: Examples from:
Fire in Their Eyes: Wildfires and the People Who Fight Them
By: Karen Magnuson Bell
Scholastic Publishing Context Clues Ignite : Ignite Fire needs three things: a spark to ignite it, oxygen to keep it going, and fuel for it to burn.
Ignite: set on fire Clamped, Gaffs : Clamped, Gaffs With harnesses and ropes and climbing spurs clamped on their boots, the rookies “walk” up the trees as though stepping up a ladder, sinking three-inch metal spikes called gaffs into the bark.
Gaffs: metal spur Peals : Peals At 3:20 P.M. Maggie calls in smokejumpers. At the jump base, operations foreman Jim “Dirty” Linville flips a switch, and a siren blast peals out across the grounds.
Peals: to sound loudly Slurry : Slurry But they wait while an air tanker finishes a series of runs dropping “mud,” a day-glow fire retardant mixed into a thick, gloppy slurry.
Slurry: a thin mixture of an insoluble substance, as cement, clay, or coal, with a liquid, as water or oil. Duff : Duff Even the upper layer of the forest floor, the duff – grass, needles, and twigs that haven’t decomposed yet – is smoldering. They dig up cool dirt, then stir it into the duff.
Duff: organic matter in various stages of decomposition on the floor of the forest. Arsonists : Arsonists And sadly, some are started deliberately by arsonists, criminals who kill and destroy with the flick of a match.
Arsonists: a person who starts fires Conflagrations : Conflagrations The hotshots are third kind of crew. The country’s 1,360 hotshots take on the big fires, the conflagrations.
Conflagrations: an intense fire Hoisting : Hoisting When she’s finished, she pulls a cord, hoisting the chute all the way to the ceiling.
Hoisting: to raise or lift