BIOPESTICIDES :SAFE AND ECO-FRIENDLY ALTERNATIVES

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BIOPESTICIDES :SAFE AND ECO-FRIENDLY ALTERNATIVES :

BIOPESTICIDES :SAFE AND ECO-FRIENDLY ALTERNATIVES Dr. Cheba Ben Amar Associate Professor of Biotechnology (MCA) Dept .of Biotechnology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, (USTOMB), Oran, Algeria  

LES BIOPESTICIDES :DES ALTERNATIVES SÛR ET ÉCOLOGIQUES:

LES BIOPESTICIDES :DES ALTERNATIVES SÛR ET ÉCOLOGIQUES Dr. Cheba Ben Amar (MCA) on Biotechnology Dept .de Biotechnologie , Faculté SNV -(USTOMB), Oran, Algerie  

المبيدات الحيوية : بدائل آمنة وصديقة للبيئة :

المبيدات الحيوية : بدائل آمنة وصديقة للبيئة مقدمة من قبل د . شبة بن عمر أستاذ محاضر أ في البيوتكنولوجيا كلية علوم الطبيعة والحياة -جامعة العلوم والتكنولوجيا محمد بوضياف وهران- الجزائر

PRESETATION PLAN –Part I:

PRESETATION PLAN – Part I

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION With the growing awareness of public concern to the harmful effects of chemio -pesticides on human health and environment , The search for more safer , sustainable ,and eco-friendly control alternatives became an urgent need for researchers and scientists worldwide .

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Due to the importance of chitinolytic enzymes in insect , nematode , and fungal growth and development, they are receiving a great attention in regard to their development as biopesticides

:

Pesticide/ Biopesticide

What is a pest?:

What is a pest? “…a pest is any harmful , destructive , or troublesome animal, plant or microorganism.” US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

pesticide?:

pesticide?

What is a pesticide?:

What is a pesticide? A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing , destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest . US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) “… any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing , destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest. rodents, nematodes , fungi, or weeds or any other form of life declared to be pests. … and any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator , defoliant or desiccant . ” Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA – 1947)

Pesticides History :

Pesticides History Pest-05 Agrochemicals and Security: Homeland Security and Pesticides

DDT:

DDT Cl Cl C H CCl 3 Organochlorine insecticide 1945 control of mosquitoes Effective but very persistent Very soluble in fat Damaged bird eggs

PESTICIDES HEALTH EFFECTS Pesticide exposure can cause a variety of adverse health effects, ranging from simple skin and eyes rritation to more severe effects such as cancer non-Hodgkin lymphoma and leukemia :

PESTICIDES HEALTH EFFECTS Pesticide exposure can cause a variety of adverse health effects, ranging from simple skin and eyes rritation to more severe effects such as cancer non- Hodgkin lymphoma and leukemia

PESTICIDES HEALTH EFFECTS:

PESTICIDES HEALTH EFFECTS

Pesticides and cancer:

Pesticides and cancer in Europe 92 substances actives pesticides sont classified as probable or possible carcinogenic by EU or USEPA such as: 2,4-D, Aminotriazole , Bifenthrine , Carbaryl , Carbendazime , Cyproconazole , Dichlorvos , Dicofol , Diuron, Etofenprox ….

ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT :

ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT

“what is the solution?” :

19 “what is the solution?”

Biopesticides:

Biopesticides Biopesticides are pest control agents obtained from natural substances, such as plants, minerals and bacteria. http://www.ehow.com/about_5217903_types- At the end of 2001, 195 registered biopesticide active ingredients and 780 products According to the EPA

Microbial biopesticides:

Microbial biopesticides

Biochemical Biopesticides:

Biochemical Biopesticides

(PIPs) or Molecular Biopesticides:

( PIPs ) or Molecular Biopesticides

protein transgenes used as insecticides:

protein transgenes used as insecticides

Enzymes transgenes used as insecticides :

Enzymes transgenes used as insecticides

Thank you for your kind interest:

Thank you for your kind interest

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