Academic Dishonesty : Academic Dishonesty What it is and how to avoid it.
Brought to you by the New England College Library. What is academic dishonesty? : The definition is murky. Traditionally, academic dishonesty meant that you cheated on a test or copied a paper.
But… in this digital and commercial age the possibilities for academic misconduct have grown exponentially.
This tutorial will go through some of the things that are considered academically dishonest and how you can avoid them. What is academic dishonesty? Academic Dishonesty : The two major categories of academic dishonesty are cheating and plagiarism. But there is another category which defies definition. We will call it “general dishonesty.” Academic Dishonesty Cheating: What it covers : Copying from other students during an exam
Using “aids” like crib sheets or keys without the consent of professor.
Taking a test for another student or having them take it for you.
Collaborating on a take-home test without consent of the professor. Cheating: What it covers Plagiarism: What it covers : Using someone else’s words, ideas or research and representing them as your own.
Having a paper researched or written for you by someone else.
Using someone else’s outline to write a paper, or do a project.
Having someone post materials online under your name for an academic class.
Representing someone else’s creative work as your own.
Not properly citing quotations or facts that are not common knowledge. Plagiarism: What it covers General Dishonesty: What it covers : Hiring a commercial service to do work for you (like using an online service to get a term paper, or hiring a ghostwriter).
Trying to get advanced copies of tests/answer keys before an exam.
Submitting a paper/project you have previously written for another class without consulting your professor.
Fabricating information for papers or projects.
Sabotaging the work of other students. General Dishonesty: What it covers New England College Says: : “A student who cheats or plagiarizes will receive a failing grade on the work in which the dishonesty occurred or may, if in the instructor’s opinion, the work is of a major significance in the total course, will receive a failing grade for that course…if a second report of cheating or plagiarizing occurs, the student will be subject to expulsion” (New England College Academic Catalog, 2008, p.75). New England College Says: This is not meant to scare you! : Most students go through their entire academic career without any problems. However, there may be instances where you were not aware that something constituted academic dishonesty. It is important to go over these things to avoid any negative consequences! This is not meant to scare you! Tips to avoid academic dishonesty : Learn to cite; early and often! This is one of the biggest mistakes students make. If you are using someone else’s writing, idea, or stating a fact that may not be common knowledge , you must cite! Even “paraphrasing” is sometimes need for citation.
Learn your citation style and use it! Tips to avoid academic dishonesty Tips to avoid academic dishonesty : Author ALL of your own work. Paper, projects, quizzes, discussion posts, notes…make sure you created it!
If you are collaborating with other students, make sure it is all you do.
Your work must be unique. Tips to avoid academic dishonesty Tips to avoid academic dishonesty : Again, never hire another student OR a commercial service to write papers or create content for you. Just because you paid for it doesn’t mean you own it! Research counts! Tips to avoid academic dishonesty Does this violate the NEC Academic Code? : Test your knowledge by taking the following
short quiz! Does this violate the NEC Academic Code? Question #1 : Sarah and Jane are sharing an apartment on campus. When Sarah mentions she has an upcoming assignment due on Mongol Civilization, Jane mentions that she wrote a very similar paper last semester. Sarah borrows the paper and uses Jane’s outline and thesis for her own work. Is this ok?
Yes, this is ok…
No, this is not ok… Question #1 ANSWER : Sarah did not come up with the thesis or outline for Jane’s paper, therefore this constitutes plagiarism. She needs to come up with her own outline, thesis, and supporting information. ANSWER Question #2 : Mike is writing a research paper about Rosa Parks. He reads a few biographical websites about Rosa’s life, and writes his paper, citing none of his sources.
When his professor hands his paper back, he is heavily marked down for his lack of citation. Mark argues that everyone knows these facts, and he shouldn’t have to cite them. Is he correct?
Yes, he is…
No, he is not… Question #2 ANSWER : Although Mark might have found a lot of the same information about Rosa Parks on the Internet, it doesn’t mean that certain facts about her life are “common knowledge.” If he wrote something in his paper, he should cite the source. ANSWER Question #3 : Marco is having a huge time management problem this year. Just as he is running out the door, he remembers he was supposed to post an article for discussion in his online class in criminal justice. Marco logs into his Blackboard account and leaves a note for his roommate. Would he mind finding him an article on juvenile delinquency and posting a discussion question? It would help him out so much! Is this ok?
Yes. It is fine this one time…
No, this is not ok… Question #3 ANSWER : In this case, Marco is not only not doing the research, but he is allowing someone else to come up with AND post a course assignment in his name. This counts as academic dishonesty on several different levels. Find your own material AND post your own items! ANSWER Question #4 : It is the night before a test and Lucy has the only reserve copy of her class textbook checked out. She really needs to study more, and the book is due very soon. Although she sees a few people from her class waiting for their turn, Lucy decides she will keep the book and incur the fines. After all, this is the risk her classmates took when they didn’t buy the book. They should have gotten to the library earlier. Is this ok?
Yes, this is fine…
No, this is not ok… Question #4 ANSWER : Although it could be argued that Lucy is technically right, it would be more academically honest of Lucy to allow her classmates a fair chance at the book, or at least ask if they could work out an arrangement. By knowingly keeping such an important book from her classmates, this could be considered sabotage. ANSWER Last question! : Your teacher wants to turn in five sources for your capstone paper. You have picked a topic, and have found an excellent article for your paper. While reading through it, you decide that it is perfect for what you want to do your paper on. Since it’s the same topic, you decide to just copy the first five sources from the author’s bibliography, and call it a day. You‘ll read them over when you have more time.
Not ok?... Last question! ANSWER : You may think “who would know?” but the truth is, if you did not compile the research, it is not your work. You are allowed to use bibliographies to find great resources for your work, not to copy and paste for an assignment! The research process is all about discovery! ANSWER You’re Done! : Hopefully, you have a better idea of what constitutes academic dishonesty, and how to avoid it. Remember, if you have questions, or want help with any of your projects, there are people at New England College that will happily oblige! The next slide contains their contact information… You’re Done! Helpful Sources : Academic Support Center
Located on the 2nd floor of Danforth Library
Phone: (603) 428-2276
198 Bridge St
Phone: (603) 428-2344
Website: www.nec.edu/library Helpful Sources Sources Used for this Tutorial : Committee on Academic Conduct in the College of Arts and Sciences, University of Washington. (2007). Academic Honesty: Cheating and Plagiarism. Retrieved 06/24/2009 from http://depts.washington.edu/grading/issue1/honesty.htm
New England College’s Academic Catalog (2008-2009). Academic Integrity, p.75.
USC’s Center for Excellence in Teaching(2000). Academic Honesty: Module 5.1. Retrieved 06/24/2009 from http://www.usc.edu/programs/cet/private/pdfs/teaching_nuggets/academic_dishonesty.PDF Sources Used for this Tutorial