INTRODUCTION TO INTERNET

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COMPUTER PROJECT Based on INTRODUCTION TO INTERNET

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World Wide Web or commonly known as “www” or” triple w” also called as “web” is a global information space which people can read and write via computers connected to the Internet Web is actually a service that operates over the Internet

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The World Wide Web is the combination of four basic ideas 1. Hypertext, that is the ability, in a computer environment, to move from one part of a document to another or from one document to another through internal connections among these documents are called hyperlink hyperlink, or simply a link, is a reference in a hypertext document to another document or other resource 2. Resource Identifiers, that is the ability, on a computer network, to locate a particular resource (computer, document or other resource) on the network through a unique identifier;

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3. The Client-server model of computing, in which client software or a client computer makes requests of server software or a server computer that provides the client with resources or services, such as data or files 4. Markup language, in which characters or codes embedded in text indicate to a computer how to print or display the text

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Web standards This are technical specifications that define and describe aspects of the World Wide Web the Uniform Resource locator (URL), which is a universal system for referencing resources on the Web, such as Web pages the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which specifies how the browser and server communicate with each other the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), used to define the structure and content of hypertext documents.

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is a collection of Web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or sub-domain on the World Wide Web on the Internet website is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, and other information typically located on a web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network web browser Popular browsers available for personal computers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Netscape, and Apple Safari

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web page is a resource on the World Wide Web, usually in HTML/XHTML format (the file extensions are typically htm or html) and with hypertext links to enable navigation from one page or section to another. often use associated graphic files to provide illustration, and these too can be clickable links. is displayed using a web browser A web page may contain the following: Text graphics (gif, jpeg or png) Audio (.mid or .wav) Interactive multimedia content that requires a plug-in such as Flash, Shockwave or VML applets (subprograms that run inside the page) which often provide motion graphics, interaction, and sound

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Tim Berners-Lee The man behind the world wide web the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium, Senior Researcher at MIT's CSAIL, and Professor of Computer Science at Southampton ECS.

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A graduate of Oxford University, England, Tim now holds the 3Com Founders chair at the Laboratory for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL)at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He directs the World Wide Web Consortium, an open forum of companies and organizations with the mission to lead the Web to its full potential. short biography With a background of system design in real-time communications and text processing software development, in 1989 he invented the World Wide Web, an internet-based hypermedia initiative for global information sharing. while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory. He wrote the first web client (browser-editor) and server in 1990. Before coming to CERN, Tim worked with Image Computer Systems, of Ferndown, Dorset, England and before that as a principal engineer with Plessey Telecommunications, in Poole, England.

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is an international consortium where member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public, work together to develop standards for the World Wide Web World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) W3C's mission is: "To lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing protocols and guidelines that ensure long-term growth for the Web". W3C also engages in education and outreach, develops software, and serves as an open forum for discussion about the Web.

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Did you know that… The phrase "surfing the Internet" was first popularized in print by Jean Armour Polly, a librarian, in an article called Surfing the INTERNET, published in the Wilson Library Bulletin in June, 1992. Although Polly may have developed the phrase independently, slightly earlier uses of similar terms have been found on the Usenet from 1991 and 1992, and some recollections claim it was also used verbally in the hacker community for a couple years before that. Polly is famous as "NetMom" in the history of the Internet.

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THANK YOU SUBMITTED TO :- Ms. BHAWNA MAM SUBMITTED BY :- CHIRANJEEV AGGARWAL CLASS :- X - A