Management of data inEthnobotany

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Ethnobotanical studies yields a large amount of data in all over the world including India. The management of the data has been described in the presentation.

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Management of Data In Ethnobotany Dr Satish Chile Govt. P.G. College Seoni 2/23/2016 1 Satish Chile

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Ours is the Ethnostory . It covers under IPR acts

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Ethnobotany is considered as a branch of ethnobiology , the study of past and present interrelationships between human cultures and the plants , animals , and other organisms in their environment. Ethnobotany makes apparent the connection between human cultural practices and the sub-disciplines of biology. 2/23/2016 5 Satish Chile

Changing dimensions of ethnobotany:

Changing dimensions of ethnobotany Dimensions of ethnobotanical studies change across space and time From archaeological investigations of the role of plants in ancient civilizations to the biotechnology and bioengineering of new crops. Nonindustrialized or nonurbanized societies to urbanization and globalization in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. However, indigenous, non-Westernized cultures play a crucial role in ethnobotany, as they possess a previously undervalued knowledge of local ecology gained through centuries or even millennia of interaction with their biotic (living) environment 2/23/2016 6 Satish Chile

Areas of Ethnobotanical studies :

Areas of Ethnobotanical studies Archaeoethnobotany Ethnoecology Ethnomedicine Ethnogynaecology Ethnomusicology Ethnomycology Ethnonarcotics Ethnopharmacology Ethnotaxonomy Ethnotoxicology Paleoethnobotany Ethnocosmetics Ethnolinguistics Ethnoorthopaedics Ethnoophthalmology Ethnopediatrics 2/23/2016 7 Satish Chile

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Discipline Relevance to Ethnobotany Botany Study of Plants Anthropology The study of how different cultures use plants Ecology How human interactions with plants and ecosystems affect ecology Medicine Study of medicinal uses of plants Chemistry Study of composition of plants, especially medicinal plants 2/23/2016 8 Satish Chile

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Discipline Relevance to Ethnobotany Agriculture Study of human domestication and management of plants, especially traditional agriculture system Horticulture Study of management of useful plants (fruits, vegetables, ornamentals) in home garden or orchard Forestry Study of human management of forest and forest trees Agroforestry Study of land management for the simultaneous production of food, crops and trees 2/23/2016 9 Satish Chile

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Discipline Relevance to Ethnobotany Archaeology How ancient cultures used plants Economics Study of economic uses of plants Religious studies Ritual uses of plants by different cultures and religions Linguistics Study of linguistic terminonology for plants and plant parts by people of different language groups Systematics Study of folk taxonomy, how different people classify plants 2/23/2016 10 Satish Chile

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Thus, ethnobotany is a multidisciplinary science and its scope is not confined to one area but it covers a broad range of study areas, which are Interconnected, interrelated and inerdependent to each other in one sense or the other. So, there is a great opportunity to explore the ethnobotanical approach towards the modern civilization and giving them a firm task. 2/23/2016 11 Satish Chile

What tasks ?:

What tasks ? Conservation of plant species- including varieties of crops and other forms of biological diversity. Botanical inventories and assessment of the conservation status of the species. Sustainability in supplies of wild plant resources. Enhanced food security, nutrition and healthcare. Preservation, recovery and diffusion of local botanical knowledge and wisdom. Reinforcement of ethnic and national identity. Identification and development of new economic products from plants, for instance food, crafts, herbal formulations, horticultural plants, etc. 2/23/2016 12 Satish Chile

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Proper management of the ethnobotanical data is crucial. Interdisciplinary nature of the field leads to difficulty in standardizing the data. Data management is rapidly changing as a result of revolutions in information technology and Bioinformatics. 2/23/2016 13 Satish Chile

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India has about 563 tribal communities having age-old traditional knowledge through their long association with the forests. They have accumulated valuable knowledge on the use of wild plants in their daily life for food, fuel, fodder, clothing, health-care and other purposes. Recording, documenting and managing these ethnobotanical data of all tribes belonging to all the states of India is a big and challenging task. 2/23/2016 15 Satish Chile

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Tribes of Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, Orissa Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Chattisgarh , Uttaranchal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal for critical studies leading to sustainable utilisation of bioresources , documentations of traditional knowledge system. 2/23/2016 16 Satish Chile

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Survey and documentation of traditional knowledge associated with plants.. Exploration, inventorying and documentation of phytodiversity (including non-flowering plants) in general and protected areas, hotspots, fragile ecosystems and sacred groves in particular; publication of National, State and District Floras. Identification of Red list species and species rich areas needing conservation; ex situ conservation of critically threatened taxa in botanical gardens. Develop a National database of Indian plants, including herbarium specimens, live specimens, botanical paintings illustrations etc 2/23/2016 17 Satish Chile

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Revisionary/Monographic studies on selected plant groups. Qualitative analysis of nutritive value of ethno-food plants and other economically useful species. Capacity building in plant taxonomy through refresher courses and certificate course. Environment Impact Assessment of areas Develop and maintain Botanical Gardens, Museum and Herbaria. Preparation of Seed, Pollen and Spore Atlas of Indian Plants. 2/23/2016 18 Satish Chile

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Authors/ Reviewers Commentators/ Users Text, image, video, spatial, etc., access services Repository services Collaboration “services” Dissemination services New services $? Scholarly Publications in Electronic Environment in a Fully Distributed Model 2/23/2016 19 Satish Chile

Challenges & Opportunities :

Challenges & Opportunities Building digital collections of national importance from existing texts, documents, images . . . Creating new digital documents & linking them Subject portals: Selecting and maintaining open source digital resources Developing / adapting management tools for digital collections Providing access to digital collections 2/23/2016 20 Satish Chile

Challenges & Opportunities … :

Challenges & Opportunities … Integrating digital & other collections incl. integration of OPACs( Online Public Access Catalog ) , subscribed e-resources and subject portals Establishing services for digital collections online access & offline support education & training of users and librarians Addressing social, legal, policy issues Outsourcing digitization and services 2/23/2016 21 Satish Chile

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Thank You I hope u r benefitted. 2/23/2016 22 Satish Chile

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