Health Information

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Presentation Transcript

Health Problems:

Health Problems

Heart Attack:

Heart Attack A heart attack occurs when the supply of blood and oxygen to an area of heart muscle is blocked, usually by a clot in a coronary artery. Sudden death from heart attack is most often due to an arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat or rhythm) called ventricular fibrillation. If a person survives a heart attack, the injured area of the heart muscle is replaced by scar tissue. This weakens the pumping action of the heart and can lead to heart failure and other complications.

Symptoms of heart attack:

Symptoms of heart attack Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain. Heart attack pain can sometimes feel like indigestion or heartburn. Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Pain, discomfort, or numbness can occur in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach. Shortness of breath. Difficulty in breathing often comes along with chest discomfort, but it may occur before chest discomfort. Other symptoms. Examples include breaking out in a cold sweat, having nausea and vomiting, or feeling light-headed or dizzy. The warning signs and symptoms of a heart attack can include:

Stroke:

Stroke A stroke is the rapidly developing loss of brain function(s) due to a disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood supply) caused by thrombosis or embolism or due to a hemorrhage. As a result, the affected area of the brain is unable to function, leading to inability to move one or more limbs on one side of the body, inability to understand or formulate speech or inability to see one side of the visual field.

Symptoms of Stroke:

Symptoms of Stroke Stroke symptoms typically start suddenly, over seconds to minutes, and in most cases do not progress further. The symptoms depend on the area of the brain affected. The more extensive the area of brain affected, the more functions that are likely to be lost. Some forms of stroke can cause additional symptoms: in intracranial hemorrhage, the affected area may compress other structures. Most forms of stroke are not associated with headache, apart from subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral venous thrombosis and occasionally intracerebral hemorrhage.

Kidney Failure:

Kidney Failure The main function of the kidneys is to get rid of waste products from our body that are created by the body's constant metabolism. They filter all the natural toxins as impure blood passes through them, sending these toxins combined with excess water to the bladder for storage until urinated. Kidney failure occurs when both the kidneys fail to function as desired and are not able to rid the body of these harmful toxins and excess fluid. The toxic blood and excess water in turn will cause many other complications, leading to severe ailments, at times fatal.

Symptoms of Kidney FAILURE:

Symptoms of Kidney FAILURE Loss of appetite Abnormal swelling of the legs and feet Feeling restless and confused Passing a lot of urine especially at night (called nocturia),  Vomiting almost anything you eat or drink accompanied by diarrhea, leading to dehydration Pain on one side of the back, above the waist and just below the rib-cage

Cancer:

Cancer Cancer is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth (division beyond the normal limits), invasion (intrusion on and destruction of adjacent tissues), and sometimes metastasis (spread to other locations in the body via lymph or blood). These three malignant properties of cancers differentiate them from benign tumors, which are self-limited, and do not invade or metastasize. Most cancers form a tumor but some, like leukemia, do not. The branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer is oncology.

Signs and symptoms of cancer :

Signs and symptoms of cancer Roughly, cancer symptoms can be divided into three groups: Local symptoms : unusual lumps or swelling ( tumor ), hemorrhage (bleeding), pain and/or ulceration. Compression of surrounding tissues may cause symptoms such as jaundice (yellowing the eyes and skin). Symptoms of metastasis (spreading) : enlarged lymph nodes, cough and hemoptysis, hepatomegaly (enlarged liver), bone pain, fracture of affected bones and neurological symptoms. Although advanced cancer may cause pain, it is often not the first symptom. Systemic symptoms : weight loss, poor appetite, fatigue and cachexia (wasting), excessive sweating (night sweats), anemia and specific paraneoplastic phenomena, i.e. specific conditions that are due to an active cancer, such as thrombosis or hormonal changes. Every symptom in the above list can be caused by a variety of conditions. Cancer may be a common or uncommon cause of each item.

Credit ::

Credit : http://www.web-books.com/eLibrary/Medicine/Cardiovascular/HeartAttack.htm http://medicineworld.org/news/kidney-watch-news.html http://www.buzzle.com/articles/renal-failure-kidney-symptoms.html http://www.nlm.nih.gov/MEDLINEPLUS/ency/imagepages/17133.htm http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/health/2000/heart_disease/stroke.stm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancer Music: Genso Suikoden 2 Original Game Soundtrack - Opening

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