Slide 1: Presented by: Chandresh Dwivedi Herbal cosmetics,
Potential adverse effects
Merits and Demerits Slide 2: 1.Introduction
A. Skin cosmetics
Lotion & Liniment
Deodorant & antiperspirant
Shampoo C. Tooth cosmetics
D. Nail preparation
E. Shaving preparations
F. Foot preparations
3. Adverse effect of Herbal cosmetics
6. References contents INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Definition of cosmetic:
FD &C act defines cosmetics by their intended use, as articles intended to be rubbed. Poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced in to, or otherwise applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting, attractiveness, or altering the appearance.
Cosmetics containing an active ingredient obtained from plant origin.
To enhance the general appearance of face and other body parts to minimize the skin defects to a considerable extent
Psychological, social and clinical application. Slide 4: The main function of this covering is to protect body, eliminate waste material & regulate body temperature.
semi-solid emulsions that is mixtures of oil and water
Uses of creams Ideal characteristic
Protect the skin Non toxic
Retention of moisture Easily spreads
Cleansing Remains stable
Emollient effects Not too hygroscopic
As barrier with sunscreens Easy to remove Skin cosmetics Slide 5: According to emulsion phase
eg: Cold cream, Emollient cream
Eg: Shaving cream, foundation cream, Vanishing cream
2. According to functional aspect
Cold & cleansing creams
Night & Nourishing creams
Vanishing & Foundation creams
All –purpose cream
Others : Anti-acne, anti-wrinkle cream Classification of creams Slide 6: Invented by Galen: Galen's cold cream was based on beeswax and water, also containing olive oil and rose petals for softness and scent.
It is an emulsion of water and certain fats (W/O)
Normally following base are used:
Almond oil, white bees wax
Borax (used as emulsifier),Rose water
Method of preparation:
Dissolve borax in hot rose water.
Melt various waxes together keeping the temp. about 70C.
Mix both the oil & water phase at same temp. with constant stirring.
Mix without heat for 1 hrs &when cool (45-50C), add perfume
For example: Nyle cold cream (Red apple extract) Cold Cream Slide 7: o/w Creams
When applied to the skin leave an almost invisible layer on it.
Produce emollient and moisturizing effect.
Melt stearic acid & lanolin. Mix water, glycerine, extract & triethanolamine &warm to same temp. as that of melted stearic acid and lanolin. Mix with continuous stirring.
Add preservative &perfume. Mix them thoroughly in order to obtain a uniform product
Jojoba vanishing cream:
Stearic acid, Glycerin, Lanolin,
Natural jojoba extract, Preservative,
Water, perfume. Vanishing creams Slide 8: It is non greasy &provides nourishment & protection to the skin.
Nourishing skin cream (Himalaya)
Aloe vera (Nourishes & moisturizes the skin)
Indian Kino tree, Ashwaganda (Protect skin from pollution & dry weather)
Gotu Kola (May increases the production of collagen)
Liquid paraffin, Glycerin,BHT,
Sodium EDTA, phenoxyethanol,
Methylparaben,etc. Nourishing Creams Slide 9: Nourishes the skin all night with revitalizers, nutrients & moisturizers.
It provides moisture to the skin by preventing evaporation.
Example: Revitalizing night cream(Himalaya)
Pyrus malus (Crab Apple): Cooling, Soothing and Keratolytic
Triticum sativum (Wheat): Preventing black heads.
Citrus limon (Lemon):It protects the skin
from oxidative damage
Lilium polyphyllum (White Lily): Astringent
Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato):Antioxidant Night Cream Slide 10: A great moisturizer for dry skin that helps heal, repair, and maintain soft, supple skin.
Increasing skin hydration (by reducing evaporation)
E.g.: Aloe moisturizing cream
Method of formulation:
Heat coconut oil & beeswax until wax melt.
Stir & cool
slowly add the aloe vera gel a drop at a time.
Continue stirring & when the mixture thickens,
add the vitamin oil & chamomile extract. Moisturizer Cream Slide 11: It acts as a superficial disease that affects the hair follicles and oil secreting glands of the skin.
Example: Himalaya acne –n pimple cream Anti-acne cream Slide 12: Sunscreen cream are those topical preparations which protect the skin by harmful sunlight either by scatter sunlight or to absorb erythemogenic radiations.
Examples of Sunscreen cream:
Fat-soluble walnut extract
Hydrogenated ricinus oil Sunburn Creams Slide 13: It delays wrinkles and smoothes fine lines.
Regular use prevents oxidative skin damage. Anti-Wrinkle Cream Slide 14: It inhibits the formation of melanin.
It reduces pigmentation.
E.g. 1.Himalaya Fairness Cream
2.Fair & lovely fairness cream Fairness Cream Slide 15: It prevents chapping, drying & cracking of the lips.
It contains a natural UV filter and Vit.E which nourishes, tones and softens the lips. Lip balm Lotion : Lotion A lotion is a low- to medium-viscosity, topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin; creams and gels have a higher viscosity. It is applied without friction.
Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions.
Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:
Antibiotics ,Antiseptics ,Antifungal ,Corticosteroids ,Anti-acne agents
Soothing, smoothing, moisturizing or protective agents. Slide 17: The raw materials used in making the lotion includes Face packs : Face packs It stimulates the blood circulation, tone the muscles and maintain the elasticity of the skin.
Also they draw out impurities from the pores.
E.g.1. Neem Face Pack(Himalaya)
2. Apricot Face Pack COSMETICS FOR HAIR : COSMETICS FOR HAIR Shampoo: liquid, creamy or gel-like
Cleansing of hair without leaving the hair greasy & dry.
Not produce irritation in eye, Contain an effective germicide, fungicide or antiseptic, Easy to remove
Reduce the degree of itching, scaling and inflammation
Ingredients use in shampoos:
Anionic surfactants superior foaming properties and low cost E.g Alkyl benzene sulphonates
Cationic surfactants- They produce good foam, leave hair lustrous and have good. E.g. Cetyl pyridinum salts
Amphoteric surfactants-E.g. n-alkyl amino acids
good cleansing and foaming properties SHAMPOO……. : SHAMPOO……. B) Conditioning agent: Mineral oil, lanolin
C) Viscosity modifiers: NaCl, Natural gums
Thickening of shampoo
D) Opacifying agents: TiO2
E) Sequestering agent: EDTA
F) Preservatives: Methyl/propyl parabens
H) Antimicrobials- Thymol
Classified according to function as:
Anti dandruff shampoo
Conditioning shampoo Protein shampoo(Himalaya) : Protein shampoo(Himalaya) USES:
Shikakai and ushira- soften the hair
Musk roof- promotes hair growth
Soapnut- hair from excessive oil secretion, dirt, dust
Fenugreek- provide natural proteins Anti-dandruff shampoo : Anti-dandruff shampoo E.g. Ayush antidandruff shampoo:
Significance of each extract:
Rusmari- destroys dandruff
Neem- protects from germs
Tulsi- protects from germs
Shikakai- cleanses and conditions hair
Amla- strengtns hair, Henna- provides rich and healthy shine Slide 23: To enhance untangling of wet hair and improve manageability of both wet and hair.
Formulation of conditioning shampoo Conditioning shampoo HAIR COLORANTS: : HAIR COLORANTS: Hair dye should possess following characteristics:
It should be non-injurious to the hair shaft
It should possess no systemic toxic effect or irritation when applied to the hair
It should have affinity for hair keratin
Some herbs used to color the hair include:
Eclipta alba: Whole plant extract is useful for hair nourishment and dyeing
Juglans regia:Leaves and haul of fruits for hair dyeing
Lawsonia inermis (henna),
Emblica officinalis (amla)
Tea leaves TOOTH PREPARATIONS : TOOTH PREPARATIONS To prevent and control of teeth disorders, which include dentifrices and mouthwash
The basic requirements of a dentifrice are-
1. To remove food debris, plaque and stain.
2. It should leave the mouth with a fresh, clean sensation.
3. It should be harmless, pleasant and convenient to use.
Various botanicals used in preparation of dentifrices a TOOTH PASTE : TOOTH PASTE To remove adherent soiling matter from a hard surface with minimal damage METHOD OF FORMULATION: : METHOD OF FORMULATION: The hydration of the gelling agent
Dispersion of the abrasive in gel
To add the active ingredients late in the mixing cycle
Add the surface active agent
Flavor last of all.
For example –
1.Neem herbal toothpaste
Calcium carbonate,sorbitol, fennel (Foeniculum vulgare),clove bud (Eugenia caryophyllus),Neem leaf(azadirachta indica),and neem bark,peppermint (mentha piperita),essential oils,ascorbic acid (vitamin C) Mouth washes : Mouth washes To give a healthier and fresher mouth and to provide some assurance of good breath odour.
Thera neem herbal mouthwash
certified organic aloe barbadensis gel,
super critical extracts of mentha piperata,
azadirachta indica leaf and bark,
ascorbic acid, xylitol, potassium sorbate, Nail preparations : Nail preparations Nail Enamels:
Solvent, like toluene
Pigments: minerals or organic lakes
Plasticizer like DEP, camphor
Resin for film strength and flexibility: Toluene Sulfonamide Formaldehyde,
Nails can become brittle due to dehydration. Nail creams contain an emmolient like olive oil and lanolin Shaving preparations : Shaving preparations Shaving cream:
A good shaving cream should have following characteristics:
It must give an abundant lather
It must remain soft in tube
It must tacky to adhere to both brush & face
Stearic acid, Mineral oil, Beeswax, Menthol, Soap flakes, Water After shave preparations : After shave preparations To relieve slight irritation after shaving.
To recover injury after shaving.
Humectants and emollients-like glycerol and sorbitol etc
Cooling effect of skin is achieved by adding menthol
Astringency is achieved by adding witch hazel extract and zinc
Nivea after shave lotion
chamomile, vitamin E, and provitamin B5. Calms skin helps to prevent irritations. Foot preparation : Foot preparation Bacteria staphylococcus epidermidis giving rise to bad odors.
Himalaya’s foot cream ADVERSE EFFECTS OF HERBAL COSMETICS : ADVERSE EFFECTS OF HERBAL COSMETICS Various adverse effects may occur in the form of acute toxicity, percutaneous absorption, skin irritation, eye irritation, skin sensitization and photosensitization, subchronic toxicity, mutagenicity/genotoxicity, and phototoxicity/photoirritation.
Most of herbal remedies can cause allergic reaction and several can be responsible for photosensitization.
Many cosmetic preparation are made up of more than one ingredient, in such case it is difficult to identify the actual ingredient which cause irritation to the skin. MERITS OF HERBAL COSMETICS : MERITS OF HERBAL COSMETICS Slide 38: 1.More convenient than synthetic cosmetics.
E.g. Aloe vera is mostly used as different form. It is economic also.
2.Less side effect than synthetic cosmetics
3.Easy to formulate them.
4.Most acceptable by peoples. Slide 39: 1. IRRITATION AND SENSITIZATION IN SKIN
2.TOXIC EFFECTS OF HERBS
3.Due to presence of heavy metal they have carcinogenic property, some other long term problem may occur, if using regularly.
Due to this reason FDA, not approve all herbal cosmetics, use for USA.
4. Small content of cosmetics achieve by lot of herbal mass.
5 No efficient regulatory control.
6. Plants having different species due to this drug content also vary species to species & place to place. DEMERITS OF HERBAL COSMETICS Slide 40: 1.Wilkinson J.B., Moore R.J., ‘Harry`s cosmeticology’ 7th edition.
2. Poucher W.A., ‘perfumes, cosmetics and soaps’. Volume-3
3. Kapoor V.P. “Herbal Cosmetics for Skin and Hair Care, Natural product Radiance. July 2005,Volume-4 Page no: 306-314.
6.www.healthy.net References Slide 41: Thank you