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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Learning leadership skills from RamayanA AND MAHABHARATA FOR THE BUSINESS WORLD : Learning leadership skills from RamayanA AND MAHABHARATA FOR THE BUSINESS WORLD aBSTRACT : aBSTRACT The field of business and leadership has been enriched by learnings from various disciplines of knowledge. This presentation attempts to find out whether we can draw corporate leadership learnings from our great epics- Ramayana and Mahabharat and apply to the business world for betterment. An attempt has been made to assimilate the spirit of these epics for application in the field of daily management practice and in the wider arena of creating better individuals and in turn better corporate world OBJECTIVES : OBJECTIVES To comprehend the lessons from Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Gita and apply them to the corporate world To identify the roles played by characters and apply them in today’s business arena To understand the relevance of these lessons in today’s scenario Introduction : Introduction American style of business management is more or less on empirical studies, scientific approaches and mathematical derivations Japanese form of management is based on art form of management Indian style is based on wisdom and knowledge. It concentrates more on content (knowledge) rather than on form or outward appearance. The Indian businesses must be run through citations and practices mentioned in Indian culture Introduction (contd) : Introduction (contd) According to Goldman 6 types of leaders Coercive- meaning one who compel team members to follow their decisions Authoritative- the ‘come with me’ type Affiliating- one who work through close association Democratic- those who believe in building consensus Pace-setting- the ‘I will jump and you will follow type’ Coaching- the ones who believe in mentoring Slide 6: For being a successful leader 3 primary skills required are Technical skills Cognitive and Analytical skills Emotional intelligence(EI) EI twice as important as the other two attributes. It is an embodiment of motivation, empathy and social skills.EI is an experience driven. Tutorials from lord rama : Tutorials from lord rama More emphasis on emotional intelligence A great lesson in leadership, more on role and importance of EI and clear vision Importance of principal of teamwork in management Slide 8: According to Mahatma Gandhi “The world steps aside to a person who knows where he or she is going” Slide 9: 4 wheels of chariot are character, courage, ethics and valor Horses drawing chariot signify strength, energy and passion Reins of horses are forgiveness, compassion, consistency and equanimity These are among the most important of a warrior’s and (therefore a leader’s) repertoire Knowledge, strategy, intelligence, skills , commitment and restraint of ego are weapons that will help in winning any mammoth battle Tutorials from mahabharata : Tutorials from mahabharata Sri Krishna A great leader Problem solver Pragmatic Good judge of men Led by example Delegated to qualified people Let people make mistakes so that they could learn from there mistakes Always kept big picture in mind Slide 11: Draupadi Epitome of feminine will and self respect who challenged injustice Held her ground in difficult circumstances Optimistic Egalitarian in her approach to men and women A confidante and a counselor Sensitive interpreter of people’s non-verbal communication Identified the right person for the right job and most important blended passion/compassion with reason to energize her kinsmen, her husbands and her family Slide 12: The great Indian epic can be used to compare each of the pandavas to managers of today with their roles , strengths, weaknesses and consequences. According to Ramnath Narayanswamy, professor at IIM-B management students are looking at Krishna as CEO, Yudhistir who binds together values, Bhima (outcomes), Arjun (learning), Karna (legitimacy), Nakul (process) and Sahdev (purpose). The Pandavas, Karna included are each a great hero with a fatal flaw. Slide 13: Karna’s strength is personal loyalty;it also brings about his doom. He is like the manager of today who’d buy vegetables for his boss’s stands for flawless perfection. His strength is that he is assailed by doubt but he is willing to learn. Slide 14: Yudhishtir a mentor whose strength are his values and beliefs. He stands for propriety but he is blinded by his code of honor Slide 15: Bhima An executor manager for whom the outcome is supremely important, the bottom line matters. His weakness- he can be blinded by rage. Slide 16: Today’s young managers are Arjuns, in search of their own heroism-they want to discover there own meaning in life. Isolate the insides of religious traditions and contemporize them in managerial situation. Slide 17: Nakul- a enabler;service hero of today;driven of process but there is no active leadership Sahadev is the visionary, but he is like the manager who stands for thought and no action Slide 18: Dronacharya Highly developed primary leadership ability for strategic leadership, and also a very strong ability as a directive leader Can there be any bit of similarity between Krishna’s showing his universal form to arjuna on the battlefield and an effective leader displaying holistic vision ? : Can there be any bit of similarity between Krishna’s showing his universal form to arjuna on the battlefield and an effective leader displaying holistic vision ? Slide 20: Knowledge without action has no value and action without knowledge is futile. To integrate thought and action there has to be responsibility, accountability and performance-linked incentive. Slide 21: Henri Fayol divided management into five elements : Plan Organise Command Coordinate Control Slide 22: According to Peter F Drucker 5 C’s which encapsulate business management are: Capability Capital Connections Communication Commitment THE PIOUS GITA WITH HOLY LEARNINGS : THE PIOUS GITA WITH HOLY LEARNINGS Capital Capability Connections Communication Commitment Capital : Capital Gita III:35- Sreyan sva-dharmo vigunah Para-dharmat sv anushthitat Sarva-dharme nidhanam sreyah Para-dharmo bhayavah Nothing is ever lost in following one’s own dharma,but competition in another’s dharma breeds fear and insecurity. Core competencies, intellectual properties and niche expertise are intangible capital. capital : capital Gita II:47- Karmany evadhikaras te ma phaleshu kadachana Ma karma-phala-hetur bhur Ma te sango stv akarmani You have the right to work, but never to the fruit of work capital : capital Gita II:50 Buddhi-yukto jahatiha Ubhe sukrta-duskrte Tasmad yogaya yujyasva yogah karmasu kausalam When consciousness is unified, however, all vain anxiety is left behind. There is no cause of worry, whether things go well or ill Managing and owning capital are forms of stewardship from the Gita perspective. CAPABILITY : CAPABILITY Refer to the intrinsic qualities that contribute to competitive advantage. Include Outsourcing Corporate governance Corporate social responsibility CAPABILITY : CAPABILITY Gita VI:5- Yat sankhyaih prapayate sthanam tad yogair api gamyate ekam sankhyam ca yogam ca yah pasyati sa pasyati Reshape yourself through the power of your will, never let yourself be degraded by self-will. The will is the only friend of self and will is the only enemy of self. CAPABILITY : CAPABILITY Gita says “The wise ever satisfied, have abandoned all external supports. Their security is unaffected by the results of their action:even while acting they really do nothing at all”. Masterplans (for example, revolving long range planning) and scenario planning outline strategies to retain,replace or review essential capabilities that are vital for business as an on-going entity. Connections : Connections Besides capital and capability provide for the supply-side , a business needs to capture its demand-side. These include feedforward(market intelligence,feasibility studies) and feedback (reviews and audits). Gita xvii:23-27 mentions Om – sacred syllable that connects known to the unknown. Tat – refers to supreme reality beyond what human language or thought can describe. Sat – embodies all that is good in self harmony. Connections (contd) : Connections (contd) More importantly, Gita XVIL 28 refers to Asat as all work done without faith is nothing. So, sincerity is vital for all interconnectivities between deeds and needs. Truth prevails. A business needs to maintain a culture of integrity in order to sustain trust , inside and outside, thereby create a goodwill and gradually build up a strong reputation for self. communication : communication Besides sender and receiver (worthy or unworthy), communication within the Gita perspective is dependent on timing and circumstances, regardless of content and duration of the message. From the business perspective, data mining and market analyses help prepare impactful deliveries to targeted audiences. Very often, it is not what but how things have been said or packaged which determine responses commitment : commitment Another purpose-centric perspective is the commitment of managers and owners the business as an on-going concern. From Gita 11:34 “……for a man of honour, dishonour is worse than death.” Sustaining a business is an honourable duty. The management grid : The management grid Delegation of responsibility Transparency in organisational structure Understanding of local culture for optimal management Tact and tolerance Effective leadership at the time of crisis and chaotic situation Conscious control Timely communication Efficient coordination and effective cooperation holistic approach : holistic approach Self control Communication in vast and ever expanding network Leader as a vital link between business and management Discipline Detachment and devotion Reinforcing the commitment to sustain an on-going concern for business Western thoughts v/s holy gita : Western thoughts v/s holy gita The major difference : While western management thought too often deals with problems at material,external and peripheral levels, the Bhagvad Gita tackles the issues from grass roots level of human thinking. Once basic thinking of man is improved, it will automatically enhance the quality of his actions and their results. Bhagvad-gita is a primer of management-by values : Bhagvad-gita is a primer of management-by values Utilisation of available resources Attitude towards work Work commitment Motivation –self and self transcendence LIVE EXAMPLE : LIVE EXAMPLE Exercise in spirituality produces positive energy and team spirit among employees No belief on intense vigilance No reliance on hidden cameras to plug leaks and wrong doers Instead turned to bhagvad gita to stem corruption,lethargy and negligence. Quotes from Gita Makrand are taken and published in monthly newsletter and safety bulletins of DMRC Slide 39: Any relevant queries????????????? Slide 40: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.