Higher Education in India

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I made a presentation on Management of Human Capital : Higher Education in India at CII Summit, Coimbatore, TN, India on 11-11-11

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8th Edition of Regional Summit on Quality in Education “Strategic Sustainable Growth in Higher Education Institutes” :

8 th Edition of Regional Summit on Quality in Education “Strategic Sustainable Growth in Higher Education Institutes” 11 – 12, November, 2011 Organised by CII, Coimbatore at Hotel The Residency

Session No. 2 ‘Effective Resources Management for Sustaining Growth’:

Session No. 2 ‘Effective Resources Management for Sustaining Growth’ “ Managing Human Capital for Sustained Growth ” Prof Chowdari Prasad Nov 11, 2011 11/16/2011 2 CII CMB 2011

Managing of Resources:

Managing of Resources Managing Technology for Sustained Growth Managing Infrastructure ….. Managing Human Capital …………….. – Faculty, Non-Teaching staff (in the Institutions) and others working in Administrative and Policy Making Units 11/16/2011 3 CII CMB 2011

Education : Service Industry:

Education : Service Industry An industry made up of companies that primarily earn revenue through providing intangible products and services . Service industry companies are involved in retail, transport , distribution , food services, as well as other service-dominated businesses. Also called service sector , tertiary sector of industry 11/16/2011 4 CII CMB 2011

Education - Types:

Education - Types Primary/Elementary/ Secondary and Higher Technical Vocational Adult Education Management Education Technology Enabled Learning (Online) & Distance Learning 11/16/2011 5 CII CMB 2011

HE defined…… (Pilot Report):

HE defined…… (Pilot Report) All India Survey on Higher Education, conducted for first time, by DHE, MHRD, GOI (2011) states: - The education, which is obtained after completing 12 years of schooling or equivalent and is of the duration of at least nine months (full time) or after completing 10 years of schooling & and is of the duration of at least 3 years A Pilot Survey to test the Data Capture Format… 11/16/2011 CII CMB 2011 6

Categorisation of HE Institutions:

Categorisation of HE Institutions University & University Level Institutions – established under Central Act, Provincial Act, State Act, Deemed Universities, or by Parliament as IITs, NITs, NIFTs, etc… Colleges / Institutions affiliated to University Institutions not affiliated to University – Stand Alone Institutions – offering PGDM – autonomous under AICTE – eg., TTI, DIET, Polytechnics, Nursing, ICAI, ICSI, ASI, etc.. 11/16/2011 CII CMB 2011 7

20 Major Disciplines : UGC:

20 Major Disciplines : UGC Arts, Humanities, Sciences Commerce / Business Studies Natural Sciences Physical Education Fine Arts Performing Arts 7. Computer Applications / Information Technology 8. Management / Business Administration 9. ………….. ………….. 20. Law 11/16/2011 8 CII CMB 2011

Professional Councils (UGC):

Professional Councils (UGC) AICTE Medical Council of India Indian Council for Agricultural Research National Council for Teacher Education Dental Council of India Pharmacy Council of India Indian Nursing Council Bar Council of India 10. Central Council of Homeopathy 11. Central Council for Indian Medicine 12. Council of Architecture 13. Distance Education Council 14. Rehabilitation Council 15. National Council for Rural Institutions 16. State Council of Higher Education 11/16/2011 9 CII CMB 2011

Indian Higher Education (2004) :

Indian Higher Education (2004) 15,000 Colleges and less than 10 mn students More than two-thirds are ‘Arts, Science….’ Recent growth is much greater in Prof Colleges Also in the private vocational for IT sector 1,253 Medical Colleges and 2 in Public Health More Lawyers produced than Doctors Nearly 0.7 mn students enrolled in Engg/Tech Rapid expansion in Higher Education @ 5% pa 11/16/2011 10 CII CMB 2011

NKC Recommendations / FAQs:

NKC Recommendations / FAQs NKC recommended for 1500 Universities Proposed Central or State Board of Higher Education along with State Boards of Undergraduate Education… Envisaged for autonomous colleges / cluster of colleges Commercial utilisation of land by Universities Encourages setting up for-profit educational institutions by private players 11/16/2011 11 CII CMB 2011

NKC recommendations…:

NKC recommendations… 6. Entry of Foreign Universities in India 7. Creation of a super regulator, IRAHE…. 8. Entry regulatory functions of AICTE, MCI and BCI would be performed by IRAHE…. 9. Independent Regulatory Authority on Higher Education would entail quality of HE… 10. Also proposes gradual rationalisation of fees 11. Believes in partial reservations on caste basis 12. Believes there should be multiple accreditation agencies by public / private, to do the ratings… 11/16/2011 12 CII CMB 2011

Briefly, :

Briefly, India’s demographics, population, GER… Institutional Arrangements 130 Deemed Universities 44 Central Universities 281 State Universities 94 Private Universites and also 66 Academic Staff Colleges 31,324 - No of Colleges 11/16/2011 13 CII CMB 2011

Report to the People on Education:

Report to the People on Education Target to increase GER to 15 % by end of XI FY Plan and 21% by XII Plan by GOI MHRD envisaged a major plan of expansion Establishment of 80 new Central Educational Instititutions alongwith incentivizing State Govts to set up new educational Instts and governance reforms – to give a boost to the expansion with inclusion…. 11/16/2011 14 CII CMB 2011

Report to the People…2:

Report to the People…2 National Commission for Higher Education and Research (NCHER) proposed…. National Accreditation Authority for Higher Educational Institutions is also proposed…. Proposal in the Parliament to regulate entry of Foreign Universities… Restrict entry of fly by night operators… Educational Tribunals Bill provides for three-tier system – district, state and national level 11/16/2011 CII CMB 2011 15

Managing Human Capital Resources for HE in India:

Managing Human Capital Resources for HE in India Manpower Policy – Teaching & Non-Teaching Recruitment – Women, SC/ ST / OBC / Minorities/ Differently challenged Compensation and Incentivisation Induction / Training and Career Plan Retention Policy? Refresher Courses? Research facilities – funding and support? New Academic Administration Cadre ? Grievance Redressal Mechanism 11/16/2011 CII CMB 2011 16

Statistics of Higher & Tech Edn 2009-10 : GOI, MHRD, ND : 2011:

Statistics of Higher & Tech Edn 2009-10 : GOI, MHRD, ND : 2011 Table 1. No of Universities & Uni-level Insttns : HE-1 Table 2. No of Colleges & Polytechnics : HE-2 Table 3. Enrolment (exclg Open Universities) – All Cat’s : HE 3-11 Table 4. –do- SC Students : HE 12-13 Table 5. –do- ST Students : HE 14-15 Table 6. Enrolment in Open Universities : HE 16 Table 7. Total Enrolment in Higher Education : HE 17 Table 8. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in HE : HE-18 Table 9. Gender Parity Index (GPI) – 2008 : HE -19 Table 10. Projected Population (18-23 years) : HE – 20 Table 11. Pupil Teacher Ratio : HE 21 11/16/2011 CII CMB 2011 17

References::

References: Report to the People on Education 2009-10 by MHRD, GOI, New Delhi : July 2010 Higher Education in India by Philip G Altbach in The Hindu dated April 12, 2005 (Internet) Indian Higher Education Reform : From Half-baked Socialism to Half-baked Capitalism by Devesh Kapur and Pratap Bhanu Mehta : Centre for International Development (CID) : Working Paper No. 108, Sept 2004 : Harvard University Working Papers 11/16/2011 18 CII CMB 2011

References - 2:

References - 2 FAQs on National Knowledge Commission Recommendations on Higher Education (Internet) Higher Education : Teacher Education Scheme from India.gov.in (Internet) National Council for Teacher Education : India.gov.in (Internet) All India Survey on Higher Education : Pilot Report – MHRD, Dept of Higher Education, Planning, Monitoring & Statistics Bureau, 2011 11/16/2011 19 CII CMB 2011

References - 3:

References - 3 8. CII – Higher Education Committee : Initiatives, Workshops, Studies, Training…. 9. Wikipedia : Internet 10. India – Demographics 11. 12 th Five Year Plan – Education (Plg Com.) 12. Educational Statistics @ a glance 2005-06 : Govt of India - 2008 11/16/2011 20 CII CMB 2011

References - 4:

References - 4 13. Statistics of Higher & Technical Education 2009-10 : GOI, MHRD, New Delhi, 2011 (Bureau of Plng , Monitoring & Statistics) 14. Business World, November 07, 2011 15. Planning Commission Website : XI Plan Approach Paper: “Towards Faster and more Inclusive Growth” XII Plan Approach Paper: “Faster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth” 11/16/2011 21 CII CMB 2011

References - 5:

References - 5 16. Annual Report 2010-11 of Dept of School Education & Literacy and Department of Higher Education, MHRD, GOI, New Delhi 17. Google.com 18. CII website 11/16/2011 22 CII CMB 2011

Thanks:

Thanks My contacts: Prof Chowdari Prasad Dean (Planning & Development) T A Pai Management Institute Manipal, Udupi Dt., Karnataka – 576104 Email: chowdarip@tapmi.edu.in Tel: 0820-2701045 and Mob: 9482549472 11/16/2011 CII CMB 2011 23

Info on Education in India (Source: Planning Commission - Business World : 7 Nov 2011):

Info on Education in India ( Source: Planning Commission - Business World : 7 Nov 2011 ) Total No. of Universities in India : (603) Central Universities 43 State Universities 289 Deemed Universities 130 Institutes of National Importance 42 State Private Universities 94 Total No. of Colleges: 31,324 Engineering: 3,393 Management: 2,385 11/16/2011 24 CII CMB 2011

Info on Education in India - 2:

Info on Education in India - 2 Students: Engineering : 14,85,894 Management : 16,80,828 Post Graduation : 3,52,571 Ph.D : 1,17,999 Gross Enrolment Ratio : 17.21 11/16/2011 25 CII CMB 2011

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