Top 10 Christian Events after Pentecost to the Reformation

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An overview of the top 10 events in Church history for the period after Pentecost to the Reformation.

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Top 10 Christian Events:

Top 10 Christian Events After Pentecost to the Reformation

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Titus Destroys Jerusalem – AD 70 The First Jewish revolt against the Romans led to the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, and the bitter end of the war at Masada. Many Christians had already fled the city, but after this, Jewish and Christian worship separated further apart, and Christian efforts among the Gentiles grew.

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Titus’ Roman soldiers carry off the temple spoils after sacking the city of Jerusalem.

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Constantine’s Edict of Milan – AD 313 Emperors Constantine (West) and Licinius (East) published a joint edict granting full religious freedom to Christians, thus ending the incessant persecutions and opening the door for Christianity to become the dominant religion of the empire.

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First Council of Nicea – AD 325 At the request of Emperor Constantine, about 300 ecclesiastical leaders met at the city of Nicaea in Asia Minor to settle the issue of the person of Christ—specifically about His deity.

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Council of Nicea Against the teachings of Arius (shown cast under the council in the middle figure), the Church Fathers wrote the Nicene Creed (shown in the first figure in Greek) and reaffirmed the deity of Jesus Christ.

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Athanasius Lists the New Testament Books – AD 367 In a letter sent at Easter to the churches he oversaw, Athanasius listed the 27 New Testament books as we have them today. Thus, Athanasius affirmed the canon of Scripture. “If the world is against truth, then I am against the world.”

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Augustine Converts to Christianity – AD 386 After studying rhetoric, and other religions and philosophies, Augustinus Aurelius, or Augustine, was converted after hearing the teaching of bishop Ambrose of Milan. Augustine’s restless heart had finally come to rest in Christ. Augustine later became bishop of Hippo and wrote such classics as City of God and Confessions . “Our hearts are restless until they find their rest in thee.”

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Jerome Completes the Latin Vulgate – AD 405 Beginning in 382, the great scholar, Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius , or Jerome, finished his translation in 405. He thus provided the Latin church with an accurate translation in their language. The “Divine Library” or Bibliotheca Divina

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Jerome and Latin Vulgate

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The Council of Chalcedon Meets – AD 451 Under the guidance of Bishop Leo (the Great) of Rome, this council met to further hammer out the person of Christ against several heresies. It affirmed the full deity and humanity of Christ in one person.

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Benedict Writes His Monastic Rule – AD 540 Drawing from Scripture and centuries of Monastic life, Benedict writes his “Rule” to govern community life. The rule guided not only his monastery at Monte Cassino , but also many other monasteries for years to come. Its directives for spiritual disciplines have aided Christians, both Catholic and Protestant. “The first degree of humility is prompt obedience.”

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The East-West Schism – AD 1054 Culminating a history of growing differences and antagonism, the break between the churches of East and West became final on 1054 with the mutual excommunications of patriarch and pope.

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Pope Urban II Launches First Crusade – AD 1095 After a sermon by Pope Urban and a widespread recruitment effort, thousands of knights and pilgrims embarked on the first crusade to liberate the Holy Lands from Muslims. For the next three-hundred years other crusades followed, but none were as successful as the first.

For further reading:

For further reading Christian History Magazine-Issue 28: The 100 Most Important Events in Church History . 1990. Carol Stream, IL: Christianity Today. Mark Noll, Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity . 2012. Grand Rapids, Michigan.

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