Slide 2: Separation of Powers
The government under the Articles of Confederation taught the founding fathers that there was a need for a strong centralized government.
However, the Founding Fathers wanted to form a government that did not allow one person to have too much authority or control. While under the rule of the British king they learned that this could be a bad system.
So, they created a system of dividing power called Separation of Powers.
Slide 3: Separation of powers, means that there are three separate branches of government. Each has its own responsibilities.
And at the same time, the three branches work together to make the country run smoothly.
The three branches of the U.S. Government are the legislative, executive, and judicial.
Slide 4: As you can see below, each branch has its own specific purpose. No branch has power or authority to take or use the powers of the other branches.
Slide 5: Also, the separation of power assures that the rights of citizens are not ignored. This is done through checks and balances.
A branch may use its powers to check the powers of the other two in order to maintain a balance of power among the three branches of government.