CAR INDUSTRY

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CAR INDUSTRY :

CAR INDUSTRY

History:

History The history of the automobile begins as early as 1769. With the creation of Steam Engine automobiles capable of human transport.

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CONT… . In 1806, the first cars powered by an internal combustion engine running on fuel gas appeared. It led to the introduction in 1885 of the ubiquitous modern gasoline- or petrol-fueled internal combustion engine.

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CONT…. Later periods were defined by trends in exterior styling, and size and utility preferences.

Eras of invention :

Eras of invention 17th century Ferdinand Verbiest, a member of a Jesuit mission in China, built the first steam-powered vehicle around 1672 It being of small scale and unable to carry a driver or passenger but, quite possibly, the first working steam-powered vehicle ('auto-mobile').

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CONT… . 18th century Steam-powered self-propelled vehicles large enough to transport people and cargo were first devised in the late 18th century. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot experimental steam-driven artillery tractor, in 1770 and 1771.

Cugnot's steam wagon, the second (1771) version:

Cugnot's steam wagon, the second (1771) version

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CONT… .. 19th century in 1815, a professor at Prague Polytechnich, Josef Bozek, built an oil-fired steam car. Walter Hancock, builder and operator of London steam buses, in 1838 built a four-seat steam phaeton.

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CONT…. The first "real" automobile was produced by Amédée Bollée in 1873, who built self-propelled steam road vehicles to transport groups of passengers. Karl Benz, the inventor of numerous car-related technologies, received a German patent in 1886.

Electric automobiles :

Electric automobiles In 1828, Ányos Jedlik, who invented an early type of electric motor, created a tiny model car powered by his new motor. In 1838, Scotsman Robert Davidson built an electric locomotive that attained a speed of 4 miles per hour (6 km/h).

Vintage era :

Vintage era The vintage era lasted from the end of World War I (1919), through the Wall Street Crash at the end of 1929. During this period, the front-engined car came to dominate. In 1919, 90% of cars sold were open; by 1929, 90% were closed.

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CONT… . In 1919, hydraulic brakes were invented by Malcolm Loughead (co-founder of Lockheed) They were adopted by Duesenberg for their 1921 Model A Three years later, Hermann Rieseler of Vulcan Motor invented the first automatic transmission. Which had two-speed planetary gearbox, torque converter, and lockup clutch; it never entered production.

Example of vintage vehicles::

Example of vintage vehicles: 1922–1939 Austin 7 : The Austin Seven was one of the most widely copied vehicles ever, serving as a template for cars around the world, from BMW to Nissan.

1926 Austin 7 Box saloon:

1926 Austin 7 Box saloon

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CONT…. 1922–1931 Lancia Lambda — Very advanced car for the time, first car to feature a load-bearing monologue-type body and independent front suspension.

1923 Lancia Lambda:

1923 Lancia Lambda

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CONT…. 1924–1929 Bugatti Type 35 — the Type 35 was one of the most successful racing cars of all time, with over 1,000 victories in five years.

1926 Bugatti Type 35:

1926 Bugatti Type 35

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CONT…. 1925–1928 Hanomag 2 / 10 PS — early example of ponton styling .

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CONT…. 1927–1931 Ford Model A (1927-1931) — after keeping the brass era Model T in production for too long, Ford broke from the past by restarting its model series with the 1927 Model A. More than 4 million were produced, making it the best-selling model of the era. Ford A was a prototype for the beginning of Soviet mass car production (GAZ A).

FORD MODEL A:

FORD MODEL A

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CONT…. 1930 Cadillac V-16 — Developed at the height of the vintage era, the V16-powered Cadillac would join Bugatti's Royale as the most legendary ultra-luxury cars of the era.

Cadillac V-16:

Cadillac V-16

Pre-WWII era :

Pre-WWII era The pre-war part of the classic era began with the Great Depression in 1930, and ended with the recovery after World War II. It was in this period that integrated fenders and fully closed bodies began to dominate sales.

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CONT…. The old open-top runabouts, phaetons, and touring cars were phased out by the end of the classic era as wings. Running boards, and headlights were gradually integrated with the body of the car.

Example pre-war automobiles::

Example pre-war automobiles : 1932–1939 Alvis Speed 20 and Speed 25 — the first cars with all-synchromesh gearbox.

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CONT…. 1932–1948 Ford V-8 (Model B) — introduction of the powerful flathead V8 in mainstream vehicles, setting new performance and efficiency standards .

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CONT… 1934–1940 Bugatti Type 57 — a singular refined automobile for the wealthy.

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CONT…. 1934–1956 Citroën Traction Avant — the first mass-produced front-wheel drive car, built with monocoque chassis.

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CONT… 1936–1955 MG T series — sports cars with youth appeal at an affordable price.

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CONT…. 1938–2003 Volkswagen Beetle — a design for efficiency and low price, which was produced for over 60 years with minimal basic c h ange. it has the largest production in history with over 20 million units produced in several counties. The car was awarded the fourth place in the international Car of the XX Century competition. A new car echoing the styling of the original has been produced in the 21st century.

VOLKSWAGEN BETTLE:

VOLKSWAGEN BETTLE

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CONT 1936–1939 Rolls-Royce Phantom III — V12 engined pinnacle of pre-war engineering, with technological advances not seen in most other manufacturers until the 1960s. Superior performance and quality.

Rolls-Royce Phantom:

Rolls-Royce Phantom

Modern era :

Modern era The modern era is normally defined as the 25 years preceding the current year. However, there are some technical and design aspects that differentiate modern cars from antiques. Without considering the future of the car, the modern era has been one of increasing standardization, platform sharing, and computer-aided design.

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CONT….. Some particularly notable advances in modern times are the widespread of front-wheel drive and all-wheel drive The adoption of the diesel engine, and the ubiquity of fuel injection.

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CONT… Body styles have changed as well in the modern era. Three types, the hatchback, sedan, and sport utility vehicle, dominate today's market

Examples of Hatchback cars:

Examples of Hatchback cars VOLKSWAGEN POLO CHEVROLET BEAT MARUTI SUZUKI ALTO MARUTI SUZUKI SWIFT FORD FIGO HUNDAI EON HUNDAI i20 HUNDAI i10

Examples of sedan cars:

Examples of sedan cars TATA MANZA HUNDAI CITY SKODA FABIA HUNDAI VERNA CHEVROLET CRUZE TOYOTA ETIOS MARUTI SUZUKI KIZAKSI MAHINDRA VERITO

Examples of sports utility cars:

Examples of sports utility cars MAHINDRA SCROPIO TATA SAFARI CHEVROLET CAMARO HUNDAI CRV TATA RANGEROVER TOYOTA FORTUNER SKODA YETI TATA ARIA

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CONT…. The modern era has also seen rapidly rising fuel efficiency and engine output. Once the automobile emissions concerns of the 1970s were conquered with computerized engine management systems, power began to rise rapidly.

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CONT…. In the 1980s, a powerful sports car might have produced 200 horsepower (150 kW) – just 20 years later, Average passenger cars have engines that powerful, and some performance models offer three times as much power.

CONT:

CONT Since the end of the 20th century, several award competitions of cars and trucks have become widely known, such as: European Car of the Year Car of the Year Japan, North American Car of the Year, World Car of the Year, Truck of the Year, and International Car of the Year, so that vehicles of different classes, producers, and countries win alternately.

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CONT…. Also, Car of the Century awards were held, in which in the US the Ford Model T was named as most influential car of the 20th century.

Example modern cars: :

Example modern cars: 1966–present Toyota Corolla — a simple small Japanese saloon/sedan that has come to be the best-selling car of all time.

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CONT…. 1970–present Range Rover — the first take on the combination of luxury and four-wheel drive utility, the original 'SUV'. Such was the popularity of the original Range Rover Classic that a new model was not brought out until 1994.

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CONT…. 1973–present Mercedes-Benz S-Class — electronic Anti-lock Braking System, supplemental restraint airbags, seat belt pretensioners, and electronic traction control systems all made their debut on the S-Class. These features would later become standard throughout the car industry.

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CONT… 1975–present BMW 3 Series — the 3 Series has been on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list 17 times, making it the longest running entry in the list.

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CONT…. 1977–present Honda Accord saloon/sedan — this Japanese sedan became the most popular car in the United States in the 1990s, pushing the Ford Taurus aside, and setting the stage for today's upscale Asian sedans.

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CONT 1981–1989 Dodge Aries and Plymouth Reliant — the "K-cars" that saved Chrysler as a major manufacturer. These models were some of the first successful American front-wheel drive, fuel-efficient compact cars.

PowerPoint Presentation:

1983–present Chrysler minivans — the two-box minivan design nearly pushed the station wagon out of the market, and presaged today's crossover SUVs.

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CONT…. 1984–present Renault Espace — first mass one-volume car of non-commercial MPV class.

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CONT…. 1986–present Ford Taurus — this mid-sized front-wheel drive sedan with modern computer-assisted design dominated the American market in the late 1980s, and created a design revolution in North America.

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CONT…. 1989–1999 Pontiac Trans Sport — was one the first of the one box cars.

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CONT… 1997–present Toyota Prius — launched in the Japanese market, in September 2010 reached worldwide cumulative sales of 2.0 million units, becoming the most iconic hybrid electric vehicle in the world .

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CONT… 1998–present Ford Focus — one of the most popular hatchbacks across the globe, that is also one of Ford's best selling world cars.

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CONT… 2008–present Tata Nano — The Tata Nano is an inexpensive(100,000 ~ $2200), rear-engined, four-passenger city car built by the Indian company Tata Motors and is aimed primarily at the Indian domestic market.

CONT:

CONT 2010–present, Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt — an all-electric car and a plug-in hybrid correspondingly, were launched in the U.S. and Japanese markets in December 2010, becoming the first mass production vehicles of their kind.

MARKET SHARE:

MARKET SHARE

REVENUE:

REVENUE

NET INCOME:

NET INCOME

TOP 10 CAR MANUFACTURIN COMPANY:

TOP 10 CAR MANUFACTURIN COMPANY Ferrari B.M.W. Ford Mercedes Chevrolet Rolls-Royce Volkswagen Porsche Audi Toyota

TOP 10 INDIAN CARS :

TOP 10 INDIAN CARS 1. HYUNDAI SANTRO 2. MARUTI SUZUKI SWIFT 3. TATA INDIGO 4. HONDA CITY 5. SKODA OCTAVIA RS 6. MAHINDRA SCORPIO CRDe 7. HONDA ACCORD 9. TOYOTA INNOVA 10. MERCEDES-BENZ S-CLASS

India Passenger Vehicle Trends :

India Passenger Vehicle Trends 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Total Passenger Vehicle Production 669,719 723,330 989,560 1,209,876 1,309,300 1,545,223 1,762,131 Total Passenger Vehicle Sales 675,116 707,198 902,096 1,061,572 1,143,076 1,379,979 1,547,985 Total Passenger Vehicle Exports 53,165 72,005 129,291 166,402 175,572 198,452 218,418

RECENT TRENDS:

RECENT TRENDS Automobiles today resemble “computers on wheels” because of the increasing number of digital systems. The costs associated with these sophisticated systems are also rising. Automotive electronics now account for 22 % of a vehicle's cost and are projected to increase to up to 40% by 2010.

Automotive Electronic Segments:

Automotive Electronic Segments Powertrain & Safety Engine Management Electronic Suspension Drive by Wire Braking Systems Power Steering Airbags Gearbox

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CONT….. Comfort/Convenience & Vehicle Controls Dashboard/Instrument Cluster Lights/Seats Climate Control Voice Recognition Remote Keyless Entry Security Alarm Systems Wiper/Window Control

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CONT….. Driver Assistance Night Vision Lane Departure Warning Adaptive Cruise Control Collision Warning Park/Reverse Assist Tire Pressure Monitoring Heads Up Display

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CONT…. Infotainment & Communications Telematics Navigation/GPS Multimedia Systems Audio Systems Rear Seat Entertainment Games Consoles Tuners (SDR)

Increasing Digital Content :

Increasing Digital Content Digital content such as: navigation systems, rear seat entertainment systems, and driver assistance applications have increased and are now considered mainstream products.

Automotive Quality :

Automotive Quality As automotive digital content and control systems move to high definition, wireless communication, and multi-gigabit bandwidths, automakers and system OEMs will continue to demand top-notch quality semiconductor devices.

THANK YOU:

THANK YOU MALTESH.K VENKATESH.B YURAJ.H CRIZI.M SHRAVAN.H

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