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All about Olympic from Athens to London 2012

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Olympics???:

Olympics ??? Olympic Games: the modern revival of the ancient games held once every 4 years in a selected country. Olympia, the site of the ancient Olympic Games, is in the western part of the Peloponnese which, according to Greek mythology, is the island of “Pelops”.

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OLYMPIC FLAG The five interlocking rings of the Olympic flag symbolize The five continents of the world “LINKED TOGETHER IN FRIENDSHIP”.

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The Olympic Games began over 2,700 years ago in Olympia, in southwest Greece. The Games were part of a religious festival. The Greek Olympics, thought to have begun in 776 BC, The games were part of a religious festival.

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The Games were held in honor of Zeus, king of the gods, and were staged every four years at Olympia, a valley near a city called Elis. People from all over the Greek world came to watch and take part.

Why was Olympics started?:

Why was Olympics started ?

Types of Olympics:

Types of Olympics

Events of Ancient Olympics:

Events of Ancient Olympics Pentathlon Running Jumping Discus throw Wrestling Boxing Pankration Equestrian events

Modern Olympics…..:

Modern Olympics….. 1500 years after last ancient Olympics held Frenchman, Pierre de Coubertin – wanted a way to promote peace and friendship and to promote a healthy sporting competition 1900 at the second modern Olympics Games women were allowed to participate but…. in only 4 events: croquet, golf sailing and tennis. Of 1225 athletes only19 were women

IOC:

IOC The I.O.C. headquarters at Lausanne.

International Olympic Committee:

International Olympic Committee The IOC organizes the modern Olympic Games The first Summer Olympics organized by the International Olympic Committee were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896, in Lausanne, Switzerland. Pierre de Coubertin Founded IOC It Deals with selection of host nation

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Mission and role IOC members Olympic marketing Bidding to host the games

Role Of IOC:

Role Of IOC Encourage and support the organization, development and coordination of sport and sports competitions Ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games Lead the fight against doping in sporting Encourage and support measures protecting the health of athletes Encourage and support the development of sport for all

Bidding Of Host Nation :

Bidding Of Host Nation The IOC members, representing most of the member countries, vote to decide where the Games will take place. Members from countries which have cities bidding to host the games are excluded from the voting process All interested national Olympic committees (NOCs) will first submit their application of bid to host the Olympics to the IOC. IOC executive board will trim down to 5 candidate cities

CONTD..:

CONTD.. The lengthy process begins : The members from IOC visit the candidate cities to Check their facilities and plans The IOC will then call a session to begin the voting procedure among the IOC member nations. 4 rounds of voting is done . The cities with highest number of votes is chosen as the host nation

Summer Olympics:

Summer Olympics The first edition of de Coubertin's games, held in Athens in 1896, attracted just 245 competitors, of whom more than 200 were Greek, and only 14 countries were represented. Zappas sponsored the first Olympic Games in 1859, which was held in an Athens city square. In 1890, after attending the Olympian Games of the Wenlock Olympian Society, Baron Pierre de Coubertin was inspired to found the International Olympic Committee

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The first Games held under the IOC was hosted in the Panathenaic stadium in Athens in 1896. These Games brought together 14 nations and 241 athletes who competed in 43 events. The olympics have increased from a 42-event competition 300-event sporting celebration with over 10,000 competitors from 205 nations.

Winter Olympic Games:

Winter Olympic Games At the 1921 Olympic Congress, in Lausanne, it was decided to hold a winter version of the Olympic Games.

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A winter sports week (it was actually 11 days) was held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. This tradition was upheld until the 1992 Games in Albertville, France….

Games played in winter Olympics:

Games played in winter Olympics Alpine skiing Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross-country skiing Curling Figure skating Freestyle skiing Ice hockey Luge Skeleton Ski jumping Snowboarding Speed skating Nordic combined Short track speed skating

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Sir Ludwig Guttmann

Paralympics Games:

Paralympics Games In 1948, Sir Ludwig Guttmann, determined to promote the rehabilitation of soldiers after World War II Guttmann's event, known then as the Stoke Mandeville Games For the 1960 Olympic Games, in Rome, Guttmann brought 400 athletes to compete in the "Parallel Olympics“ which became known as the first Paralympics.

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In 2001 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympics Committee (IPC) signed an agreement guaranteeing that host cities would be contracted to manage both the Olympic and Paralympics Games.

YouthOlympicGames :

Youth Olympic Games The Youth Olympic Games were conceived by IOC president Jacques Rogge in 2001 and approved during the 119th Congress of the IOC. The first Summer Youth Games were held in Singapore from 14–26 August 2010 These Games will be shorter than the senior Games the summer version will last twelve days, while the winter version will last nine days.

OlympicFlame:

OlympicFlame The Olympic Flame is a symbol of the Olympic Games The fire was reintroduced at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, and it has been part of the modern Olympic Games ever since. The Olympic Torch today is ignited several months before the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games at the site of the ancient Olympics in Olympia, Greece.

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Overall Medal‘s Tally

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Medal presentation A medal ceremony is held after each Olympic event is concluded. The winner, second and third-place competitors or teams stand on the Podium The national flags of the three medalists are raised while the national anthem of the gold medalist's country plays

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Broadcasting 1936 Munich Olympics where the first to be Broad casted on Television Until 1960 Moscow Olympics they where not Broad casted world wide

DARK SIDE OF THE OLYMPICS:

DARK SIDE OF THE OLYMPICS

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Olympic Motto

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Five sports that have been part of every summer Olympic Games Track and Field Cycling Gymnastic Fencing Swimming

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Cycling

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Fencing

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Swimming

Ceremonies :

Ceremonies

Opening Ceremony:

Opening Ceremony The ceremony typically starts with the hoisting of the host country's flag and a performance of its national anthem The host nation then presents artistic displays of music, singing, dance, and theater representative of its culture.

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The athletes parade into the stadium grouped by nation. Greece is traditionally the first nation to enter in order to honor the origins of the Olympics. The host country's athletes are the last to enter. The Olympic torch is brought into the stadium and passed on until it reaches the final torch carrier Contd….

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Closing Ceremony The closing ceremony of the Olympic Games takes place after all Sporting events have concluded. Flag-bearers from each participating country enter the stadium 3 flags are hosted : The flag of Greece, to honor the birthplace of the Olympic Games ; the flag of the current host country, and the flag of the country hosting the next Olympic games

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1960 Rome Olympics First Olympics that took place in Italy Nations Participated : 93 Athletes :5,338 Events 150 in 17 sports

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Tokyo Olympics The 1964 Summer Games were the first Olympics held in Asia Nations : 93 Athletes : 5,151 Events : 163 in 19 Sports

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These were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Latin America It was the first games where the closing ceremony was transmitted in color to all the World Nations : 112 Athletes : 5,530 Events : 172 in 20 sports

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1972 – Munich Olympics The 1972 Summer Olympics were the second Summer Olympics to be held in Germany The Games were largely overshadowed by what has come to be known as the Munich massacre. A group of eight Palestinian terrorists belonging to the Black September organization broke into the Olympic Village and took nine Israeli athletes, coaches and officials hostage in their apartments. The Games were delayed by 18 hours

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The Show Must Go on ….

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Nations : 121 Athletes : 7,170 Events : 195 in 23 games Motto : The happy Games

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1976 – Montreal Olympics These were the first Olympic Games held in Canada. The Olympics were a financial disaster for Montreal, as the city faced debts for 30 years after the Games had finished. Nations : 92 Athletes : 6,028 Events : 198 in 21 sports

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1980 – Moscow Olympics The 1980 Games were the first to be staged in Eastern Europe. 80 Nations took part in these event 24 nations boycotted Athletes : 5,179 Events : 203 in 21 Sports

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Los–Angeles Olympics The 1984 Summer Olympics , officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad This was the second occasion Los Angeles hosted the games; it previously hosted in 1932. 140 nations Took part in these games Athletes : 6,829 Events : 221 in 23 sports

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Seoul Olympics The 1988 Summer Olympics , officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad They were the second summer Olympic Games to be held in Asia 160 Nations participated in these games Athletes : 8,391 Events : 263 in 27 sports Motto : Harmony and Progress

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Barcelona Olympics The 1992 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad The cost of the Barcelona Summer Olympics was USD11.4 billion Nations participating : 170 Events : 286 in 32 sports Olympic Motto : Friends Forever

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Atlanta Olympics The 1996 Summer Olympics, known officially as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad A record 197 nations participated in these Games Athletes : 10,345 Events : 271 in 26 sports Cost : US$1.8 billion

Sydney Olympics :

Sydney Olympics The Sydney 2000 Summer Olympic Games or the Millennium Games/ Games of the New Millennium Nation Participated : 199 Athletes : 10,651 Events : 300 in 28 sports Cost : $6.6 billion Olympic Motto : Thousands of hearts with one goal .Share the Spirit .Dare to Dream

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Athens Olympics The 2004 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of The XXVIII Olympiad Cost : $11.2 billion Athletes : 10,625 Events : 301 in 28 sports Motto : welcome Home

Beijing Olympics :

Beijing Olympics The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad The Total estimated costs was $40 billion This made the Games "far and away the most expensive ever"

Contd…:

Contd… Nations : 204 Athletes : 11,028 Events : 302 in 28 sports Olympic Motto : One World, One Dream

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LONDON

London Olympicsin 2012 :

London Olympics in 2012

Summer Olympic Games of London 2012:

Summer Olympic Games of London 2012 The 2012 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXX Olympiad London will become the first city to host the modern Olympic Games three times; London also hosted the 1908 Summer Olympics and the 1948 Summer Olympics.

Bidding process:

Bidding process On 18 May 2004, the International Committee (IOC) reduced the number of cities to five: London, Madrid, Moscow, New York and Paris. At the end of the fourth round of voting, London won the right to host the 2012 Games with 54 votes, defeating Paris's 50. The successful bid was headed by former Olympic champion Sebastian Coe.

Representatives of these Olympic games:

Representatives of these Olympic games David Beckham & Sebastian Coe

Where take place the Olympics games?:

Where take place the Olympics games? The 2012 Summer Olympics venues are mostly located in the host city of London The Olympic Village will be based in Stratford, including the newly built Olympic Stadium, Aquatics Centre, Hockey Centre .

The Olympic Torch :

The Olympic Torch The three Olympic values (respect, excellence and friendship) The Olympic Motto (faster, higher, stronger) Olympic Games hosted by United Kingdom (1908, 1948 and 2012) The vision of 2012 Summer Olympics (sport, education and culture)

Wenlock and Mandeville:

Wenlock and Mandeville

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Nation Taking Part : 204 Athletes : More than 10,500 Events : 302 1n 206 sporting events Motto : Inspire a Generation

Cost Of London 2012:

The original budget for the Games is almost about $14.46 billion Financing Building the venues and infrastructure — £5.3 billion Elite sport and Paralympics funding — £400 million. Security and policing — £600 million Regeneration of the Lower Lea Valley — £1.7 billion Contingency fund — £2.7 billion Cost Of London 2012

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Cost Of Olympic Games In study it was found that over the past 50 years the most costly Games have been London 2012 (USD14.46billion), Barcelona 1992 (USD11.4 billion), and Montreal 1976 (USD6 billion). It is said that Beijing Olympics where more costly

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APPEARANCE India (British India) Participated in !900 Paris Olympic Games India Won 2 Silver Medals in Athletics and Ranked 17th

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First president–sir Dorabji Tata, later replaced by maharaja Bhupindra Singh, ruler of patiala , a sports fan. The present president is Vijay kumar malhothra . I NDIANOLYMPICASSOCIATION ( 1927–PRESENT)

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MEDALS

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Hockey is the national game of India. Most successful team in the history of Olympics with 8 gold 1silver and 2bronze. Only team to win 6 consecutive Olympic gold from 1928–1956. INDIAN HOCKEY

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“Indian Hockey Legend” Dyan Chand

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Started his career as a soldier in Indian army. He played for the army hockey team . He qualified for the Olympic team as center forward. “Indian Hockey Legend” Dyan Chand

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Bronze in wrestling,1952 Olympics Helsinki Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav

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Bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics at Sydney for weight lifting She is the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal Karnam Malleswari

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Indian Olympic Association

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Indian Olympic Associations is the national Olympic committee President Of IOA is Vijay Kumar Malhotra

Industries Linked with Olympics:

Industries Linked with Olympics

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Hospitality Industry

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Aviation Industry

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Media and Entertainment Industry

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Thank you Presented by:- Sanket Bharat Rajeshwary Sarika Prasanna