The Renaissance

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From our class on Monday and Tuesday

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The Renaissance :

The Renaissance

Medieval Art (Before 1450):

Medieval Art (Before 1450 )

Art Before the Rennaisance…:

Art Before the Rennaisance …

Renaissance Art:

Renaissance Art Which sculpture is from the Renaissance ?

The Dance of Death:

The Dance of Death Painting…Late 15 th Century The deathly horrors of the 14th Century—such as recurring famines, the Hundred Years' War in France and, most of all, the Black Death —were culturally digested throughout Europe. The omnipresent possibility of sudden and painful death increased the religious desire for penitence, but it also evoked a hysterical desire for amusement while still possible, a last dance as a cold comfort. The danse macabre combines both desires: similar to the popular mediaeval mystery plays, the dance-with-death allegory was originally a didactic play to remind people of the inevitability of death and to advise them strongly to be prepared all times for death

A reading…:

A reading… Night falls, and I return to my dwelling. I go into the library, and as I cross the threshold I cast off my everyday clothing, covered with filth and mud, and put on the costume of the royal court…Thus honorably clad, I enter the classical court of the Ancients. They welcome me warmly, and I feast on the nourishment for which I was born and which is mine par excellence . There I have no qualms at speaking with them, and inquiring about the motives of their actions. And they, by the virtue of their humanity, duly reply. - Niccolo Machiavelli Who are “the Ancients,”?

Humanism:

Humanism Thou, constrained by no limits, in accordance with thine own free will, in whose hand We have placed thee, shalt ordain for thyself the limits of thy nature. We have set thee at the world's center that thou mayest from thence more easily observe what is in the world. We have made thee neither of heaven nor of earth, neither mortal nor immortal, so that with freedom of choice and with honor, as though the maker and molder of thyself, thou mayest fashion thyself in whatever shape thou shalt prefer. Thou shalt have the power to degenerate into the lower forms of life, which are brutish. Thou shalt have the power, out of thy soul's judgement, to be born into the higher forms, which are divine. -Picco della Mirrandola

The Printing Press…Rise of Books.:

The Printing Press…Rise of Books.

John Gutenberg:

John Gutenberg Gutenberg's specific contributions were the design of metal movable type, the invention of a process for making such type in quantity (mass production), the use of oil-based ink, and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the screw olive and wine presses of the period. He printed his first book sometime around 1450, his first Bible sometime around 1455.

What Human Nature?:

What Human Nature? Upon this a question arises: whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, is much safer to be feared than loved, when, of the two, either must be dispensed with. Because this is to be asserted in general of men, that they are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed they are yours entirely; they will offer you their blood, property, life and children, as is said above, when the need is far distant; but when it approaches they turn against you. And that prince who, relying entirely on their promises, has neglected other precautions, is ruined; because friendships that are obtained by payments, and not by greatness or nobility of mind, may indeed be earned, but they are not secured, and in time of need cannot be relied upon; and men have less scruple in offending one who is beloved than one who is feared, for love is preserved by the link of obligation which, owing to the baseness of men, is broken at every opportunity for their advantage; but fear preserves you by a dread of punishment which never fails. -Niccolo Machiavelli Since the world has taken up a false maxim upon it, as if there were no tie of nature uniting one nation to another, only separated perhaps by a mountain or a river, and that all were born in a state of hostility, and so might lawfully do all that mischief to their neighbors against which there is no provision made by treaties; and that when treaties are made, they do not cut off the enmity, or restrain the license of preying upon each other, if by the unskilfulness of wording them there are not effectual provisos made against them. They, on the other hand, judge that no man is to be esteemed our enemy that has never injured us; and that the partnership of the human nature is instead of a league. And that kindness and good-nature unite men more effectually and with greater strength than any agreements whatsoever; since thereby the engagements of men's hearts become stronger than the bond and obligation of words. -Thomas More

PowerPoint Presentation:

Perspective: Gives the illusion of depth, three dimensions on a two-dimensional painting…

The Ultimate Renaissance Man:

The Ultimate Renaissance Man Leonardo da Vinci Lived from 1452-1519 Illegitimate son of a notary, Messer Piero , and a peasant girl, Caterina . His professions were: architect, engineer, painter, sculptor, scientist.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Renaissance Florence

Da Vinci: The Artist:

Da Vinci: The Artist

The Last Supper:

The Last Supper

More Da Vinci Art…:

More Da Vinci Art…

Da Vinci: The Scientist:

Da Vinci: The Scientist

Da Vinci: The Revolutionary…:

Da Vinci: The Revolutionary… He who thinks little, errs much… -Da Vinci

Michelango’s Pieta:

Michelango’s Pieta

The Sistine Chapel Paintings by Michelangelo.:

The Sistine Chapel Paintings by Michelangelo .

St. Peter’s Basilica: Renaissance Architecture:

St. Peter’s Basilica: Renaissance Architecture

The School of Athens: Raphael:

The School of Athens: Raphael

Donatello’s David:

Donatello’s David

Pause…:

Pause…

The Northern Renaissance:

The Northern Renaissance The velocity of transmission of the Renaissance throughout Europe can also largely be ascribed to the invention of the printing press. The printing press was popularized arrived well after the Renaissance was underway in Italy, but its power to mass-produce printed material dramatically affected the course of the Renaissance in northern Europe. The ability to widely disseminate knowledge enhanced scientific research and helped spread the Renaissance from Italy to other parts of Europe. Above all, it emphasizes the use of the VERNACULAR language in the North.

Northern Renaissance Literature…:

Northern Renaissance Literature… "All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players: they have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts..."

North Renaissance Art:

North Renaissance Art Instead of focusing on the ideal…keep in mind what the following art seems to focus on…

Pieter Bruegel:

Pieter Bruegel He was the son of a peasant residing in the village of Breughel. He was an apprentice of Pieter Coecke van Aelst , whose daughter Mayken he later married. He spent some time in France and Italy, and then went to Antwerp, where in 1551 he was accepted as a master in the painter's guild. He traveled to Italy soon after, and then returned to Antwerp before settling in Brussels permanently 10 years later.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Peter Bruegel

PowerPoint Presentation:

Jan Van Eyck

PowerPoint Presentation:

Albrecht Durer

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