11 August 1596. After the birth of the twins, there are few historical traces of Shakespeare until he is mentioned as part of the London theatre scene in 1592. There’s legend where Shakespeare fled the town for London to escape prosecution for deer poaching. Another eighteenth-century story has Shakespeare starting his theatrical career minding the horses of theatre patrons in London. He became a member of “Lord’s chamberlaind Men” and,after, a co-owner of the Gloe theatre,pened in 1599. By 1606 he returned in Stratford, where he bought several proprieties, had becoming a well-off man. He died in 1616 in his natal town. [°HOmE°]


_SoUrCe_ [°HOmE°]


A Discovery of The Barmudas, so the event would have been widely known. The overall form of the play is modelled on traditional Italian commedia dell’arte performances, which sometimes featured a magus and his daughter, their supernatural attendants, and a number of rustics. The commedia often featured a clown-figure known as “Arlecchino" and his partner “Brighella”; a lecherous Napolese hunch-back named “Pulcinella," who corresponds to Caliban; and the clever and beautiful "Isabella," whose wealthy and manipulative father, “Pantalone," constantly seeks a suitor for her, thus mirroring the relationship between Miranda and Prospero. In addition, one of Gonzalo's speeches is derived from On Cannibals, an essay by Mointagne that praises the society of the Caribbean natives. And much of Prospero's renunciative speech is taken word for word from a speech by Medea in Ovid's Metamorphoses


_sUmMAry_ The Tempest is write in 1611 and it is one of Shakespeare’comedy. The play treats the theme of forgiveness and is set in a fairy-tale atmosphere of a magic island, magic power and spirits. many character have symbolic relevance: Prospero, the main character. is a good magician, he was the Duke of Milan who has lost his power by his brother Antonio and he was turned adrift to sea with his daughter Miranda, a sensitive girl. They live in an isolate island where the witch Sycorax lives. Thanks to magic power, Prospero frees several spirits imprisoned by the witch. They include Ariel who serves Prospero. They have lived on this island for 12 years. On board there is Antonio, Alonso, the king of Naples, and his son Ferdinando. The passengers are all saved but Antonio believes that Ferdinando has perished and he thinks the same of them. With Prospero’s accordation, Ferdinando and Miranda fall in love. After various events, adventures and conspiracies, Antonio repents and reconciles himself with Prospero. The ship is magically repaired and all embark on it for Italy. [°HOmE°]

_MaiN ChArAcTErS_: 

_MaiN ChArAcTErS_ ProSpErO: He is the play’s protagonist,and father of Miranda.twelve years before the events of the play,Prospero was the duke of Milan.Antonio,his brother,usurped him,forcing him to flee in a boat with her daughter.Prospero had magic power,that gives him the power he need to punish and forgive his enemies. MiRanDa:She is the Prospero’s daughter,and she was brought to the island when she was a child,and so she has never seen any man other then her father and the servant Caliban.She is compassionate,generous,and a sweet lover. CaLiBan:He is the Prospero’s servant.Caliban,the son of the now-deceased witch Sycorax,acquainted Prospero with the island when Prospero arrived.Cxaliban is a deformed monster,and believes that the island was stolen by Prospero. [°HOmE°]


AriEL:The Prospero’s spirit helper,his gender and physical form are ambiguous.He is mischievous and ubiquitous,able to jump in all the island’s part,and able to change the shapes. FeRdInAnD:He is the Alonso’s son and heir to the Naples throne.He falls in love with Miranda upon first sight and happily submist to servitude in order to win her father’s approval. AlOnSo:He is king of Naples and father of Ferdinand. Alonso aided Antonio in useating Prospero as Duke of Milan twelve years before. AnToNio: He is Prospero’s brother. Antonio quickly demonstrated that he is power-hungry and foolish. He persuades Sebastian to kill the sleeping Alonso. Sebastian: he is Alonso’s brother. Like Antonio, he is both aggressive and cowardly. He si easly persuaded to kill his brother, and he initiates the ridiculous story about lions when Gonzalo catches him with his sword drawn. [°HOmE°]

_ThE 5 AcTs_: 

_ThE 5 AcTs_ °°°ACT ONE°°°: It opens during a great storm. A ship in which were King Alonso of Naples and his entourage, who are returning home from the wedding of the King's daughter in Tunis, is tossed by the powerful waves. They are likely to die. On the island near the storm, Prospero and his daughter Miranda are introduced. After a few of pages, We learn that Prospero has created the storm battling Alonso and his ship. Miranda asks Prospero to stop the storm,and Prospero told his story.: he was the Duke of Milan but was banished to this island with Miranda by Antonio, his brother, who stole him the dukedom of milan. We are introduced to Ariel, Prospero's magic fairy who tells us that the men onboard the ship are all in an other side of the island, unharmed. Caliban, a misformed beast is also introduced. Ariel leads Ferdinand to Miranda and the two immediately fall in love. Prospero decides to be rude to Ferdinand, and he captured him. [°HOmE°]


°°ACT TWO°° The rest of the shipwreck survivors wake up on the island. They are surprised that their clothes smell and feel as fresh as if they had never been shipwrecked... Ariel's song puts them all to sleep again except for Sebastian and Antonio. Antonio who replaced his brother Prospero as Duke of Milan manipulates Sebastian, King Alonso's brother into doing the same thing by replacing King Alonso. The two wanted to kill Alonso in his sleep but Ariel awake everyone and the two men quickly make an excuse for had drow their swords out. Trinculo, a jester on the ship, discovers Caliban and quickly realizes that with him he could become rich,using him as a beast in a cirque. After it Stephano,Caliban and Trinculo set off later deciding to kill Prospero.. [°HOmE°]


°°ACT THREE°° Prospero who is now invisible to Ferdinand and Miranda, witnesses Ferdinand and Miranda that are expresssing each other their love. Ferdinand, realizing he is a witness of a rare meeting of hearts,approve Miranda’s marriage. The scene ends with Ferdinand taking Miranda for his wife. Bottle in hand, Stephano, Trinculo and Caliban continue drinking together,and Trinculo thinks Caliban is being foolish to follow Stephano so blindly.Caliban succeeds in convincing Stephano into killing Prospero and taking over the island and suggests him several ways of killing Prospero.Alonso, Sebastian, Antonio, Gonzalo, Adrian and Francisco and others witness see a banquet on the island but it is just an illusion. Ariel returns and verbally punishes Alonso, Antonio and Sebastian because of they had wanted exiling Prospero. [°HOmE°]


°°°ACT FOUR°°° Prospero tells Ferdinand that he won’t punish him, but instead will freely give his daughter's hand in marriage to him. Prospero conjures up a beautiful, mythical, illusory party with goddesses and nymphs to celebrate the marriage. Prospero instructs Ariel to lead the shipwrecked men on the island before him. Remembering Stephano, Caliban and Trinculo, Prospero has Ariel distract them with clothes, Caliban failed to convince his friendskilling Prospero. Prospero promises Ariel that he will be free soon... [°HOmE°]



_ThEmE AnD MoTiFs_: 

_ThEmE AnD MoTiFs_ [°HOmE°]



_Characters’ Analisys_: 

_Characters’ Analisys_ Prospero: He is the protagonist in ”The Tempest” a play by William Shakespeare. He was the Duke of Milan who,with his daughter, Miranda,was sent off on a boat to die by his brother Antonio. Prospero and Miranda survived on the boat and found exile on a small island. He had learned sorcery and uses it on the island to control the other characters. On the island, he became the master of Caliban and Ariel. He is one of Shakespeare’s more enigmatic protagonists. He is a sympathetic character in that he was wronged by his usurping brother, but his absolute power over the other characters and his overwrought speeches make him difficult to like. In our first glimpse of him, he appears puffed up and self-important, and his repeated insistence that Miranda pay attention suggest that his story is boring her.He is similarly unpleasant in his treatment of Ferdinand, leading him to his daughter and then imprisoning and enslaving him.Despite his shortcomings as a man, however, Prospero is central to The Tempest’s narrative. [°HOmE°]


Watching Prospero work through The Tempest is like watching a dramatist create a play, building a story from material at hand and developing his plot so that the resolution brings the world into line with his idea of goodness and justice. Many critics and readers of the play have interpreted Prospero as a surrogate for Shakespeare.Prospero’s final speech, in which he likens himself to a playwright by asking the audience for applause, strengthens this reading of the play, and makes the play’s final scene function as a moving celebration of creativity, humanity, and art. Prospero emerges as a more likable and sympathetic figure in the final two acts of the play. In these acts, his love for Miranda, his forgiveness of his enemies, and the legitimately happy ending his scheme creates all work to mitigate some of the undesirable means he has used to achieve his happy ending. If Prospero sometimes seems autocratic, he ultimately manages to persuade the audience to share his understanding of the world. Because of his powers, some hold that Prospero represents Shakespeare, James I or God.It is likely that the character was based on or at least inspired by Thomas Harriot, a philosopher and scientist with a reputation as a magician in Shakespeare's time. [°HOmE°]


Harriot did explore pre-colonial Virginia and was a member of the Earl of Northumberland's School of Night (with Shakespeare's friend and fellow playwright). However, some scholars agree that the most likely inspiration for the character of Prospero was John Dee, an astronomer/astrologer and a Magus of Queen Elizabeth I's court. But a man who Shakespeare would most probably not have socialized with unless he was himself a courtier or in some way a significant presence in the court and one for whom he would likely have had little exposure to given that he died in 1608 and his influence had long since lapsed. Thomas Harriot though was more of a contemporary of the supposed dramatist, and likely it is for this reason he is often thought to be the inspiration.However, at the end of the play, Prospero drowns his books and renounces magic. [°HOmE°]


Miranda:She is fifteen years old and she is a gentle and compassionate girl, but also relatively passive, heroine. From her very first lines she displays a meek and emotional nature. Miranda does not choose her own husband. Instead, while she sleeps, Prospero sends Ariel to fetch Ferdinand, and arranges things so that the two will come to love one another. After Prospero has given the lovers his blessing, he and Ferdinand talk with surprising frankness about her virginity and the pleasures of the marriage bed while she stands quietly by. Prospero tells Ferdinand to be sure not to “break her virgin-knot” before the wedding night and Ferdinand replies with no small anticipation that lust shall never take away “the edge of that day’s celebration”. In the play’s final scene, Miranda is presented, with Ferdinand, almost as a prop or piece of the scenery as Prospero draws aside a curtain to reveal the pair playing chess.But while Miranda is passive in many ways.The first such moment is in Act I, in which she and Prospero converse with Caliban. Prospero alludes to the fact that Caliban once tried to rape Miranda. These lines are so surprising coming from the mouth of Miranda that many editors have amended the text and given it to Prospero. This reattribution seems to give Miranda too little credit. In Act III, scene I there’s a second surprising moment. As the reader can see in her speech to Caliban in Act I,Miranda is willing to speak up for herself about her sexuality. [°HOmE°]


Ariel: Is a fictional sprite who appears in William Shakespeare's play The Tempest. Ariel is bound to serve the magician Prospero, who rescued him from the tree in which he was imprisoned by Sycorax, the witch who previously inhabited the island. Prospero greets disobedience with a reminder that he saved Ariel from Sycorax's spell, and with promises to grant Ariel his freedom. Ariel is Prospero's eyes and ears throughout the play, using his magical abilities to cause the tempest in Act one which gives the play its name, and to foil other character's plots to bring down his master.The source of Ariel's name and character is unknown, although several critics have pointed out his similarities to the Ariel mentioned in Isaiah chapter 29 in the Bible. The name means "Lion of the Lord", in this sense. Ariel may also be a simple play on the word "aerial".Ariel is widely viewed as a male character, although this view has wavered over the years, especially in the Restoration, when women played the role, for the most part. Ariel first appears in the second scene of the play. He reports to Prospero his success in carrying out his command to shipwreck the King of Naples and his crew in a violent tempest.After being praised by Prospero, Ariel pleads for his freedom from the magician's service in return. Prospero declines, reminding him of the state he was in before Prospero rescued him: Ariel had been trapped by the witch Sycorax in a "cloven pine" as a punishment for resisting her commands. After 12 years of pain Ariel was released from his prison by Prospero. [°HOmE°]


Prospero in return placed him under his service. The magician denies his request for freedom at this time, but promises it in two days, on the condition that he follows the rest of his commands. For the rest of the play, Ariel is Prospero's eyes and ears—spying on the shipwrecked sailors in invisible form.In the second act, Ariel briefly appears in order to stop a conspiracy to kill Alonso, King of Naples. His brother Sebastian, plotted to kill him in his sleep, and Ariel made a noise in his ear to wake him. Ariel also appears in Act Three to foil Caliban's plot to turn the sailors against Prospero and murder him. Later in the same act, he appears with a clap of thunder and rebukes those who were involved in the plot to banish Prospero to the island, displaying his fearful power to the men.The ultimate source from which Shakespeare got the idea for Ariel is as yet unknown, though there have been many candidates proposed by scholars. Sprites or demons such as Ariel were viewed during the Renaissance in either religious or scientific points of view: religion seeing them as either agents of the devil or agents of God, and science viewing them as neutral subjects which could be brought under the control of the wise. Some scholars compare Ariel to demons of the air described in Renaissance demonology, while others claim that he is an archetype of a more neutral category of sprites.The '-el' ending of Shakespeare's name translates in Hebrew as 'God', placing Ariel inline with more benevolent spirits, many of which were listed in sorcery books published in Shakespeare's day with similar suffixes. Jewish demonology, for example, had a figure by the name of Ariel who was described as the spirit of the waters. Another spirit, Uriel, is also comparable. In Isaiah 29, an Ariel is mentioned as another name for Jerusalem. In the Geneva Bible, which Shakespeare and others of the time would have known, the entry carries an interesting footnote describing this Ariel as the "Lyon of God". [°HOmE°]





_CaLiBaN’s WoRdS_: 

_CaLiBaN’s WoRdS_ Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises, Sounds and sweet airs, that give delight and hurt not. Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments    Will hum about mine ears, and sometime voices     That, if I then had waked after long sleep,     Will make me sleep again: and then, in dreaming,    The clouds methought would open and show riches.      Ready to drop upon me that, when I waked,   I cried to dream again. [°HOmE°] [CaLiBaN’S WoRDs]

_tRiNcUlo’s MoNOlOgUe_: 

_tRiNcUlo’s MoNOlOgUe_ [°HOmE°]

_BesT qUoTeS eVeR _: 

_BesT qUoTeS eVeR _ MIRaNdA “O, I have suffered With those that I saw suffer!” she says of the shipwreck, and hearing Prospero’s tale of their narrow escape from Milan, she says “I, not rememb’ring how I cried out then, Will cry it o’er again”[AcT ONe] MIrAnDA “When thou didst not, savage, Know thine own meaning, but wouldst gabble like A thing most brutish, I endowed thy purposes With words that made them known” [aCt oNe].


PrOSpEro “dropped from heaven?” TrInCuLO “Hell is empty And all the devils are here" CaLiBAn “And that most deeply to consider is The beauty of his daughter. He himself Calls her nonpareil. I never saw a woman But only Sycorax, my dam, and she; But she as far surpasseth Sycorax As great'st does least” CaLiBaN “You taught me language; and my profit on't Is, I know how to curse: the red plague rid you, For learning me your language.”


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